Area of distribution and damage of Adelphocoris lineolatus Goeze

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 17 000 000 and 1:36 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The Lucerne Plantbug area covers all the main regions of industrial cultivation of perennial legume crops in the former USSR. Within the limits of the general area two zones were allocated, i.e., zones of moderate and low damage. In the zone of moderate damage the pest population density can reach 20-30 and more bugs per 100 net sweeps during budding of legumes under favorable conditions, and also 2-3 and more adult bugs per 1 m2 on beet sprouts. In the zone of moderate damage the pest population density does not usually exceed 20-30 bugs per 100 net sweeps during budding of legumes under the same conditions, and also 2-3 adult bugs per 1 m2 on beet sprouts (Dolzhenko, 2004).

Method of map production:

The Lucerne Plantbug area was outlined according to the following reference data on the species distribution: Yakhontov (1953), Kolobova (1953), Puchkov (1959, 1966, 1973), Polyakov et al. (1983), Eshmanov (1982), Khairullin (2004) and according to the collection of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Science. Northern border of the species area in the European part reaches southern districts of Karelia (62°30' N), Vologda, Kirov, Sverdlovsk Regions, and Republic of Komi and it includes the Volga Basin Region, Northern Caucasus and Transcaucasia according to the following sources: Sedykh (1974), Shernin (1974), Puchkov (1959, 1966, 1973), Moroshkina (1939), Zaitseva (1954), Ivanov & Medvedev (1970), Khairullin (2004). In Central Asia and Kazakhstan the pest occurs everywhere except for sandy deserts according to the following sources: Kirichenko (1949, 1954), Asanova (1962), Puchkov (1966), Blyummer (1982), Eshmanov (1982), Sagitov & Ismukhambetov (2004); in mountains reaching height of 3 km above sea level. (Anzob Pass in Tajikistan). In Siberia and the Far East (including Southern Sakhalin and Kunashir I.) the species is known in all steppe and forest-steppe zones, and also in steppe and meadow plots in the forest zone according to the following sources: Sannikova (1964), Mostovaya (1981), Kerzhner (1973), Puchkov (1973). The northernmost points of its collection are located in Yakutia, i.e., in vicinities of Lensk, Vilyuisk, Yakutsk and Ust.-Nera populated places (coll. ZIN; shown by dots). Northern border of the zone of deciduous forest (Chikov, 1983) reflects in the best way the literature and collection materials. The high mountains of the Caucasus and Central Asia (higher than 3000 m above sea level), as well as sandy deserts of Northern Caspian Depression, Kazakhstan, and Central Asia, were excluded from the area. The zone of moderate damage includes the area industrial cultivation of lucerne and other perennial fodder grasses (Tochenov, 1984) within the limits of forest-steppe zone eastward to Altai and adjoining areas in the northern steppe zone, and also the Northern Caucasus and Central Asia based on the following sources: Kirichenko (1949), Yakhontov (1953), Kolobova (1953), Puchkov (1966, 1972), Polyakov et al. (1983), Blyummer (1988), Piven. et al. (2004). The zone of low damage covers the rest of the territory of industrial cultivation of perennial leguminous grasses according to the following sources: Polyakov et al. (1983), Naryadkin et al. (2000), Zhvakina et al. (2002).

Reference citations:

Asanova R.B. 1962. True Hemiptera - Heteroptera of central Kazakhstan. In: Marikovskii P.I., ed. Materials on studying insects of Kazakhstan. Proc. of Institute of Zoology. V. 18. Alma-Ata: AN KazSSR. 117-130 p. (In Russian)
Blyummer A.G. 1988. Hemiptera in cotton agrobiocoenosis in Tashkent Region. In: Kadyrov M.K., ed. Arthropods in cotton agrobiocenosis and desert biocenoses in Uzbekistan. Tashkent: Fan. 24-28 p. (In Russian)
Chikov P.S., ed. 1983. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 340 p. (In Russian)
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (In Russian)
Eshmanov A. 1982. Harmful bugs and their control. Sel.skoe khozyaistvo Uzbekistana 3: 44-45. (In Russian)
Ivanov A.V., Medvedev G.A. 1970. Pests and yield of Lucerne. Zashchita rastenii 11: 16-17. (In Russian)
Kerzhner I.M. 1973. To the fauna of Heteroptera of Tuva ASSR. In: Yudin B.S., ed. Fauna of Siberia. Issue 16. Proc. of Biol. Inst. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 78-79 p. (In Russian)
Khairullin Kh.G. 2004. Pests of perennial grasses. In: Sadriev A.Kh., ed. Phytosanitary forecasts of main pesys and diseases of agricultural crops for 2004 and a system of their control in Republic of Tatarstan. Kazan.: STAZR. 26-27 p. (In Russian)
Kirichenko A.N. 1949. Hemiptera (Heteroptera). In: Pavlovskii E.N., Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 110-116 p. (In Russian)
Kirichenko A.N. 1954. Review of true Hemiptera of areas of middle and lower Ural River and of Volga-Ural interfluve. In: Pavlova E.I., ed. Proc. of Zoological Institute. V. 16. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 321-351 p. (In Russian)
Kolobova A.N. 1953. Fluctuations of the Lucerne Plantbug population density in connection with changes of meteorological conditions. Zoologicheskii zhurnal 32(3): 449-436. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Moroshkina O.S., Akimova A.S. 1939. The Lucerne Plantbug and its control. Rostov-na Donu: Rostov regional experimental station. 36 p. (In Russian)
Mostovaya R.N. 1981. Studying species structure of bugs, their population dynamics number and nocuity on seed sugar beet. In: Zubenko V.F., ed. Problems of increase of production efficiency of sugar beet in Altai Territory (Collection of works of Biisk experimental-selection station). Kiev: VNIISS. 114-119 p. (In Russian)
Naryadkin Yu.G., Sosnin A.N., Yanchurkin V.S., Nesterova L.I. 2000. Handbook for farmers of the Saratov Region. Part II. Agriculture, plant cultivation. Saratov: (In Russian)
Piven. V.T., Shulyak I.I., Muradasilova N.V. 2004. Sunflower protection. Part II. Pests. (Zashchita i karantin rastenii 4). All-Russian research institute of oil-bearing cultures. Russia: (In Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Kandybina M.N. 1983. Number of pests and entomophages of annual and perennial grasses and leguminous cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of annual and perennial grasses and leguminous cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 6-39 p. (In Russian)
Puchkov V.G. 1959. Hemiptera (Heteroptera). In: Savchenko E.N., ed. Beet growing. V. 3(1). Kiev: Sel.khozgiz UkrSSR. 253-266 p. (In Russian)
Puchkov V.G. 1966. Main Miridae - agricultural pests. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 71 p. (In Russian)
Puchkov V.G. 1972. Hemiptera (Heteroptera). In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., Dantsig E.M., eds. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 1. Primitive insects. Leningrad: Nauka. 222-262 p. (In Russian)
Puchkov V.G. 1973. Miridae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 324-337 p. (In Russian)
Sagitov A.O., Ismukhambetov Zh.D., eds. 2004. Reference book on plant protection. Almaty: ROND. 320 p. (In Russian)
Sannikova M.F. 1978. Terrestrial Hemiptera - pests of papilionaceous plants of Tyumen. Region. PhD Thesis. Moscow: TSKhA. 16 p. (In Russian)
Sedykh K.F. 1974. Animal world of Komi ASSR. Invertebrates. Syktyvkar: Komi Publishing House. 189 p. (In Russian)
Shernin A.I. 1974. Heteroptera, Thysanoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region. V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI. 77-111 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Yakhontov V.V. 1953. Pests of agricultural plants and products of Central Asia and their control. Tashkent: State Publishing House UzSSR. 663 p. (In Russian)
Zaitseva N.F. 1966. True Hemiptera - Heteroptera of Triatletskii Range. In: Dzhaparidze N.I. Invertebrate fauna of Fauna bespozvonochnykh Triatletskii Range. Tbilisi: Metsniereba. 65-103 p. (In Russian)
Zhvakina G.N., Afanas.ev E.V., Cheprasov V.N. 2002. Phytosanitary forecast of main pests and diseases of agricultural crops and recommendations on their control in 2002 based on analysis of their development and distribution in 2001. Tambov: Tambov STAZR. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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