Area of distribution and damage of Acleris variegana Den. et Schiff.

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Scientists - Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov,
GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open published literature and maps of scale 1: 33,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the limits of the general area in the territory of the former USSR only a zone of low damage was allocated. Here the pest has economic significance with the following economic thresholds: 5-8% damaged buds or 3 caterpillars per running meter before flowering of fruit cultures (in a phase of green tops); 15 caterpillars per 100 rosettes during red bed phase (Dolzhenko, 2004). According to the following sources, A. variegana occasionally causes considerable damage to generative organs in some orchards: Kostyuk (1980), Kuznetsov (1994); but generally the pest is counted together with all orchard pests. Treatments against bud pests and Codling Moth also reduce the A. variegana population density.

Method of map production:

Distribution area in the former USSR outlined according to the following reference data on the species: Romanova (1949), Minder (1959), Galetenko (1960), Fal.kovich (1962), Kostyuk (1974, 1980), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Kuznetsov (1994, 2001) and others listed below. In the European part of Russia it passes from the border of Finland and Karelia (Kullberg et al., 2001) through Region - Komi Republic - Kirov Region - Udmurtia - Tatarstan according to the following sources: Sedykh (1974), Kostyuk (1980). In Middle Asia the species is known from Tajikistan (Sherniyazova, 1974) and Turkmenistan according to Krasil.nikova (1967) and Dubatolov (2000). High mountains of the Caucasus and desert lands of the Caspian Depression excluded from the area. Almaty Region of Kazakhstan included in the area based on research by Danilevskii & Kuznetsov (1962) and Kuznetsov (2001). Southern West Siberia included based on the following sources: Kostyuk (1974, 1980), Babenko (1982), Kuznetsov (1994, 2001). There is a single record from Ulan-Ude (Kostyuk, 1980). The species is absent in the Far East. The zone of low damage includes the steppe zone of Ukraine, as well as Transcarpathia. It was adjusted along the borders of steppe zone (Barysheva et al., 1992) and along areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984) and apple trees (Terekhina, 2005).

Reference citations:

Babenko Z.S. 1982. Phytophagous insects of fruit and berry plants in forest zone of Ob River Region. Tomsk: Tomsk University. 268 p. (in Russian).
Barysheva Yu.A., Bruk S.I., Dmitriev A.V., Stroev K.V., Sutormin A.I., Shashko D.I., Yagust S.I. 1992. Zones of soil-vegetation types. Geographical Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Com. Geodesy and cartography of the USSR. 48 p. (in Russian).
D.yakonov A.M., Kozhanchikov I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavlovskii E.N., Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 179-198 p. (in Russian).
Danilevskii A.S., Kuznetsov V.I., Fal.kovich M.I. 1962. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) in montane areas of Kazakhstan. In: Marikovskii P.I., ed. Materials on study of insects of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR. 69-117 p. (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (in Russian).
Dubatolov V.V. 2000. Tortricidae - Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Novosibirsk: .
Fal.kovich M.I. 1962. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of Leningrad Region. In: Stackelberg A.A., ed. Fauna of Leningrad Region and Karelia. Materials on invertebrate fauna. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 48-80 p. (in Russian).
Galetenko S.M. 1960. Tortricid pests of orchards in Crimea. In: Livshits I.Z., ed. Pests and diseases of fruit and decorative plants. Proc. State Bot. Garden. V. 33. Yalta: Nikitskii State Bot. Garden. 157-192 p. (in Russian).
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1974. Family Tortricidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 261-320 p. (in Russian).
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1980. Tortricidae. Issue 10. Tortricinae. In: Dolin V.G., ed. Fauna of Ukraine. V. 15. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 424 p. (In Ukrainian)
Krasil.nikova G.A. 1967. Review of Lepidoptera damaging fruiters in SW Turkmenistan. In: Mizgireva O.F., ed. Proc. Turkmen. Res. Station VIR. Issue 4. Ashkhabad: VIR. 223-273 p. (in Russian).
Kullberg J., Albrecht A., Kaila L., Varis V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki), 6(2): 1-190.
Kuznetsov V.I. 1994. Family Tortricidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 51-234 p. (in Russian).
Pustovarov V.V. 1975. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of the genus Acleris Hbn. In forests of SE Armenia. Biologicheskii zhurnal Armenii (Yerevan), 28(4): 91-93. (in Russian).
Romanova V.P. 1949. Leafrollers and their parasites on forest trees in environs of Rostov-na-Donu. Proc. Biol. Inst. V. 15(6). Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov University. 47-61 p. (in Russian).
Sedykh K.F. 1974. Animal world of Komi ASSR. Invertebrates. Syktyvkar: Komi Publishing House. 189 p. (in Russian).
Sherniyazova R.M. 1974. Tortricidae, Lepidoptera of trees and bushes in Varzob Gorge (Tajikistan). Izvestiya AN Tadzhik SSR. Biol. n. (Dushanbe), 54(1): 48-53. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map,); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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