Area of distribution and damage of Argyresthia conjugella Zell

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I.Ovsyannikova & I.Ya.Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1: 17 000 000 and 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 2 layers. Area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Zone of low damage only is allocated within the limits of general area. Here the pest has economic significance during development before maturing of fruits of apple and mountain ash, exceeding the usual economic threshold of harmfulness for other fruit-damaging Lepidoptera of stone-fruit cultures; the threshold is causing 2-5% damaged fruits (Kalinkin et al., 2003). In some years harm level reaches 70-90% damaged fruits locally in the zone of low damage (Chugunin, 1935; Belosel.skaya, 1963).

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials. The Apple Fruit Miner area is outlined according to original and reference data on the species distribution (Chugunin, 1935; Krishtal., 1959; Belosel.skaya, 1963; Charushina & SHernin, 1974; Gershenzon, 1974a, 1974b, 1981; Vasil.ev & Livshits, 1984; Polyakov et al., 1984; Sinev, 1994; Kullberg et al., 2001; Ovsyannikova, 2003; etc.). Northern border of the area is extrapolated along average annual isotherm 0°C (Sinev, 1994) in view of actual records in the European part (see above-mentioned sources), Siberia (Altai territory, Omsk, Tomsk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk Regions, the south of Krasnoyarsk Territory) after Kolmakova (1962), Babenko (1982), Prokof.ev (1987), in the Far East (Primorskii and Khabarovsk Territories) after Gibanov et al. (1977), Sytenko (1960), Shtundyuk & Ablakatov (1969); etc. In the Caucasus, the pest is known after data of Avetyan, 1952; Mirzoyan & Grigoryan, 1990; Batiashvili, 1965; etc. The area is corrected here along forest and forest-steppe zones according to the map of vegetation in the USSR (Chikov, 1983). Within the limits of Central Asia the Fruit Miner is found only from environs of Almaty in Kazakhstan (D'yakonov, Kozhanchikov, 1949; Belosel.skaya, 1952). The zone of low damage coincides with the areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Polyakov et al., 1984; Vasil.ev and Livshits, 1984), which are determined after Terekhina (2005). The species records on its harming activity in a steppe zone are not found. Therefore, this zone is excluded from the area of low damage according to the map of vegetation in the USSR (Chikov, 1983). Registration and vectorization of raster map are executed by means of GIS-technologies.

Reference citations:

Avet'yan, A.S. 1952. The pests of fruit plants in Armenian SSR. Erevan: AN Arm.SSR, 183 p. (in Russian).
Babenko, Z.S. 1982. Phytophagous insects of fruit and berry plants in forest zone of Ob River Region. Tomsk: Tomsk University, 268 p. (in Russian).
Batiashvili, I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Ganatleba, 336 p. (in Russian)
Belosel.skaya, Z.G. 1963. Argyresthia conjugella Zell. (Lepidoptera, Hyponomeutidae) as a pest of apple-trees and mountain ashes. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 42 (4): 709-720 (in Russian).
Charushina, A.N. & Shernin, A.I. 1974. Order Lepidoptera. In: Shernin, A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region, V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI: 351-477 (in Russian).
Chikov, P.S., ed. 1983. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 340 p. (in Russian).
Chugunin, Ya.V. 1935. Control of orchard pests. Moscow & Leningrad: OGIZ, 160 p. (in Russian).
D.yakonov, A.M. & Kozhanchikov, I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavlovskii, E.N. & Shtakelberg, A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR: 179-198 (in Russian).
Gershenzon Z.S. 1981. Argyresthiidae. In: Medvedev, G.S., ed. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 4(2). Leningrad: Nauka, p. 347-359 (in Russian).
Gershenzon, Z.S. 1974. Family Argyresthiidae. In: Vasil.ev, V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 234-235 (in Russian).
Gershenzon, Z.S. 1974. Yponomeutidae, Argyresthiidae. In: Puchkov, V.G., ed. Fauna of Ukraine. V.15(6). Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 132 p. (in Ukrainian).
Gibanov, P.K., Kulik Z.A. & Ignachenko, V.I. 1977. Substantiation and improvement of system of chemical protection of pome cultures against pests and diseases. In: Slabko, Yu.I., ed. Protection of plants in agriculture and forestry. (Coll. of works, Vol. 48). Ussuriisk: Primorskii SKHI, p. 44-47 (in Russian).
Grichanov, I.Ya., Ovsyannikova, E.I. 2005. Pheromones for phytosanitary monitoring of Lepidoptera pests. St. Petersburg . Pushkin: VIZR RAAS, 244 p. (Plant Protection News, Supplement) (in Russian).
Kalinkin, V.M., Maslak, A.A. & Grichanov, I.Ya. 2003. A planning and analysis of experiment with an estimation of efficiency of isecticides against lepidopteran pests of orchards. In: Ratsional.noe prirodopol.zovanie i sel.skokhozyaistvennoe proizvodstvo v yuzhnykh regionakh Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Moscow: Sovremennye tetradi, p.467-476 (in Russian).
Kolmakova, V.D. 1962. Lepidopteran pests of fruit-berry plants in Transbaikalia. In: Bolbaduev, V.O. ed. Pests of forest and fruit-berry cultures in Transbaikalia. Ulan-Ude: Buryatskii kompleksnyi NII: 96-135 (in Russian).
Krishtal., O.P. 1959. Agricultural insect pests in Ukrainian forest-steppe and forest belts. Kyiv: Kyiv University, 360 p. (in Ukrainian).
Kullberg, J., Albrecht, A., Kaila, L. & Varis, V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Mirzoyan, S.A. & Grigoryan, A.Dzh. 1990. Apple Fruit Miner and its control. Erevan: AN Arm.SSR, 69 p. (in Russian).
Ovsyannikova, E.I. 2003. Optimization of phytosanitary monitoring in orchards by use of synthetic sex attractants of lepidopteran pests. PhD Thesis. St. Petersburg: VIZR, 22 p. (in Russian).
Polyakov, I.Ya., Kopaneva, L.M. & Dorokhova, G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva, L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-45 (in Russian).
Prokof.ev, M.A. 1987. Siberian orchards protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat, 239 p. (in Russian).
Shtundyuk, A.V. & Ablakanova, A.A. 1969. Pests and diseases of fruit-berry cultures and vines in the Far East and their control. Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Publishing House, 140 p. (in Russian).
Sinev, S.Yu. 1994. Family Argyresthiidae. In: Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka, p. 254-259 (in Russian).
Smol'yannikov, V.V. 1977. Apple fruit pests. Zashchita rastenii 10: 61-63 (in Russian).
Sytenko, L.S. 1960. To species composition of fruit pests and their parasites in Primorskii Territory. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 39(3): 551-555 (in Russian).
Terekhina, N.V. 2005. Area of apple. Http://
Vasil.ev, V.P., Livshits, I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2006 © E.I.Ovsyannikova, I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map)
Photo © V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

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