Area of Barley Covered Smut (pathogen . Ustilago hordei (Pers.) Lagerh )

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist O.S. Afanasenko, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:33 000.000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution and zones of disease severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Only the area of species distribution which coincides with the industrial cultivation of barley was mapped.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The following sources were used in determining the life cycle and host-plants of the pathogen: Ishkova et al. (2000), Almuratov (1971), Mathre (1997). The zone of disease distribution was determined according to the following sources: Ishkova et al. (2000), Chumakov (1962), Stepanovskikh (1991), Novozhilov & Zakharenko (2000).

Reference citations:

Almuratov N. 1971. Features of teliospores germination of causal agent of covered Smut on the South-East of Kazakhstan. Vestnik sel.skokhozyaistvennoi nauki, Alma-Ata, 7: 40-43. (In Russian)
Chumakov A.E. 1962. Forecasting distribution of main diseases of field cultures for 1962. Plant Protection against pests and diseases, 3: 47-49. (In Russian)
Ishkova T.I., Berestetskaya L.I., Gasich E.L., Levitin M.M., Vlasov D.Yu. 2000. Diagnostic of the main diseases of cereals. Saint Petersburg: VIZR. 76 p. (In Russian)
Jayasena K., Loughman R. 2001. Leaf diseases of barley. Farmnote. Agriculture Western Australia, 65: 4.
Kazenas L.D. 1974. Diseases of Agricultural Crops in Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Kainar. 366 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Mathre D.E., ed. 1997. Compendium of barley diseases. St. Paul, Minnesota: APS PRESS. 90 p.
Novozhilov K.V., Zakharenko V.A., eds. 2000. Levels and tendencies of variability of species composition and intrapopulation structure, areas of complexes of harmful and useful organisms and forecast of dangerous phytosanitary situations in zones of the country. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 100 p. (In Russian)
Rebenko V.P. 1968. Harmfulness of Barley Covered Smut and plant protection against it. Experimental station to practical agriculture. Donetsk. 125-129. (In Russian)
Stepanovskikh A.S. 1991. Smut Diseases of Barley. Abstract of PhD Thesis. Novosibirsk. 44 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © O.S. Afanasenko & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description). Picture is borrowed from the publication of Jayasena K., Loughman R. (2001).

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