Area of distribution and damage of Byturus tomentosus (De Geer)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I.Ovsyannikova & I.Ya.Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map. Area is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Economic thresholds have been proposed (Batasheva, 1985) based on appreciable level of raspberry yield loss (5%); the threshold for larvae is 7.7-8.4% damaged berries, and that for beetles is 2.8-3.4 imagoes per bush. Zones of moderate and low damage are allocated within the general area of Raspberry Beetle. Under favorable (humid) conditions for the beetle mass reproduction in the zone of moderate damage, imagoes injure 30% of raspberry buds and flowers, and larvae destroy 50% of yield (Savzdarg, 1960; Babenko, 1982). In the zone of low damage the Raspberry Beetle numbers rarely exceeds economic threshold. Anthonomus rubi Herbst often develops together with B. tomentosus on fruit and berry cultures; their control is usually carried out simultaneously.

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials taking into account the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, St.Petersburg, Russia. The Raspberry Beetle area is outlined according to original and reference data on the species distribution (Korol.kov, 1919; Gur.eva, 1974; Sedykh, 1974; Shernin, 1974; Savkovskii, 1976; Babenko, 1982; Polyakov et al., 1984; Prokof.ev, 1987; Springer & Goodrich, 1990; Hanni & Luik, 2006; etc.). Northern border of the area in the European part goes through Murmansk (Znamenskaya, 1960), (ZIN collection) and Kirov Regions (SHernin, 1974), Komi Republic (Sedykh, 1974) and Perm. Territory (Koz.minykh, 1997). In Siberia the area may reach northern border of distribution of wild-growing raspberry (Chikov, 1976), but we know records from only southern parts of Siberia and the Far East (to Sakhalin inclusive; ZIN collection; Makarov, 2006). In this regard, the northern border of the area is drawn along 58°N latitude from Ural to Baikal and along 54°N latitude from Baikal to lower reaches of Amur River, with its correction according with actual records and findings. The records from Kamchatka and Uzbekistan are shown by dots (Springer & Goodrich, 1990). Transcaucasia is included after Samedov (1963), Springer & Goodrich, 1990; and ZIN collection. High mountains of the Caucasus are excluded from the area. In Kazakhstan, the pest is marked in southeastern and eastern parts after the data of Matesova (1962). The zone of moderate damage includes northwestern and nonchernozem zones of the former USSR and Siberia (Polyakov et al., 1984; Batasheva, 1985; Prokof.ev, 1987; et al.). The zone of low damage coincides with the raspberry growth zone on the rest territory of the European part and Transcaucasia. Its borders are corrected according to the vector map of Chukhina (2005).

Reference citations:

Babenko Z.S. 1982. Phytophagous insects of fruit and berry plants in forest zone of Ob River Region. Tomsk: Tomsk University, 268 p. (in Russian).
Batasheva Z.I. 1981. Leafrollers on raspberry. Zashchita rastenii 6: 41 (in Russian).
Batasheva Z.N. 1985. On harmfulness of Byturus tomentosus F. in central nonchernozem zone. Biologicheskie nauki 6: 42-47 (in Russian).
Chikov P.S., ed. 1976. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 340 p. (in Russian).
Chukhina I.G. 2005. The area of Red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.). Available at: (in Russian).
Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, St.Petersburg, Russia.
Gur.eva E.L. 1974. Family Byturidae. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural plants. V. 2. Coleoptera. Leningrad: Nauka, p. 112-113 (in Russian).
Hanni L. & Luik A. 2006. Parasitism of raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus F.) larvae in different cropping techniques of red raspberry. Agronomy research 4 (Special issue): 187-195.
Korol.kov D.M. 1919. Raspberry Beetle. Moscow: Entomological bureau of agricultural department of the Moscow regional council, 5 p. (in Russian).
Koz.minykh V.O. 1997. Beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) of Perm. Region. Report 11. Bibliography, brief notes. In: Esyunin S.L., ed. Beetles of Ural (Insecta, Coleoptera). Collection of papers. Perm.: Perm. Technical university, 206 p. (in Russian). []
Makarov K.V. 2006. Byturus tomentosus (Byturidae) - atlas of beetles of Russia. St.Petersburg: ZIN RAS.
Matesova G.Ya., Mityaev I.D. 1962. Insects damaging fruit and berry crops in Urdzhar and Makanchi districts of Semipalatnsk Region. In: Marikovskii P.I., ed. Materials on study of insects of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR, p. 46-57 (in Russian)
Matesova G.Ya., Mityaev I.D. Yukhnevich L.A. 1962. Review of insects damaging fruit and berry cultures and grapevine in Southwest Kazakhstan. In: Marikovskii P.I., ed. Materials on study of insects of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR, p. 3-46 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-45 (in Russian).
Prokof.ev M.A. 1987. Siberian orchards protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat, 239 p. (in Russian).
Samedov N.G. 1963. Fauna and biology of the beetles injuring agricultural plants in Azerbaijan. Baku: AN Azerb.SSR. 384 p. (in Russian).
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (in Russian).
Savzdarg E.E. 1956. Ecological and systematic characteristics and features of formation of fauna of pests of berry cultures. Izvestiya Timiryazevskoi s.-kh. akademii 3(13): 69-80 (in Russian).
Savzdarg E.E. 1960. Pests of berry cultures. Moscow: Sel.khozgiz, 270 p. (in Russian).
Sedykh K.F. 1974. Animal world of Komi ASSR. Invertebrates. Syktyvkar: Komi Publishing House, 189 p. (in Russian).
Shernin A.I. 1974. Order Coleoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region, V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI: 111-228 (in Russian).
Springer C. A. & Goodrich, M.A. 1990. A revision of the family Byturidae (Coleoptera) in Asia. Coleop. Bull. 44(4): 461-483.
Znamenskaya M.K. 1962. Review of pests of agricultural plants of Murmansk Region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 41(2): 310-322 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2006 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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