Area of distribution and damage of the Gamma Moth (Autographa gamma L.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object biologists - M.A. Chumakov, T.L. Kuznetsova,
GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on maps of natural scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber.s Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Three damage zones were designated within the moth area as follows: 1) high damage (larvae numbers are consistently 5-8 or more individuals per 1 sq. m on main field crops); 2) moderate damage (larvae numbers are within limits of 2-4 individuals per 1 sq. m, only exceeding this level sometimes); 3) low damage (larvae numbers are 2 and less individuals per 1 sq. m, or the pest is absent on agricultural crops). The subdivision based on zones was averaged according to rises in the phase of the moth population dynamics after periods of depression when the species doesn.t demonstrate a high degree of harmfulness. The following sources were used to determine these limits: Dolzhenko (2004), Kopaneva (1981, 1982), Zakharenko et al. (1985).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. Damage and distribution zones were determined according to the analysis of the following map materials and literature data: Shchegolev et al. (1934), D.yakonov & Kozhanchikov (1949), Pospelov (1975, 1989), Klyuchko (1985, 1988), Klyuchko & Kononenko (1986), Klyuchko & Nekrasov (1990), Sukhareva (1999), Kononenko (2003). Zones of high mountains of the Caucasus and Central Asia were excluded from the area. The species does not live in sandy and clay deserts.

Reference citations:

D.yakonov A.M., Kozhanchikov I.V. 1949. Order Lepidoptera. Lepidopterans or butterflies and moths. In: Pavlovskyi E.P., ed. Harmful animals of Middle Asia (guide). Moscow-Leningrad: AN USSR. 22-43 p. (In Russian)
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (In Russian)
Klyuchko Z.F. 1985. Zone-belt distribution of Plusiinae noctuids (Plusiinae, Lepidoptera). In: Zolotarenko G.S., ed. Arthropods of Siberia and the Far East. Novosibirsk: Nauka, Siberian branch. 183-190 p. (In Russian)
Klyuchko Z.F. 1988. Peculiarities of the distribution of Plusiinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) of Siberia and Northern Europe. In: Zlobin V.V., ed. Entomofauna communications of Northern Europe and Siberia (the Collection of proceedings). Leningrad: ZIN, AN USSR. 67-72 p. (In Russian)
Klyuchko Z.F., Kononenko V.S. 1986. Plusiinae moths (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Plusiinae) of the Far East of the USSR. Lepidopterans systematics and ecology of the Far East of the USSR. Vladivostok: AN USSR. 95-112 p. (In Russian)
Klyuchko Z.F., Nekrasov A.V. 1990. Review of Plusiinae moths (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) of mountain systems of Middle Asia. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie (Leningrad: Nauka, Leningrad branch), 69(4): 917-924. (In Russian)
Kononenko V.S. 2003. Noctuidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects of the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka. 688 p. (In Russian)
Kopaneva L.M., ed. 1981. Keys to harmful and useful insects and mites on the industrial crops in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 272 p. (In Russian)
Kopaneva L.M., ed. 1982. Keys to harmful and useful insects and mites on the vegetable plants and potato in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 272 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Pospelov S.M. 1975. Zoning of territory of Soviet Union by noctuid complexes harming to agricultural crops. In: Berim N.G., ed. Zapiski LSKHI. V. 270. Leningrad-Pushkin: LSKHI. 75-81 p. (In Russian)
Pospelov S.M. 1989. Noctuids - pests of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 112 p. (In Russian)
Shchegolev V.N., Znamenskii A.V., Bei-Bienko G.Ya. 1934. Insect pests on field crops. Leningrad-Moscow: Sel.khozgiz. 364 p. (In Russian)
Sukhareva I.L. 1999. Noctuidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - agricultural pests. V. 3, part 2. Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 332-378 p. (In Russian)
Zakharenko V.A., Chenkin A.F., Cherkasov V.A., Martynenko V.I., Polyakov I.Ya. 1985. Reference book on plant protection. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 415 p. (In Russian)

Rights and copyrights:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © M.A. Chumakov, T.L. Kuznetsova, M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description). Photo is given with kind permission of Kononenko, V.S.( Biology-Soil Institute of DVO AN RUSSIA).

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