Area and zones of severity of Dry Head Rot of Sunflower (Rhizopus stolonifer var. stolonifer (Ehrenb.) Vuill.).

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist - V.I.Yakutkin,
GIS specialist - M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR ", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map having three layers where the area of sunflower and zone of severity of Dry Head Rot are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

In the sunflower area within the former USSR, two zones of severity of Dry Head Rot are determined; i.e., the zone of high severity, where crop losses reach 25% (Tikhonov, 1975), and the zone of low severity, where crop losses are about 5% (Yakutkin, unpubl.).

Method of map production:

Published data are used for map drawing (Gorlenko, 1968; Tikhonov, 1975; Kukin, 1982). Unpublished data of the author are also used. The disease area includes territories of the former USSR where sunflower is growing. Zone of high severity of the disease includes the southern part of Central Black Soil Region, the Northern Caucasus, central and southern parts of the Middle Volga Region, southern Ural and Siberia in Russia; Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Moldova. Zone of low severity includes the other parts of Russia where sunflower is growing. Specification of the disease area and zones severity is carried out on vector map of regions of the sunflower greatest distribution according to I.E. Koroleva et al. (2003).

Reference citations:

Gorlenko M.V. 1968. Diseases of sunflower. In: Agricultural Phytopathology. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, p. 206 (in Russian).
Koroleva I.E., Vilchevskaya E.V., Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Computer map of distribution of sunflower. Moscow: Laboratory of Soil Informatics of Dokuchaev Soil Institute (in Russian).
Kukin V.F. 1982. Diseases of sunflower and their control. Moscow: Kolos, 80 p. (in Russian).
Tikhonov O.I. 1975. Diseases of sunflower. In: V.S. Pustovoit, ed. Sunflower. Moscow: Kolos, p. 414-415 (in Russian).

Rights and a copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © V.I.Yakutkin (VIZR, description and mapping zone of disease manifestation) and M.I.Saulich (vector map).

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