Map of averaged mean annual total solar radiation in November .

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A.N. Afonin, K.L. Lipiyaynen, V.Y. Tsepelev

Compilation date:



10 km/pix

Map's precision:

The map contains averaged values of mean annual and mean monthly total solar radiation for patches of the earth's surface with an area of 10 x 10 km.


Albers equal-area projection for the USSR
ref. system : Alber's Equal Area Conic for Russia
projection : Alber's Equal Area Conic
datum : Pulkovo 1942 (S42)
delta WGS84 : 28 -130 -95
ellipsoid : Krasovsky
major s-ax : 6378245.000
minor s-ax : 6356863.019
origin long : 100
origin lat : 0
origin X : 0
origin Y : 0
scale fac : na
units : m
parameters : 2
stand ln 1 : 44
stand ln 2 : 68

Main content:

A bitmapped map. The map contains mean total solar radiation for November.

Classifier precision:

Total solar radiation expressed in kcal/cm╤ with precision within 0.5 kcal.

Map compilation procedure:

The map was compiled using data found in the Atlas of the Terrestrial Globe's Thermal Balance (1963) and data on total solar radiation in the nodes of the regular grid with a latitudinal and longitudinal spacing of 2.5 degrees found in the Surface Solar Irradiance database, NASA GISS, USA (1997). The database contains verified data on total solar radiation for the period from 1984 to 1991. The data have been obtained via the Internet from an FTP server: ftp://data/inter_disc/radiation_clouds/solrad_sw/yyyy/ .

Data sources:

Bishop, J.K.B., and W.B. Rossow. 1991. Spatial and Temporal Variability of Global Surface Solar Irradiance, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 16,839-16,858.
Budyko, M.I., ed. 1963. Atlas of the Terrestrial Globe's Thermal Balance. - Moscow.
Climate Handbook: Total Radiation. 1964-75. Issues 1-34. - Leningrad.
Gupta, S.K., A.C. Wilber, W.L. Darnell, and J.T. Suttles. 1993. Longwave Surface Radiation over the Globe from Satellite Data: An Error Analysis, Int. J. Remote Sens., 14, 95-114.

Rights and copyrights:

All rights to the map and its descriptions belong to the authors.
The authors wish to thank Drs. James Bishop and William Rossow at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, for the production of the original data set, and the Distribute Active Archive Center (Code 902) at the Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 20771, for putting these data in the present format and distributing them. Goddard DAAC's share in these activities was sponsored by NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program.

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