Area of distribution and damage of Archips crataegana Hbn.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Scientists - E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov
GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 33,000,000


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The area of this species represented within the area of industrial cultivation of fruits in the territory of the former USSR. Within the limits of the general area only a zone of low damage was allocated. Here the pest has economic significance with the following economic thresholds: 3-5 egg-batches per tree before buds blossom; 0.5-3 caterpillars per running meter of branch or 10-15% damaged leaves before blossoming of fruits and berries (Dolzhenko, 2004).

Method of map production:

After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblasts are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, geo-referenced and vectorized. The northern and eastern borders of the A. crataegana area were outlined along the smoothed line of .Saint-Petersburg - south of Region - Kirov - Middle Ural - Orenburg - - Lower Volga Basin. according to the following reference data on species distribution: Kuznetsov & Martynova (1954), Markelova (1957, 1959), Chekhonadskikh (1970), Kostyuk (1974, 1980), Charushina & Shernin (1974), Kutenkova (1986), Kuznetsov (1994), Yakovlev & Yakovlev (2004). Original records east of the Urals were not found. Records from the Omsk (Shvetsova, 1950) and Almaty (Sagitov & Ismukhambetov, 2004) regions require confirmation. High mountains of the Caucasus and desert lands of the Caspian Depression are excluded from the area. The zone of low damage coincides with areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops according to the following sources: Markelova (1957, 1959), Minder (1959), Kostyuk (1974, 1980), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Kuznetsov (1994), Tochenov (1984).

Reference citations:

Avramenko A.V. 1959. Brown Oak Tortrix - pest of flood-plain forest of Lower Don Basin. In: Bukshtynov A.D., ed. Bulletin of scientific and technical information (Moscow: VNIILM), 10: 36-38 (in Russian).
Charushina A.N., Shernin A.I. 1974. Order Lepidoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region. V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI. 351-477 p. (in Russian).
Chekhonadskikh V.A. 1970. Brown Oak Tortrix. Zashchita rastenii, 3: 22 (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (in Russian).
Egorov I.N., Solozhenikina T.N. 1963. Brown Oak Tortrix - mass pest of oak forest in Voronezh Region. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 42(10): 1501-1512 (in Russian).
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1974. Family Tortricidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 261-320 p. (in Russian).
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1980. Tortricidae. Issue 10. Tortricinae. In: Dolin V.G., ed. Fauna of Ukraine. V. 15. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 424 p. (in Ukrainian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1994. Family Tortricidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 51-234 p. (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I., Martynova E.F. 1954. List of Lepidoptera of Middle Ural River Basin. In: Pavlovskii E.N., ed. Proceedings of ZIN RAS. V. 16. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 321-350 p. (in Russian).
Markelova E.M. 1957. Bilogical basis for Rose Tortrix and Brown Oak Tortrix control in apple orchards of Moscow Region. Doklady TSKHA, 27: 129-133. (in Russian).
Markelova E.M. 1959. Cacoecia crataegana Hb. - pest of fruit cultures. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 38(4): 750-765. (in Russian).
Minder I.F. 1959. Leafrollers damaging fruit crops in Oka bottomland. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 38(1): 98-110. (in Russian).
Sagitov A.O., Ismukhambetov Zh.D., eds. 2004. Reference book on plant protection. Almaty: ROND. 320 p. (in Russian).
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (in Russian).
Shvetsova A.N. 1950. Main pests of orchard and berry cultures in Omsk Region and their control. Omsk: Omsk Regional Publishing House. 70 p. (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (in Russian).
Tropin I.V. 1960. Brown Oak Tortrix in forests. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei, 7: 54. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (in Russian).
Yakovlev I.A., Yakovlev A.S. 2004. Oak forests of Middle Volga Basin (history, reasons of degradation and modern status). Yoshkar-Ola: Mari State Technical University; .

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map), M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map,); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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