Area and damage zones of Brevicoryne brassicae (L.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map is composed of 3 thematic layers. Zones of distribution and damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The insect area is divided into zones of high and low damage using the published materials (Bogdanov-Kat'kov, 1920; Yanushevskii, 1966; Askaraliev, 1968; Polyakov et al., 1989; Bogdanov, 1990). The zone of low damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical increase of numbers of the Cabbage Aphid on white cabbage not enhancing 30 individuals per plant (in the head formation growth stage at 25% and less populated plants), i.e., according to points 1-2; the zone of high damage is characterized by the insect numbers 70 and more individuals per plant (at 50% and more populated plants), i.e., according to points 3 and higher (Drakhovskaya, 1962; Askaraliev, 1968).

Method of map production:

The area and damage zones of B. brassicae have been marked on a blank map by results of the analysis of the published materials. The northern border has been also marked after the published materials (Shaposhnikov, 1964; Ivanovskaya, 1976; Migulin, 1983), being coincided with the northern border of the forest zone. The species is observed widely (except for the Far North). The borders of zones of different pest damage are given, using criteria that have been published by V.V.Kosov & I.Ya.Polyakov (1958); N.F.Pashchenko (1961); V.E.Yanushevskii (1966); Kh.Askaraliev (1968); I.Ya.Polyakov (1989); V.V.Bogdanov (1990). Low harming activity is reported in Byelorussia, Northwestern Ukraine, Central regions of the European part of Russia, in most territory of Northern Kazakhstan, and in Siberia. Highest harming activity is marked in forest-steppe and steppe zones of the European part of Russia and Ukraine, in Moldova, Middle Asia, Kazakhstan (mainly in southern regions), Transcaucasia, Primorskii Territory, Amur Basin region. The vector map of distribution of white cabbage within the territory of the former Soviet Union has been also used for the correction of damage zones (Terekhina, 2004).

Reference citations:

Adashkevich A. 1967. Cabbage aphid. Kartofel' i ovoshchi 5: 38 (in Russian).
Askaraliev Kh. 1968. Harmfullness of cabbage aphid. Zashchita rastenii 9: 10 (in Russian).
Bogdanov V.V. 1990. Influence of food factor on cabbage aphid dynamics. In: Kapralova O.V., ed. Ecological-genetic investigations on resistance and productivity of population (Proc. of Nizhnii Novgorod University). Nizhnii Novgorod: State University. 91-96 p. (in Russian).
Bogdanov-Kat'kov N.N. 1920. Cabbage aphid. Petrograd: Publishing house of agronomical department. 16 p. (in Russian).
Bozhko M.P. 1976. Aphids of food plants. Khar'kov: Vishcha shkola. 16 p. (in Russian).
Dereza V.K. 1982. Ecology of cabbage aphid in Chu valley. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Proceedings of VIZR, N 52. Leningrad: VIZR. 27-35 p. (in Russian).
Drakhovskaya M. 1962. Forecasting in plant protection. Moscow: Publishing House of Agricultural literature, magazines and posters. 165 p. (in Russian).
Fursova M.F. 1965. To biology of cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae (L.) in lower reaches of Murgab. In: Mamedniyazov O.N., ed. Proceedings of AN Turkmen. SSR. N 1. Ashkhabad: AN Turkmen. SSR. 96-97 p. (in Russian).
Gvindzhilia L.M., Chkhikvadze I.G., Zaridze A.L. 1983. Cabbage aphid dynamics in Georgia. In: Gvritishvili M.N., ed. Plant protection against pests (Proc. of Georgian plant protection institute). Tbilisi: Georgian NIIZR. 5-9 p. (in Russian).
Ivanovskaya O.I. 1976. Fauna of aphids on the territory of West Siberia. In: Zolotorenko G.S., ed. Fauna of helminthes and arthropods of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. P. 175-189 (in Russian).
Koroleva I.E., Vil'chevskaya E,V., Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Vector maps of maximal distribution of arable lands. www agroatlas. spb. ru.
Kosov V.V. & Polyakov I.Ya., ed. 1958. Forecasting and calculation of pests and diseases on agricultural cultures. Moscow: Agricultural Department. 538-539 p. (in Russian).
Mashek A.A. 1967. Biological features of cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.) in Leningrad region and its harmfulness on seed plants of cabbage. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Plant protection against pests and diseases (Proc. of LSKhI), vol. 3. Leningrad: LSKhI. 52 p. (in Russian).
Migulin A.A., ed. 1983. Agricultural entomology. Moscow: Kolos. 203-205 p. (in Russian).
Nevskii V.P. 1929. Aphids of Middle Asia. Proceedings of Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station 16. Tashkent: Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station. 224-227 p. (in Russian).
Pashchenko N.F. 1961. To biology of cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.). In: Kazenas L.D., ed. Proceedings of Kazan' State University, vol. VI. Kazan': Kazan' State University, 209-228 p. (in Russian).
Pashchenko N.F. 1965. Entomophages of cabbage aphid in South-East of Kazakhstan. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Proceedings of VIZR, N 9. Leningrad: VIZR. 158 p. (in Russian).
Pikushova E.I. 1969. Harmfulness of cabbage aphid. Zashchita rastenii 1: 33 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., ed. 1989. Forecasting of pests and diseases on agricultural cultures for 1989. Moscow: VIZR. 170-171 p. (in Russian).
Shaposhnikov G.Kh. 1972. Order Homoptera - homopterous. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural crops. V. 1. Leningrad: Nauka. P. 592 (in Russian).
Shchegolev V.N. 1960. Agricultural entomology. Moscow & Leningrad: GIZ sel'skokhozyaistvennoi literatury, 448 p. (in Russian).
Terekhina N.V. 2004. The area of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae L.).
Vasil'ev V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 496 p. (in Russian).
Volkov S.M., Zimin L.S., Rudenko D.K. & Tupenevich S.M. 1955. Atlas of pests and diseases on agricultural cultures in the Non-Black Earth zone of the European part of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Sel'khozgiz. 154 p. (in Russian).
Yanushevskii V.Ya. 1960. Dangerous pest of cabbage. Sel'skoe khozyaistvo Belorussii 7: 13-14 (in Russian).
Yanushevskii V.Ya. 1966. Cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.) in Byelorussian SSR. PhD Thesis. Minsk: State University. 25 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © M.N.Berim & M.I.Saulich (vector map, description).
Picture of Brevicoryne brassicae L. is borrowed from the "Atlas of the pests and diseases on agricultural cultures in the Non-Black Earth zone of the European part of the USSR" (Volkov S.M. et al., 1955). Copyright is absent.

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