Area and zones of severity of Clamp Rot of Sugar Beet (Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium spp., Rhizopus nigricans) .

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist L.B. Khlopunova,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on a map of the following scale: 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for Russia", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution and zones of disease severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the disease area a zone of high incidence (30 to 90% of roots are affected by Clamp Rot) was determined. The zone was determined according to a method described by Chumakov & Zakharova (1990).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. Clamp Rot of Sugar Beet is distributed everywhere within the zone of sugar beet cultivation; therefore the zone of distribution embraces the areas of industrial cultivation of sugar beet according to the vector layer compiled by Koroljeva et al. (2003). The zone of high severity includes the following areas based on the corresponding publications: Middle Asia (Alkhovskaya, 1959); Sumy, Poltava, Cherkasy, Kirovohrad, Mykolayiv, and Odessa Regions of Ukraine, some Regions of Central-Chernozem zone of Russia (Voronezh, Kursk, Belgorod), Tula Region and Krasnodar Territory according to Pozhar (1963), Toporovskaya (1975), Shevchenko (1959).

Reference citations:

Al'khovskaya T.F. 1969. Fungal diseases of sugar beet in Chu River valley of Kyrgyzstan. PhD Thesis. Tashkent: AN UzbSSR. 19 p. (In Russian)
Chumakov A.E., Zakharova T.I. 1990. Harmfulness of cultural plants diseases. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 127 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.
Pozhar Z.A. 1963. Diseases of sugar beet . In: Polyakov I.Ya., Chumakov A.E., eds. Distribution of pests and diseases in agricultural crops in the USSR in 1962 and the forecast of their appearance in 1963. Leningrad: VIZR. 218-225 p. (In Russian)
Shevchenko V.N. 1959. Clamp Rot of Sugar Beet. In: Savchenko E.N., ed. Beet Growing. V. 3. Kiev: Ukrsel'khozgiz (VNIS). 523-538 p. (In Russian)
Toporovskaya Yu.S. 1975. Peculiarities of development of mycoflora of Clamp Rot of Sugar Beet in connection with conditions of commercial storage of roots. In: Zubenko V.F., ed. Effective measures and manners of sugar beet protection against diseases. Kiev: VNIS. 138-146 p. (In Russian)

Rights and copyrights:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © L.B. Khlopunova & M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map, description), L.B. Khlopunova (VIZR, photo).

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