Distribution and harmfulness of pink snow mold (Microdochium nivale (Fr.) Samuels & I.C. Hallett = Fusarium nivale Ces. ex Berl. & Voglino).

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist E.I. Gultyaeva, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Created using maps of natural scale 1:40 000 000.


"Alber.s Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Consists of 3 layers characterizing the disease distribution on wheat and legend.

Accuracy of classifier.

Disease distribution area is divided into three zones of disease severity: high (>30% infection), moderate (10-30% infection), and low (<10% infection) according to Chumakov and Zaharova (1990). Zones of distribution and harmfulness were identified by a review of published scientific materials.

Method of map production:

Definition of disease distribution was carried out on vector layer of regions where wheat is grown. Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Anon. 2001. Prediction of diseases and pests appearance and distribution on agricultural crops in 2001. Nishnii Novgorod: Regional Plant Protection Station. 8-9 pp. (In Russian)
Chumakov A.E., Zakharova T.I. 1990. Harmfulness of cultivated plant diseases. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 127 pp.
Ishkova T.I., Berestetskaya L.I., Gasich E.V., Vlasov D.Y. 2001. Methodical instruction for diagnostics of major cereal fungal diseases. Saint Petersburg: VIZR. 22-24 pp. (In Russian)
Sanin S.S., Nasarova L.N., Sokolova E.A., Ibragimov T.S. 1999. Health of cereal fields. Zashchita i karantin rastenii 2: 28-31. (In Russian)
Sergeenko V.I. 1984. Biological characteristics of the agents of rye snow mold (Fusarium nivale/Fr./Ces.) and creation of primary resistant materials. Ph.D. Thesis. Minsk, Samokhvalovichi: Byelorussian Institute of Potato and Fruit-Vegetable crops. 16 pp. (In Russian)
Shipilova N.P. 2003. Systematic of fungi of the genus Fusarium. In: Dyakov Yu., Sergeeva Yu., editors. News in systematics and nomenclature of fungi. Moscow: Nauka. 192-219 pp. (In Russian)
Zakharenko V.A., Kuzmichev A.A., Plotnikov V.F., et al. 2000. Extent and trends of species composition and population structure changes, areas of harmful and useful organisms complexes, and forecast of dangerous phytosanitary situations in Russian regions. St. Petersburg: RASKhN. 1-100 pp. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved; Copyright 2003 © E.I. Gultyaeva, M.I. Saulich (map and description) and E.I. Gultyaeva (picture).

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