Distribution of common bunt (Tilletia caries and Tilletia laevis )

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist E.I. Gultyaeva,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1: 40 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution and zones of disease severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Area in the FSU and Baltic countries is presented by zones including all regions where loose smut wheat was registered according to data published. Zones of disease distribution are shown on the map. Extent of harmfulness caused by common bunt fluctuates annually and depends on carrying out prophylactic actions (seed dressing and resistant varieties usage).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized.

Reference citations:

Karatygin I.V. 1986. Agents of cereal smut. Leningrad: Nauka. 112 pp. (In Russian)
Konovalova V.P., Chaika B.G. 1981. Damage of seed-growing wheat crops by Covered smut, depending on infection amount and reproduction conditions. Collection of papers: Reproductive process and crops yield. Odessa. 107-114 pp. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Krivchenko V.I. 1984. Resistance of cereals to smut fungi. Moscow: Kolos. 304 pp. (In Russian)
Pronina M.M. 1982. Covered smut in Saratov region. Zashchita rastenii, 12: 46. (In Russian)
Sanin S.S., Nasarova L.N., Sokolova E.A., Ibragimov T.S. 1999. Health of cereals fields. Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 2: 28-31. (In Russian)
Varenitsa E.T., Mozgovoi A.F., Smirnitskaya P.P. 1977. Harmfulness of winter wheat head smut in the Non-Black Earth Zone and selection of resistant varieties. Vestnik selТskokhozyaistvennoi nauki, 9: 30-32. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved; Copyright 2003 E.I. Gultyaeva, M.I. Saulich (map and description) and T.I. Ishkova (picture).

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