Area of distribution and damage of Archips podana Scopoli

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I.Ovsyannikova & I.Ya.Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1:


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 2 layers. Area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Zone of low damage only is allocated within the limits of general area where the pest has economic significance. The species biology and ecology have many similarities with those in Spilonota ocellana (Den. & Shiff.) (Savkovskii, 1976); therefore, we propose the use economic threshold of harmfulness for the latter species; the threshold is making 5-8% damaged buds or 3 caterpillars per running meter before flowering of fruit cultures (during the phase of green tops); 15 caterpillars per 100 rosettes during the phase of red buds (Dolzhenko, 2004). A. podana is sometimes able to cause considerable damage to the generative organs in the zone of two generations according to the following sources: Tyumeneva (1937), Kuznetsov (1994), but the pest is counted mainly together with all orchard pests. Treatments against bud pests and Codling Moth also reduce the A. podana population density.

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials. The A. podana area is outlined according to original and reference data on the species distribution (Fal.kovich, 1960; Kuznetsov, 1994; Savkovskii, 1976; Kostyuk, 1974; Kozlov & Motorkin, 1990; Polyakov et al., 1984; Charushina & Shernin, 1974; Grichanov et al., 2001; Ovsyannikova, 2003; Liblikas, 2004; et al.). The northern border of the area in the European part passes from the Karelian Isthmus (Finland and Leningrad Region) according to Kullberg et al. (2001), Fal.kovich (1960), Ovsyannikova (2003), through Kirov Region (Charushina & Shernin, 1974) toward Middle Ural (Kostyuk, 1974), including Orenburg Region (Kuznetsov & Martynova, 1954), Volga river basin region, the North Caucasus (Pralya, 1990; Tolstova, 1986; Tyumeneva, 1937), and Transcaucasia (Kobakhidze, 1990). The species was not recorded in Middle Asia. Records of this species in Siberia (Prokof.ev, 1987) and eastward belong to A. betulana Hbn. or to other species of the genus. The analysis of the literature has shown that zones of steppes, forest-steppes, deciduous and mixed forests can be included in A. podana area within the limits of the European part of the former USSR (Chikov, 1976). Their borders have been smoothed and slightly corrected after actual records. High mountains of the Caucasus were excluded from the area. Numerous orchards are located in the steppe zone, where the Large Fruit-tree Tortrix lives. Therefore, the zone of low damage coincides with the areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops in Moldova, Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, and Transcaucasia (Kostyuk, 1974; Tolstova, 1986; Pralya, 1990; Kozlov & Motorkin, 1990; Kobakhidze, 1957; Kuznetsov, 1994; et al.).

Reference citations:

Charushina, A.N., Shernin, A.I. 1974. Order Lepidoptera. In: Shernin, A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region, V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI: 351-477 (in Russian).
Chikov P.S., ed. 1976. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 340 p. (in Russian).
Dolzhenko, V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Fal.kovich, M.I. 1962. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of Leningrad Region. In: Stackelberg A.A., ed. Fauna of Leningrad Region and Karelia. Materials on invertebrate fauna. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, p. 48-80 (in Russian).
Grichanov I.Ya., Liblikas I., Mottus E., Nikolaeva Z., Ojarand A., Ovsyannikova E. 2001. On the variability of Archips podana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). In: Anon., ed. Proc. 4th Intern. konf. Sustainable development of mounane territories. Vladikavkaz: N Ossetian Publ. House, p. 365-367.
Ivanova, T.V. & Myttus, E.R. 1986. Heterogeneity of geographical populations of Archips podana. In: Sokolov, V.E., ed. Chemical communication of animals. The theory and practice. Moscow: Nauka, p. 79-82 (in Russian).
Ivanova, T.V., Myttus, E.R., Pralya, I.I. Results of testing synthetic pheromones for monitoring of fruit leafrollers in Krasnodar Territory. In: Mottus E.R., Shumakov E.M., eds. Pheromones for leafrollers . pests of agriculture and forestry: Materials of All-Union conference, Kyaeriku, 19-21 Nov. 1984, V.1. Tartu: TGU, p. 49-65 (in Russian).
Kobakhidze, D.N. 1957. Harmful entomofauna in agricultural crops of Georgia. Tbilisi: AN Gruz. SSR, 274 p. (in Russian).
Kostyuk, Yu.A. 1966. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of Crimea. Zoologicheskii zhurnal 45(8): 1175-1186 (in Russian).
Kostyuk, Yu.A. 1974. Family Tortricidae. In: Vasil.ev, V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 261-320 (in Russian).
Kostyuk, Yu.A. 1980. Tortricidae. Iss. 10. Tortricinae. In: Dolin V.G., ed. Fauna of Ukraine, V. 15. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 424 p. (in Ukrainian).
Kozlov, M.V. & Motorkin, M.E. 1990. Geographical variability of Archips podana (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Zoologicheskii zhurnal 69(7): 55-62 (in Russian).
Kullberg, J., Albrecht, A., Kaila, L.,Varis, V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Kuznetsov, V.I. 1994. Family Tortricidae. In: Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka, p. 51-234 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov, V.I. & Martynova, E.F. 1954. List of Lepidoptera of Middle Ural River Basin. In: Pavlovskii E.N., ed. Proceedings of ZIN RAS, V. 16. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, p. 321-350 (in Russian).
Liblikas, I., Mottus, E., Nikolaeva, Z.V., Ojarand, A., Ovsyannikova, E.I., Grichanov, I.Ya., Ivanova, T.V. & Yemeljanov, V.A. 2004. Variability of genitalia and pheromone communication channels of Archips podana (Scopoli) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol. 53(2): 75.87.
Litvinova, A.M. 1966. Some data on the biology of orchard leafrollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in Belarus. Vestsi Akademii Belaruskai SSR, Seryya biyalagichnykh navuk 2: 89-96 (in Belorussian).
Nedoshivina, S.V. 2002. Polyphagous leafrollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae: Archipini) and additions to species composition of their fauna of the Ulyanovsk Region. Nature of Simbirsk Volga Region, p. 115-121 (in Russian).
Ovsyannikova, E.I. 2003. Optimization of phytosanitary monitoring in orchards by use of synthetic sex attractants of lepidopteran pests. PhD Thesis. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 22 p. (in Russian).
Pralya, I.I. 1992. Biological basis for a modern system of actions for aple gardens protection against a complex of leafrollers. DSc Thesis. St. Petersburg: VIZR, 41 p. (in Russian).
Prokof.ev, M.A. 1987. Siberian orchards protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat, 239 p. (in Russian).
Savkovskii, P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (in Russian).
Tolstova, Yu.S. 1986. Development of resistance in orchard leafrollers. Zashchita rastenii 7: 41-42 (in Russian).
Tyumeneva, V.A. 1937. Tortricidae in orchard of Slavyansk district. In: Ivanov I.F. & Rubtsov I.A., eds. Results of research works of VIZR for 1936. Part 2. Pests and diseases of technical and fruit crops. Leningrad: VIZR, p. 379-383 (in Russian).
Vasil.ev, V.P. & Livshits, I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2006 © E.I.Ovsyannikova, I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map); I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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