Distribution area of Black Point of barley (A. alternata (Fr.) Keissler, A. tenuissima (Kunze ex Nees et T. Nees: Fries) Wiltshire, A. infectoria Simmons)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist Ph.B. Gannibal, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1:33 000 000


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

It is a vector map of 1 thematic layer where the disease area of distribution is presented by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Determination of the disease area has been done according to a vector layer of a map of barley crops distribution.

Procedure of map drawing:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials. The Black Point of barley has been found in Lithuania (Shpokauskene, 1987), Latvia (Belitska, 1976), Leningrad Region (Gannibal, 2005), Byelorussia (Buga, Linnik, 1978), Ukraine (Kirilenko, 1971; Manzhula, 1990), Central Chernozem region (Svetov, 1987), Moscow Region (Barbayanova, Radun, 1989), Krasnodar Territory (Sirenko, 1990), Nizhni Novgorod Region (Mukhina, 1990), Georgia (Vardosanidze, Siradze, 1962), Armenia (Senekerimyan, 1971), Azerbaijan (Akhmedov, 1984), northern Kazakhstan (Gorodilova, 1964), Ural (Azin, Korobeinikova, 1967), Omsk, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo Regions and in Altai (Chulkina et al., 1974; Burenok, 1977). The distribution area was enlarged by additional regions belonging to the same ecogeographic district (Anon., 2002) that the regions mentioned in the publications.

Sources of the data:

Akhmedov S. A. O. (1984) Fungal diseases of barley transmitting by seeds and protection against them in Azerbaijan SSR. Ph.D. thesis. Leningrad: Research Institute of Plant Protection. 23 pp. [In Russian].
Azin L. A., Korobejnikova A. V. (1967) Influence of fungal microorganisms on reduction of wheat and barley seed quality during storage // Collection of works of Ural Research Institute of Agriculture. Ed. A. P. Kalashnikov. Vol. 7. Sverdlovsk: Ural Research Institute of Agriculture. P. 224.232. [In Russian].
Barbayanova T. A., Radun F. L. (1989) Species complex of agents of black point of grass seeds in Moscow region and their harmfulness // Plant protection in the presence of intensive technologies. Collection of works. Moscow: Institute of Phytopathology. P. 78.85. [In Russian].
Belitska I. (1976) Investigation of mycoflora influence on barley seed quality in western Latvian SSR // Crop protection from pests, diseases and weeds. Ed. V. Eglitis. Riga: Zinatne. P. 69.75. [In Russian].
Buga S. F., Linnik L. I. (1978) Infection of barley seeds by phytopathogenic fungi in different agroecological regions of Republic // Plant protection. Collection of research works. Ed. In chief A. L. Ambrosov. Minsk: Byelorussian Institute of Plant Protection. Vol. 2. P. 14.19. [In Russian].
Burenoc V. P. (1977) Affection of seeds of spring wheat and barley by fungal diseases // Collection of works of Kemerovo State Regional Agricultural Experimental Station. Kemerovo: Kemerovo publishing house. Vol. 9. P. 64.69. [In Russian].
Chulkina V. A., Tabakaev B. N., Plachotnyuk V. E. (1974) Some features of infection of spring wheat and barley by phytopathogenic fungi in different ecological zones of Western Siberia // Protection against pests and diseases of crops. Scientific and technical bulletin. Eds. N. Ya. Kuznetsov et al. Novosibirsk: Siberian Research Institute of Agriculture Chemistry. Vol. 12. P. 3.11. [In Russian].
Gannibal Ph. B. (2004) Small-spored species of the genus Alternaria on grasses // Mycology and Phytopathology. Vol. 38, № 3. P. 19.28. [In Russian].
Gannibal Ph. B. (2005) Alternaria diseases of cereals in NW Russia and N Europe // Crop protection conference. Management aspects of crop protection and sustainable agriculture: research, development and information systems. Abstracts. St. Petersburg . Pushkin. 2005. 25.26. [In Russian].
Gorodilova L. M. (1964) The black point and protection from it // Agriculture of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata. Vol. 1. P. 35. [In Russian].
Kirilenko T. S. (1971) Fungal species of the Dematiaceae family in the rhizosphere of barley and oat in Ukrainian SSR // Mycology and Phytopathology. Vol. 5, №. 1. P. 9.15. [In Russian].
Krutova N. P. (1978) Species composition and role of certain pathogens of cereal seeds in Voronezh region // Collection of works for agricultural industry. Eds. A. I. Lakhidov et al. Voronezh: Central Chernozemny book publishing house. Vol. 5, №5. P. 18.
Manzhula L. A. (1990) Alternariosis of spring barley in south-eastern steppe of Ukraine and its role in reduction of seed quality // Ecological problems of plant protection. Abstracts. Leningrad: Research Institute of Plant Protection. P. 92.93. [In Russian].
Mukhina M. Yu. (1990) Diseases of barley seeds in Gorky region // Ecological and genetic research of resistance and productiveness of populations. Ed. O. V. Kapralova. Nizhny Novgorod: Nizhegorodsky State University. P. 81.86. [In Russian].
Senekerimyan Ya. A. (1971) Pathogenic mycoflora of wheat and barley seeds // Abstracts of Trans-Caucasian council for coordination of research work in plant protection. Yerevan: Armenian Research Institute of Plant Protection. P. 201.204. [In Russian].
Shpokauskene O. Yu. (1987) Fungi infesting internal tissues of barley seeds // Crop protection in the presence of intensive technologies. Abstracts of applied research conference. Minsk: Byelorussian Institute of Plant Protection. Part. 2. V. 169.170. [In Russian].
Simmons E. G. (1967) Typification of Alternaria, Stemphylium, and Ulocladium // Mycologia. Vol. 59. P. 67.92.
Simmons, E. G. (1986) Alternaria themes and variations (22.26) // Mycotaxon. Vol. 25, № 1. P. 287.308.
Simmons, E. G. (1990) Alternaria themes and variations (27.53) // Mycotaxon. Vol. 37. P. 79.119.
Sirenko A. S. (1990) Role of seeds in the distribution of fungal diseases of winter barley // Cereal crop protection from diseases and pests in the presence of intensive technologies of agriculture. Collection of research works. Ed. M. I. Zazimko. Krasnodar: Krasnodar Research Institute of Agriculture. P. 41.44. [In Russian].
State list of selection achievements approved for use (2002) Moscow: Ministry of Agriculture. 214 pp.
Svetov V. G. (1987) Fungal infection of cereal seeds in Central Chernozem region // Scientific and technical bulletin. Kursk: Research Institute of Agriculture and Soil Sciences. Vol. 1 (52). P. 53.57. [In Russian].
Rotem J. (1994) The genus Alternaria. Biology, epidemiology and pathogenicity. St. Paul: APS Press. 326 p.
Vardosanidze V. O., Siradze Sh. K. (1962) Research of wheat and barley seed diseases in Georgia // Collection of works of Georgian Agricultural Institute. Ed. I. F. Sarishvili. Georgian Agricultural Institute. Vol 58. P. 199.201. [In Russian].

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 Ph.B. Gannibal (VIZR; description, raster map and picture) and M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map).

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