Area of distribution and disease severity of Holo Blight of Bean Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola (Burkholder)Young et al.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists A.M. Lazarev,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consists of three thematic layers describing zones of distribution and high disease severity on beans.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The area represents the disease distribution where the Holo Blight of bean has been revealed according to scientific publications. The zone of high disease severity is determined in those regions where epiphytotics arise sporadically and more than 20% of the plants are diseased.

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials. The disease is widely distributed in all territories of the former USSR, where this culture is growing; i.e., in Russian Federation (Vzorov, 1938; Gorlenko, 1947, 1949, 1966, 1971; Gerasimov & Osnitskaya, 1961; Kiryukhina, 1979; Shpaar et al., 1980; Korsakov, 1982; Bilai et al., 1988; Pavlyushin, 2006), Uzbekistan, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine (Vzorov, 1938; Gorlenko, 1947, 1949, 1971; Izrail.skii, 1960; Kazenas, 1965; Kiryukhina, 1979; Korsakov, 1982; Bilai et al., 1988). The zone of high disease severity is distinguished, including Moldova (Gorlenko, 1966; Kunichenko, 1985). Specification of configuration of borders of the disease area is executed on a map of distribution of bean, proposed by Terekhina N.V. & Buravtseva T.V. (2004).

Reference citations:

Bilai V.I., Gvozdyak R.I., Skripal I.G., Kraev V.G., Ellanskaya I.A., Zirka T.I. & Muras V.A. 1988. In: Bilai V.I., ed. Microorganisms - pathogens of diseases of plants. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, p. 254-255 (in Russian).
Chumaevskaya M.A. 1982. Results of studying bacterial diseases of plants in the USSR. Biologicheskie nauki 8: 5-19 (in Russian).
Gerasimov B. & Osnitskaya E. 1961. Pests and diseases of vegetable cultures. In: Savzdarg V.E., ed. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo selskokhozyaistvennoi literatury, zhurnalov i plakatov, p. 358-361 (in Russian).
Gorlenko M.V. 1947. A survey of geographical distribution of bacterial plant diseases in the USSR. Byulleten obshchestva ispytatelei prirody, otdelenie biologii 32 (2): 61-70 (in Russian).
Gorlenko M.V. 1949. Results of studying bacterial diseases in the USSR for 30 years (1917-1947). Mikrobiologiya 18 (1): 71-81 (in Russian).
Gorlenko M.V. 1966. Bacterial diseases of plants. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. 291 p. (in Russian).
Izrail.skii V.P. 1960. Bacterioses of leguminous plants. In: Izrail.skii V.P., ed. Bacterioses of plants. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo selskokhozyaistvennoi literatury, p.221-227 (in Russian).
Kazenas L.D. 1965. Diseases of agricultural plants of Kazakhstan. In: Jundin I.A., ed. Alma-Ata: Kainar, p. 227-228 (in Russian).
Kiryukhina R.I., ed. 1979. Diagnostics of bacterial diseases of leguminous cultures and measures of their control. Methodical recommendations. Moscow: Kolos. 28 p. (in Russian).
Korsakov N.I., ed. 1982. Investigation and diagnostics of pathogens of bacterioses, studying resistance of annual leguminous cultures to them. Methodical instructions. Leningrad: VIR. 90 p. (in Russian).
Kunichenko N.A. 1985. Bacterioses of vegetable cultures in Moldova. In: Gvozdyak R.I., ed. Bacterial diseases of plants (Abstracts of reports). Part 2. Kiev: Naukova dumka, p. 67-68 (in Russian).
Pavlyushin V.A., ed. 2006. Bacterioses of leguminous cultures and measure of their control (Methodical recommendations). St. Petersburg: VIZR. 41 p. (in Russian).
Shpaar D., Kleinkhempel G., Myuller G. & Naumann K. 1980. Bacterioses of cultural plants. Handbook. Moscow: Kolos. 143 p. (in Russian).
Terekhina N.V. & Buravtseva T.V. 2003. Area of Phaseolus vulgaris L. www.agroatlas.spb.ru .
Vzorov V.I. 1938. Species and spreading of bacterioses of agricultural plants in the Soviet Union. In: Borover S.Ya., ed. Byulleten Rostovskoi stantsii zashchity rastenii 9: 87-91 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © A.M. Lazarev (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map).

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