Distribution of loose smut (Ustilago tritici )

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist E.I. Gultyaeva, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1: 40 000 000.


"Alber.s Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution and zones of disease severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Area in the FSU and Baltic countries is presented as zones including all regions where loose smut of wheat was registered according to data published.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized.

Reference citations:

Druzhinina A.E., Krupnov V.A. 2000. Influence of environmental conditions for infection of spring wheat by loose smut in Volga region. Doklady Rossiiskoi academii selskokhozyaistvennykh nauk, 2: 16-18. (In Russian)
Karatygin I.V. 1986. Agents of cereal smut. Leningrad: Nauka. 112 pp. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Krivchenko V.I. 1984. Resistance of cereals to smut fungi. Moscow: Kolos. 304 pp. (In Russian)
Sanin S.S., Nasarova L.N., Sokolova E.A., Ibragimov T.S. 1999. Health of cereals fields. Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 2: 28-31. (In Russian)
Tymchenko L.F. 1969. Loose smut of spring wheat in Non-Chernozem zone. PhD Thesis. Moscow: State Lomonosov University. 20 pp. (In Russian)
Zakharenko V.A., Kuzmichev A.A., Plotnikov V.F., Pavlyushin V.A., Novozhilov K.V., Dolzhenko V.I., Nasedkina G.A.; Grichanov, I.Ya. 2000. Extent and trends of species composition and population structure changes, areas of harmful and useful organisms complexes, and forecast of dangerous phytosanitary situations in Russian regions. St. Petersburg, RASKhN. 1-100 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved; Copyright 2003 © E.I. Gultyaeva, M.I. Saulich (map and description) and E.I. Gultyaeva (picture).

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