Area of distribution and damage of Adoxophyes orana F.R.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Scientists - E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov
GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1:17,000,000; 1:33,000,000


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 2 layers. Area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Only a zone of low damage was allocated within the limits of the general area in the territory of the former USSR. Here the pest has economic significance with the following economic thresholds: 1% damaged rosettes or 4-10 caterpillars per 100 rosettes during the red bud stage; 2 caterpillars per 100 ovaries or 3% damaged ovaries after flowering (Dolzhenko, 2004). A. orana is sometimes able to exceed this threshold considerably in some orchards (Tyumeneva, 1937, Galetenko, 1960; Kostyuk, 1980), but the pest is mainly counted together with all orchard pests; treatments against bud pests and Codling Moth also reduce the A. orana population density.

Method of map production:

A. orana area in the former USSR was outlined according to reference and original data on the species distribution (Tyumeneva, 1937; Fal.kovich, 1962; Kostyuk, 1974, 1980; Savkovskii, 1976; Vasil.ev & Livshits, 1984; Polyakov; 1984; Kutenkova, 1986; Khrustaleva & Gokhman, 1986; Kuznetsov, 1994, 2001; Dubatolov, 2000). Kostyuk (1980), Kuznetsov (1994) and others have noted that the species is spread everywhere in zones of broad-leafed and mixed forests and steppes. Therefore the northern border of its area is extrapolated along border of mixed forests and taiga (Chikov, 1983) and corrected in Karelia according to original data (Kutenkova, 1986; Kullberg et al., 2001). Scanty records of the Summer Fruit Tortrix beyond the boundaries of the damage zone testify to a local distribution of this Transpalearctic species. Previous records of the species from Middle Asia and Central Kazakhstan are not confirmed by recent references (Kuznetsov, 1994, 2001). High mountains of the Caucasus and desert lands of the Caspian Depression were excluded from the area. Northern Kazakhstan is included in the area according to Kostyuk (1980) and Kuznetsov (1994). In Siberia the species has been found locally in Kemerovo, Tomsk, Novosibirsk Regions (Fal.kovich, 1970), Altai (Tibatina, 1970, 1973), Tuva (Kostyuk, 1980), Buryatia, Irkutsk and Chita Regions (Budashkin & Kostyuk, 1994; Kuznetsov, 2001). In the Far East this species is known from Amur and Sakhalin Regions, Khabarovsk and Primorskii Territories and South Kurils (Kunashir I.) (Kostyuk, 1980; Ermolaev, 1988; Kuznetsov, 1994, 2001). The zone of low damage includes forest-steppe zone of Moldova, Ukraine, Russian Central Chernozem Region in addition to Transcarpathia, Crimea, Ciscaucasia (Tyumeneva, 1937; Galetenko, 1960; Vasil.ev & Livshits, 1984; Kuznetsov, 1994; et al.), and south of the Far East (Kuznetsov, 1973; Ermolaev, 1988). It was corrected along areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984) and apple cultures (vector map by N.V. Terekhina, 2005). Registration and vectorization of raster map were executed by means of GIS-technologies.

Reference citations:

Budashkin Yu.I., Kostyuk I.Yu. 1994. To fauna of Microlepidoptera) of Transbaikalia. In: Nekrutenko Yu.P., ed. Lepidoptera of Transbaikalia. Proc. of Daurskii Nature Reserve. V. 2. Kyiv: Institute of zoology of NAN Ukraine, p. 5-31 (in Russian).
Chikov P.S., ed. 1983. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 340 p. (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Dubatolov V.V. 2000. Tortricidae - Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. Novosibirsk: Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, .
Ermolaev V.P. 1988. Tortricidae. In: Kirpichnikova V.A., Ler P.A., eds. Butterflies - pests of agriculture in the Far East. Keys. Vladivostok: Biology and Soil Institute, DO AN SSSR: 65-99 (in Russian).
Fal.kovich M.I. 1962. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of Leningrad Region. In: Stackelberg A.A., ed. Fauna of Leningrad Region and Karelia. Materials on invertebrate fauna. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, p. 48-80 (in Russian).
Fal.kovich M.I. 1970. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of foothills of Kuznetsk Ala Tau. In: Cherepanov A.I., ed. Fauna of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Biol. Inst AN SSSR, p. 222-245 (in Russian).
Galetenko S.M. 1960. Tortricid pests of orchards in Crimea. In: Livshits I.Z., ed. Pests and diseases of fruit and decorative plants. Proc. State Bot. Garden. V. 33. Yalta: Nikitskii State Bot. Garden, p. 157-192 (in Russian).
Galetenko S.M. 1964. To morphology of fruit leafrollers In: Kochkin M.A., Rubtsov N.I. & Ryndin N.V., eds. 150 years to State Nikitskii botanical garden. Collection of scientific works. V. 37. Moscow: Kolos, p. 531-395. (in Russian).
Khrustaleva V.A., Gokhman V.E. 1986. Results of test of pheromones of some leafroller species in the Botanical garden of the Moscow State University. In: Mottus E.R., Shumakov E.M., eds. Pheromones for leafrollers - pests of agriculture and forestry: Materials of All-Union conference, Kyaeriku, 19-21 Nov. 1984, V.2. Tartu: TGU, p. 294-295. (in Russian).
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1974. Family Tortricidae. In: Vasil.ev, V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 261-320 (in Russian).
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1980. Tortricidae. Iss. 10. Tortricinae. In: Dolin V.G., ed. Fauna of Ukraine, V. 15. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 424 p. (in Ukrainian).
Kullberg J., Albrecht A., Kaila L.,Varis V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Kutenkova N.N. 1986. Lepidoptera of the nature reserve "Kivach". In: Yakovlev E.B. & Uzenbaev S.D., eds. Fauna and ecology of Karelian invertebrates. Petrozavodsk: Karelian branch AN SSSR: 123-158 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1973. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of the South of the Far East and their seasonal cycles. In: Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. Lepidoptera of the fauna of the USSR and adjacent countries (Proc. VEO, v. 56). Leningrad: Nauka, p. 44-161 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1994. Family Tortricidae. In: Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka, p. 51-234 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 2001. Family Tortricidae (Olethreutidae). In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects if the Russian Far East. V. 5(3). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka, p. 11-472 (in Russian).
Ol.khovskaya-Burkova A.K. 1973. Development and harmfulness of Pandemis cerasana and Adoxophyes orana. In: Rozinskii M.A., ed. Forecasting and timing of pests and diseases control in perennial plantations and vegetable crops (Abstr. Of Conf., November, 1973). Kishinev: NTO s-kh. MoldSSR, p. 37-40 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-45 (in Russian).
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (in Russian).
Tibatina I.A. 1970. Materials on some Microlepidoptera fauna damaging birch in West Siberia. In: Cherepanov A.I., ed. Fauna of Siberia (Proc. Biol. Inst. of AN SSSR). Novosibirsk: Biol. Inst. AN SSSR, p. 202-222 (in Russian).
Tibatina I.A. 1973. Leafrollers of leaved forests of Western Siberia. In: Yudin B.S., ed. Fauna of Siberia, v. 2 (Proc. Biol. Inst. of AN SSSR, v. 16). Novosibirsk: Biol. Inst. AN SSSR, p. 173-181 (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian)
Tyumeneva V.A. 1937. Tortricidae in orchard of Slavyansk district. In: Ivanov I.F. & Rubtsov I.A., eds. Results of research works of VIZR for 1936. Part 2. Pests and diseases of technical and fruit crops. Leningrad: VIZR, p. 379-383 (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © E.I.Ovsyannikova, I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map), M.I.Saulich (VIZR; vector map,); I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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