Area of distribution and severity of the Tuberculosis of Beet Xanthomonas beticola (Smith, Brown, Townsend) Savelescu.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist A.M. Lazarev,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consists of two thematic layers describing a zone of distribution of disease and a zone of high severity of bacteriosis on beet.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The area represents the disease distribution where the Tuberculosis of Beet has been revealed according to scientific publications. The zone of high disease severity is determined in those regions where plants have been damaged by 20% or more.

Procedure of map drawing:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials. The disease distribution is shown on map in territories of the former USSR (the Yaroslavl Region, Krasnodar and Altay Territories), and also in Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine (Gorlenko, 1947, 1966; Galach'yan, 1958, 1961; Yashnova, 1960; Yagudin, Shklyar, 1979; Spaar et al., 1980; Bilai et al., 1988).
The zone of high severity includes Armenia where the defeat of roots reaches 17-21% (Galach'yan, 1958). Specification of configuration of borders of area and zone of the disease severity is executed on the maps describing areas of the greatest distribution of crops of sugar beet (Koroleva et al., 2003) on a background of area of cultivation of fodder beet (Terekhina, 2004).

Sources of the data:

Bilai, V.I., Gvozdyak, R.I., Kraev, V.G., Ellanskaya, I.A., Zirka, T.I. & Muras, V.A. 1988. Microorganisms are the pathogens of diseases of plants. In: Bilai, V.I., ed. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 552 p. (in Russian)
Galach'yan R.M. 1958. The Tuberculosis of Beet in Armenia. In: Panosyan, A.K., ed. Voprosy mikrobiologii.Vol. I I I (IX). Yerevan: Izdatel.stvo AN Armenskoi SSR, p. 139-155 (in Russian).
Galach'yan, R. M. 1961. The ways of infection by the Tuberculosis of Beet. In: Panosyan, A.K., ed. Voprosy mikrobiologii.Vol. I (XI). Yerevan: Izdatel.stvo AN Armenskoi SSR, p. 41-52 (in Russian).
Gorlenko, M.V. 1947. A survey of geographical distribution of bacterial plant diseases in the USSR. Byulleten. obshchestva ispytatelei prirody, otdelenie biologii 32 (2): 61-70 (in Russian).
Gorlenko, M.V. 1966. Bacterial diseases of plants. In: Sokolov, N.A., ed. Moscow: Vysshya shkola, 291 p. (in Russian)
Shpaar, D, Cleinkhempel, G, Myuller, G. & Naumann, K. 1980. Bacterioses of cultural plants. Handbook Moscow: Kolos, 143 p. (in Russian)
Terekhina N.V. 2004. The area of Fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp vulgaris var. alba). www.agroatlas.spb.ru .
Yagudin, V.D., Shklyar, S.N. 1979. Bacterial diseases of plants In: Izrail.skii, V.P., ed. Moscow: Kolos, 288 p. (in Russian)
Yashnova, N.V. 1960. The Tuberculosis of Beet. In: Izrail.skii, V.P., ed. Bacterial diseases of plants. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo selskokhozuaistvennoi literatuty, p.262-266 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © A.M. Lazarev & M.I.Saulich (VIZR; raster map); A.M. Lazarev (VIZR, description, vector map).

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