Soils

Soil Types .

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Authors:

Rukhovich, D.I., Vilchevskaya, E.V.

Compilation date:

10.07.2003.

Scale:

10 km/pix

Map's precision:

The map contains information on soil types for patches of the Earth's surface with the area of 10 х 10 km.

Projection:

"Albers Equal Area for the USSR":
ref. system : Albers Equal Area Conic for Russia
projection : Albers Equal Area Conic
datum : Pulkovo 1942 (S42)
delta WGS84 : 28 -130 -95
ellipsoid : Krasovsky
major s-ax : 6378245.000
minor s-ax : 6356863.019
origin long : 100
origin lat : 0
origin X : 0
origin Y : 0
scale fac : na
units : m
parameters : 2
stand ln 1 : 44
stand ln 2 : 68

Main content:

A bitmapped map containing information on soil types.

Classifier precision:

The map's legend contains 238 soil types:
code 0 : No data
code 1 : Arctic soils
code 2 : Arctic tundra soils
code 3 : Tundra gley soils
code 4 : Tundra raw-humus ruptic soils
code 5 : Tundra humus-illuvial soils
code 6 : Tundra mucky-calcareous soils
code 7 : Tundra soddy (Tundra humus) soils
code 8 : Tundra eluvial-gley (Tundra differentiated) soils
code 9 : Wetland tundra (peat bog tundra) soils
code 10 : Gley-podzolic soils
code 11 : Podzolic soils
code 12 : Podzolic frozen (permafros-affected) soils
code 13 : Podzolic soils and contact-eluvial podzols
code 14 : Podzolic deeply-gleyic soils
code 15 : Podzolic gley soils
code 16 : Iron-illuvial podzols
code 17 : Iron-humus-illuvial and humus-illuvial podzols
code 18 : Peaty-gleyic humus-illuvial podzols
code 19 : Gleysols (Taiga epi-gley and gleyic soils)
code 20 : Podzolized gleysols
code 21 : Peaty gleysols
code 22 : Taiga frozen soils (Cryosols)
code 23 : Taiga gley frozen soils (Gley Cryosols)
code 24 : Podburs
code 25 : Podburs with dry peat accumulation
code 26 : Brown taiga soils
code 27 : Brown taiga gley and gleyic soils
code 28 : Pale-yellow typical soils
code 29 : Pale-yellow podzolized soils
code 30 : Pale-yellow gleyic and gley soils, including solodized variants
code 31 : Cryoarid soils
code 32 : Sod-podzolic soils
code 33 : Sod pale-podzolic and pseudopodzolic soils
code 34 : Sod-podzolic soils with the second humus horizon
code 35 : Sod-podzolic deeply podzolized soils
code 36 : Sod-podzolic iron-illuvial soils
code 37 : Sod-podzolic deeply gleyic soils
code 38 : Sod-podzolic gley soils
code 39 : Taiga soddy soils
code 40 : Sod-podzolic and podzolic residual-calcareous soils
code 41 : Sod-calcareous soils
code 42 : Mucky-calcareous soils
code 43 : Sod-gley soils
code 44 : Granuzems
code 45 : Volcanic stratified-ashy soils
code 46 : Volcanic ochric soils
code 47 : Volcanic podzolized ochric soils
code 48 : Brown nonsaturated forest soils
code 49 : Brown forest typical soils
code 50 : Brown gley forest soils
code 51 : Brown eluvial-gley forest soils
code 52 : Gray forest soils
code 53 : Dark gray forest soils
code 54 : Gray and dark gray gleyic and gley forest soils, icluding the solodized variants
code 55 : Sand soils of pine forests
code 56 : Leached and podzolized chernozems
code 57 : Typical chernozems
code 58 : Ordinary chernozems
code 59 : Southern chernozems
code 60 : Glossic (tongueing) chernozems
code 61 : Surface (micellium)-calcareous chernozems
code 62 : Powdery-calcareous chernozems
code 63 : Residual-calcareous chernozems
code 64 : Weakly developed chernozems
code 65 : Solonetzic chernozems
code 66 : Meadow-chernozemic and chernozemic-meadow soils
code 67 : Meadow-chernozemic and chernozemic-meadow frozen (permafrost-affected) soils
code 68 : Chestnut and dark chestnut soils
code 69 : Chestnut and dark chestnut powdery-calcareous soils
code 70 : Chestnut and dark-chestnut solonetzic soils
code 71 : Weakly developed chestnut and dark chestnut soils
code 72 : Meadow-chestnut soils, including solonetzic varieties
code 73 : Light chestnut soils
code 74 : Light chestnut solonetzic soils
code 75 : Brown desert-steppe soils
code 76 : Brown desert-steppe solonetzic soils
code 77 : Brown meadow soils
code 78 : Gray-brown desert soils
code 79 : Gray-brown solonetzic desert soils
code 80 : Gray-brown solonchacous soils
code 81 : Desert sandy soils
code 82 : Takyr soils
code 83 : Takyr-like soils
code 84 : Red-earth (ferrallitic) soils
code 85 : Yellow-earth (ferrallitic) soils
code 86 : Cinnamonic soils
code 87 : Cray-cinnamonic soils
code 88 : Light sierozems
code 89 : Typical sierozems
code 90 : Dark sierozems
code 91 : Meadow-sierozemic soils
code 92 : Durably irrigated and irrigated soils (Anthrosols)
code 93 : Bog frozen soils (Peat and residual-peat soils)
code 94 : Peat and peat-gley bog soils (soils of oligotrophic bogs)
code 95 : Mucky-peaty gley soils (soils of transitional bogs and swamps)
code 96 : Meadow-bog (wetland) soils
code 97 : Meadow-bog (wetland) frozen (permafrost-affected) soils
code 98 : Meadow soils
code 99 : Meadow frozen (permafrost-affected soils)
code 100 : Meadow solonetzic and solonchakic soils
code 101 : Solods
code 102 : Solonetzs
code 103 : Solonchaks
code 104 : Sod and meadow alluvial acid and weakly acid soils
code 105 : Meadow and sod alluvial saturated soils
code 106 : Meadow and sod alluvial calcareous soil
code 107 : Meadow alluvial solonchakic and solonetzic soils
code 108 : Bog and meadow-bog alluvial soils
code 109 : Alluvial soils of mountain river valleys
code 110 : Marsh soils
code 150 : Desert soils of highlands
code 151 : Desert-steppe soils of highlands
code 152 : Mountain organogenic-skeletal primitive soils
code 153 : Mountain meadow soils
code 154 : Mountain meadow peaty and dry peaty soils
code 155 : Mountain meadow-steppe soils
code 156 : Mountain sod-steppe soils
code 157 : Mountain dark forest raw-humus soils
code 158 : Mountain brown forest humus-illuvial soils
code 200 : Sands
code 201 : Rocks
code 202 : Glaciers
code 203 : Water objects
code 204 : Arctic and stone polygons
code 205 : Arctic tundra, Wetland tundra (peat bog tundra), soils of bare spots and cracks
code 206 : Arctic tundra soils, stone polygons and soils of bare spots
code 207 : Arctic tundra Soils, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 208 : Tundra soddy soils, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 209 : Tundra eluvial-gley soils and soils of bare spots
code 210 : Taiga gley frozen soils, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 211 : Meadow-chernozemic, chernozemic-meadow soils (including solonetzic varieties) and solonetzs
code 212 : Chestnut and dark chestnut soils (including solonetzic varieties) and solonetzs
code 213 : Meadow-chestnut soils (including solonetzic varieties) and solonetzs
code 214 : Light chestnut soils (including solonetzic varieties) and solonetzs
code 215 : Brown desert-steppe soils (including solonetzic varieties) and solonetzs
code 216 : Gray-brown desert soils (including solonetzic varieties) and solonetzs
code 217 : Takyr, Takyr-like soils and solonetzs
code 218 : Bog frozen and mucky-peaty gley soils
code 219 : Mucky-peaty gley and bog frozen soils
code 220 : Mucky-peaty gley and bog peat soils
code 221 : Meadow, meadow-solonetzic, solonchakic and solonetzs
code 222 : Solonchaks and solonetzs
code 223 : Alluvial, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 224 : Tundra gley soils and soils of bare spots
code 225 : Wetland tundra (peat bog tundra) soils and bog frozen soils
code 226 : Solonetzs and brown desert-steppe soils (including solonetzic varieties)
code 227 : Tundra gley soils, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 228 : Wetland tundra (peat bog tundra), bog frozen and soils of bare spots
code 229 : Solonetzs and light chestnut soils (including solonetzic varieties)
code 230 : Solonetzs and Meadow-chestnut soils (including solonetzic varieties)
code 231 : Tundra gley, wetland tundra soils and soils of bare spots
code 232 : Wetland tundra, mucky-peaty gley and soils of bare spots
code 233 : Solonetzs, chestnut and dark chestnut soils
code 234 : (Tundra gley soils, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 235 : Wetland tundra, soils of bare spots
code 236 : Solonetzs, Meadow-chernozemic and chernozemic-meadow solonetzic soils
code 237 : Wetland tundra, soils of bare spots and cracks
code 238 : Wetland tundra, tundra gley and soils of bare spots.

Map compilation procedure:

The soil types layer has been obtained by generalizing the Russian Soils Map (1993) (scale - 1: 4 000 000) for the raster with 10 km/pix spatial resolution.

Data sources:

Russian Soils Map. scale 1 : 4 000 000. Roskartografiya Publishers, 1993.
 

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