Distribution of moulds (Aspergillus Link spp., Penicillum Link. spp., Trichothecim roseum Fr., Mucor mucedo Fres, Rhizopus nigricans Ehr.) on wheat seeds

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist E.I.Gultyaeva, GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Create using maps of natural scale 1: 40 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map consisting of polygon characterizing disease distribution on wheat.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Disease distribution is based on compilation of open published materials (Semenov, 1977); (Zhukova, 1982); (Bel'kov, 1983); (Ilyukhina & Fedorova, 1989); (Peresypkin, 1989); (Ishkova et al., 2001); (Potlaichuk & Chernysheva, 1991). All regions where wheat is grown on territory of former USSR are included.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. Zone of moulds distribution on wheat seeds is based on the distribution of wheat cultivation in the Former Soviet Union, since grain moulds are due to improper storage conditions in granaries and are not linked to growing environment. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite mold distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference Citations:

Bel'kov G.A. 1983. Mould seed infection under conditions of different agricultural growing practices of winter wheat. Collection of scientific reports of Odessa agricultural institute: Biological and agrotechnical basis of growing practices of cereal and leguminous crops on south of Ukraine. Odessa. 93-96 pp. (In Russian)
Chernyshova E.P. 1991. Phytosanitary estimation of winter wheat seeds in different nature-climatic zones of Stavropol' Territory. Proceeding of science-practical conference: Agrometeorological resources and productive process in crop production. Mart 18-21. Kiev. 108-109 pp. (In Russian)
Ilukhina М.K., Fedorova R.N. 1989. About species composition of microorganisms on wheat seeds growing in Central Black Earth Region. Plant protection in intensive technology of agricultural crops growing. Voronezh: All Russian Institute of Plant Protection. 114-121 pp. (In Russian)
Ishkova T.I., Berestetskaya L.I., Gasich E.V., Vlasov D.Y. 2001. Methodical instruction for diagnostics of major cereal fungal diseases. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 22-24 pp. (In Russian)
Peresypkin V.F. 1989. Agricultural Plant Pathology. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 480 pp. (In Russian)
Potlaichuk V.I., Semenov A.Ya. 1977. Seed microflora of spring wheat and rice in different growing zones. Bulletin of All-Union Institute of Plant Protection. Leningrad: VASKhNIL. N.40: 40-44. (In Russian)
Sanin S.A. 2000. To increase the level of phytosanitary safety of the country. Zashchita rastenii i karantin N12: 3-7 pp. (In Russian)
Semenov A.Ya., Fedorova R.N. 1984. Infection of grain seeds. Moscow: Kolos. 96 pp. (In Russian)
Zhukova М.V. 1982. Some Penicillum species found in wheat seeds. Мikologiya i fitopatologiya 16(3): 491-495. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2003(c) E.I.Gultyaeva & M.I.Saulich (vector map and description); E.I.Gultyaeva (photo).

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