The distribution area and damage zones of Aphis fabae Scopoli.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on a map to the scale of 1:33,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of pest damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The insect area was divided into zones of high and low damage severity according to the following sources: Matov (1972), Mordvilko (1936), Reznik (1970), Palii (1960) and others. The zone of high damage includes regions that are characterized by periodic mass reproduction of the pest according to points 5-9 (70 to 100% of plants are populated by the pest). The zone of low damage is characterized according to points 1-3 (up to 70% of the plants in the field are populated).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand-drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblasts are further refined using boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand-drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The materials of VIZR expeditions were used in addition to published materials in order to determine the insect distribution area. The borders of the zones of different degrees of harmfulness were determined according to the following sources: Mordvilko (1936), Palii (1960), Reznik (1970), Matov (1972), Vasil'ev (1973) and Pavlyushin (2001). The northern border was determined according to Shaposhnikov (1964) and Ivanovskaya (1977), as well as the data of expeditions and the data taken from sucking traps. The results of the analysis of host spreading were used according to the atlas of the USSR vegetation (sugar and vegetable beet, beans, haricot beans, potatoes, sunflower, tomato, and others), taking into account the temperature preference of this insect (it is a cold-resistant species). The vector map of the distribution of sugar beet within the territory of the Former Soviet Union and the map of arable lands have also been used for the correction of damage zones (Koroleva et al., 2003).

Reference citations:

Ivanovskaya O.I. 1977. Aphids of West Siberia. Part 2. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 70-71 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva I.E., Vilchevskaya E.V., Ruhovich D.I. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Matov G.N. 1972. Biological features of black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.) and its control in Moscow Region. In: Vavilov P.P., ed. Proceedings of Timiryazev Agricultural Academy 1. Moscow: Kolos. 166-175 p. (In Russian)
Mordvilko A.K. 1936. Black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scopoli. Zashchita rastenii, 10: 69-73. (In Russian)
Nevskii V.P. 1929. Aphids of Middle Asia. The proceedings of Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station 16. Tashkent: Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station. 163-5 p. (In Russian)
Palii V.F. 1960. Black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.) in the regions of sugar beet cultivation of Central Black Earth zone (RSFSR) and reasons of number fluctuations. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 39(4): 534-539. (In Russian)
Pavlyushin V.A., ed. 2001. The aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae). Identification, biological features and methods of calculation in closed ground (Methodical recommendations). Leningrad: VASKHNIL, VIZR. 7-8 p. (In Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., ed. 1975. Distribution of the main pests of agricultural crops in the USSR and efficiency of their control (Methodical recommendations). Leningrad: VASKHNIL, VIZR. 66 p. (In Russian)
Reznik V.N. 1970. Black bean aphid. Zashchita rastenii, 6: 22. (In Russian)
Shaposhnikov G.Kh. 1964. Suborder Aphidinea - aphids. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed.n Keys to insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 1. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 571 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 278 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved.
Copyright 2004 © M.N. Berim & M.I. Saulich (vector map, description), M.N. Berim (picture).

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