Distribution and disease severity zone of Covered Smut of Oats (Ustilago kolleri Wille).

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist A.P. Dmitriev, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber.s Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution and zones of disease severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

On the map the zones of Loose Smut distribution and harmfulness are presented.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The areas of fungus distribution were determined according to the following sources: Ishkova et al. (2002), Levitin & Tuterev (2003). The zone of harmfulness was determined according to the following sources: Rudenko et al. (1966), Timoshenko (1973), Utesheva (1977), Karatyghin (1986).

Reference citations:

Ishkova T.I., Berestetskaya L.I., Gasich E.L., Levitin M.M., Vlasov L.Iu. 2002. Diagnostics of the main fungus diseases of cereal crops. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 76 p. (In Russian)
Karatygin I.V. 1986. Smuts of cereal crops. Leningrad: Nauka. 112 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Levitin M.M., Tuterev S.L. 2003. Fungal diseases of cereals crops. Zashchita rastenii i karantin, 11: 77. (In Russian)

Rudenko D.K., Grisenko G.V. 1966. Cereals smut. Distribution of pests and diseases on agricultural crops in 1965. Leningrad: VIZR. 131-142 p. (In Russian)

Timoshenko Z.V. 1973. Occurrence of oat-affecting smut fungi in the USSR. Mikologiya i fitopatologiya 7(4): 367-368. (In Russian)
Utesheva T.A. 1977. Distribution and harmfulness of oats smut in Northern Kazakhstan. Vestnik sel'skokhozyastvennoi nauki Kazakhstana, 2: 49-52. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004© A.P. Dmitriev, M.I. Saulich (map and description) and A.P. Dmitriev (picture).

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