Distribution and harmfulness of Sclerotinia Snow Mold (Sclerotinia borealis Bubak et Vleugel).

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist - E.I. Gultyaeva, GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of map of natural scale 1: 40 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 1, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution and zones of disease severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The zones of distribution and harm were determined according to the analysis of open-published materials. The area in FSU is presented by foci in regions where the disease has 1) high level of harm, and 2) weak level of harm or occurs irregularly.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. A map published by Tupenevich (1939) was used as the base map and was adjusted according to other published maps (Tupenevich, 1965; Sanin, 2000)

Reference citations:

Chumakov A.E. 1961. Mold of winter cereals. Distribution of insects and diseases of agricultural crops in RSFSR in 1960 and prediction of their appearance in 1961. Leningrad: VASKNIL, VIZR. 73-75 p. (In Russian)
Klaptsova N.K. 1947. Sclerotinia on winter cereals in Chelyabinsk Region and protection measures. Chelyabinsk: ChelyabGIZ. 22p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Sanin S.A. 2000. To increase the level of phytosanitary safety of the country. Zashchita rastenii i karantin, 12: 3-7. (In Russian)
Shalavin A.I. 1960. Preservation of winter cereals against sclerotinia. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei I boleznei, 9: 23-24. (In Russian)
Tupenevich S.M. 1939. Sclerotinia on cereals in Kirov Region and Udmurtskaya ASSR. Reports of Kirov Science-research Institute of regional ethnography. Kirov: Kirov Publishing House. V. 16: 32. (In Russian)
Tupenevich S.M. 1940. The causes of outbreaks of severe development of Sclerotinia and Fusarium nivale on winter sowing and withering of agricultural crops. Summury of the scientific research work of the Institute of plant protection for the year 1939. Leningrad: Sel.khozgiz. 67-71 p. (In Russian)
Tupenevich S.M. 1965. Mold of winter crops. Reports of All Russian Science-Research Institute of Plant Protection: Distribution of insects and diseases of agricultural crops in RSFSR in 1964. Leningrad: Kolos. V. 25: 118-120. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2003© E.I. Gultyaeva & M.I. Saulich (vector map and description); E.I. Gultyaeva (photo).

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