Area of distribution and damage of Caliroa cerasi L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists . I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova & Yu.M. Malysh,
GIS-specialist - M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is based on materials of the map with scale 1:33 000 000, using the information taken from literature.


"Alber's Equal Conica for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map, which consists of three thematic layers. Area of distribution and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Threshold of harmfulness of the Pear Sawfly is 1 larva per 10 host tree leaves (Goderdzishvili, 1974). Zones of low (1 to 5 larvae per 10 leaves; 10-40% damaged leaves of fruit crops) and high damage are distinguished within the pest area due to the expert appraisal of the data of the past years. High harmfulness of the sawfly is possible only in years of its outbreaks that seldom occur (with periodicity of 4 to 22 years). In the zone of high damage in the years of sawfly outbreaks (5 to 30 and more larvae per 10 leaves) the heavy damage of leaves (50 to 95%) and infestation of trees by 70 to 100% were recorded when no control measures were applied.

Method for map production:

To define general distribution of the species and harmfulness zones, analysis of materials in the following publications was performed: Vasil.ev (1955), Minyaeva (1955), Arakelyan (1958), Batiashvili (1959), Daduryan (1962),Mirzoyan(1973), Pospelov et al. (1973), Chkhubianishvili & Goderdzishvili (1973), Mishnev (1974), Savkovskii (1976), Balaev (1981), Tryapitsyn & Zhelokhovtsev (1981), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Polyakov et al. (1984), Zhelokhovtsev (1988) et al. On the territory of the Former USSR the species is found in forest, forest-steppe and steppe zones of European part, in the Caucasus, Volga Region, in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenia, Kirgizia, Tadjikistan, Siberia excluding deserts, semi-deserts and highlands more than 2100 m above sea level. North border of area is determined by the minimal winter temperature (above -25°C), that approximately corresponds to the line extending from Estonia through Pskov Region, then through towns of Tver, Kirov, Berezniki, Novosibirsk. On the Far East (Primorie, South of Amur Region and Khabarovsk Territory, Sakhalin) the pest area is indicated according to Zhelokhovtsev & Zinov.ev (1996) within the deciduous forest area (Chikov, 1976). Zone of the high damage on the territory of the Former USSR includes Lithuania (Zayanchkauskas, 1958), Latvia (Tsinovskii, 1953), Belarus (Onufreichik, 1969,1975; Pankevich, 1967,1979), Ukraine (Dyadechko, 1957), Crimea, Moldavia (Vasil.ev, 1955), Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, Rostov Region (Dobrovol.skii, 1959), Georgia (Chkhubianishvili & Goderdzishvili, 1973), Azerbaijan (Balaev, 1981). Zone of low damage includes territory of fruit crop cultivation between regions of high damage zone up to Ural, then partly Tyumen, Omsk, Novosibirsk Regions, Kazakhstan and Kirgizia. The boundaries of the damage zones are given according to the following works: Vasil.ev (1955), Goderdzishvili (1968), Onufreichik (1975), Pankevich (1967), Sateev (1977), Makarova (1967), Minyaeva (1960), Mishnev (1974), Mitlyuchenko (1951) et al. The pest damage zones are corrected according to the map of fruit gardens distribution (Tochenov, 1984).

Reference citations:

Arakelyan A.O. 1958. Materials to study of Pear Sawfly in the Ararat Plain. In: Minasyan A.I., ed. Bulletin of scientific and technical information. Erevan: Armenia Research Institute of the Winegrowing, Winemaking and Orcharding. 2. p. 41-43 (in Russian).
Balaev K.N. 1981. Pear Sawfly. Sadovodstvo N11. p. 17 (in Russian).
Chkhubianishvili T.A. & Goderdzishvili G.S. 1973. On manifestation of bacterial epizooty of Pear Sawfly Caliroa cerasi L. in Georgia. Proceedings of Georgia SSR Research Institute of Plant Protection. V. 24. Tbilisi. p. 188-190 (in Russian).
Batiashvili I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops Tbilisi, Ganatleba. 336 pp. (in Russian).
Daduryan A.B. 1962. Materials on Armenia SSR sawflies and horntails. Zoological proceedings. Erevan: Izdatel.stvo AN Armyanskoi SSR. Issue 12. p. 63-98 (in Russian).
Dobrovol.skii B.V. 1959. Distribution of pest insects. Centres and zones of highest harmfulness. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka. p. 38-39 (in Russian).
Dyadechko N.P. 1957. Microbiological control Pear Sawfly. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei, 1: 50-51 (in Russian).
Fedorenko A.D. Sawfly. 1963. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei I boleznei N5. p. 55 (in Russian).
Goderdzishvili G.S. 1968. Distribution and harmfulness of Pear Sawfly - Caliroa cerasi L. in Georgia. Summary. Proceedings of Georgia SSR Research Institute of Plant Protection. Tbilisi. V. 20. p. 92-93 (in Russian).
Goderdzishvili G.S. 1974. On the biological bases of Pear Sawfly prediction. In: Vasilyan V.V., ed. Occurrence forecast of pests and diseases of agricultural crops. Thesis of reports (December, 10-12 1974). Erevan: Armenia SSR Research Institute of Plant Protection. p. 28-29 (in Russian).
Gusev V.G., Ermolenko V.M., Svishshuk V.V. & Shmigovs.kii K.A. 1962. K.A. Atlas of Ukrainian insects. Kiev. Radian.ska Shkola. 224 pp. (in Ukrainian).
Ermolenko V.M. 1974. Family of true sawflies, or tenthredinids -Tenthredinidae. In: Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. Arthropoda (Vasiliev V.P., ed). V.2. Kiev. Urozhai. p. 411-468 (in Russian).
Kalibernova N.M. & Terekhina N.V. 2004. Area of pear tree (Pyrus communis L.). St. Petersburg.
Kalibernova N.M. & Terekhina N.V. 2004. Area of cherry tree (Prunus avium L.). St. Petersburg.
Kartasheva T.T. 1964. Kirgizia pest sawflies. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei I boleznei. N10. p. 41-42 (in Russian).
Loginova A.M., Samoilova Z.I. & Goryacheva E.I. 1960. Pear Sawfly. In: Ansin A.N., ed. Review of distribution of main pests and diseases of agricultural crops in 1959 year and forecast of them occurrence in 1960 year. Leningrad: VIZR. p. 56 (in Russian).
Makarova I.S., Serebryakova V.I. & Tikhonov N.P. 1967. In: Fedorova Y.A., ed. Pests of fruit and berry crops. Distribution of pests and diseases of agricultural crops in RSFSR in 1966 year and forecast of them occurrence in 1967 year. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat. p. 129-137 (in Russian).
Matesova G.Ya. & Mityaev I.D. 1962. Insects damaging fruit and berry plants in Urdzhar and Makaichin districts of Semipalatinsk Region. In: Materials on studying insects of Kazakhstan (Marikovskii P.I. ed.). Alma-Ata. Acad. sci. of Kazakh USR. p. 46-57 (in Russian).
Matesova G.Ya., Mityaev I.D. & Yukhnevich L.A. 1962. Review of insects damaging fruit, berry plants and grape in South-Western Kazakhstan. In: Materials on studying insects of Kazakhstan (Marikovskii P.I. ed.). Alma-Ata. Acad. sci. of Kazakh USR. p. 3-46 (in Russian).
Minyaeva T.A. 1955. Biology of Pear Sawfly (Caliroa limacina Retz.) in Alma-Ata Region. In: Dragavtsev A.P., ed. Proceedings of Kazakhstan State Agricultural Institute. Alma-Ata: Kazakhskoe gosudarstvennoe izdatel.stvo. V. 5. Issue 1. p. 309-310 (in Russian).
Minyaeva T.A. 1960. Biology of Pear Sawfly (Caliroa limacina Retz.) in Alma-Ata Region. In: Almaniyazov A.A., ed. Proceedings of Kazakhstan State Agricultural Institute.Alma-Ata: Kazakhskoe gosudarstvennoe izdatel.stvo. Agronomical series. V. 8. Issue 4. p. 231-239 (in Russian).
Mirzoyan S.A. 1970. Sawflies and horntails as pests of woods and shrubs of Armenia. Proceedings of Plant Protection Institute Acad. agric. sci. Armenia. Erevan. p. 95-118. (in Russian).
Mishnev A.K. 1974. Pests of cherry and bird-cherry in Belgorod and Kharkov Regions. In: Litvinov B.M., ed. Agricultural crops protection against pests, diseases and weeds. Proceedings of Dokuchaev V.V. Kharkov Agricultural Institute. Kharkov. V. 202. p. 47-52 (in Russian).
Mitlyuchenko K.Z. 1951. On the mass reproduction of Pear Sawfly in Western Siberia. In: Leonov I.M., ed. Proceedings of Novosibirsk Agricultural Institute. Novosibirsk. Issue 8. p. 167-168 (in Russian).
Onufreichik K.M. 1969. On the food specialization of Caliroa limacina Retz. In: Sapalev G.B., ed. Scientific bases for increase of agricultural crops yield in Grodnensk Region. Proceedings. Gorki: Grodnensk Agricultural Institute. Issue 5. p. 137-141 (in Russian).
Pankevich T.P. 1967. Ecology of Pear Sawfly (Caliroa limacina Retz.) in Belarus. In: Zaitseva T., ed. Fauna and ecology of Belarus insects. Minsk. p. 113-120 (in Russian).
Pankevich T.P. 1979 Sawflies (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinoidea) are pests of fruit and berry crops in Belarus. In: Lopatin I.K., ed. Fauna and ecology of Belarus insects. Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika. p. 145-158 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M. & Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Population strength and distribution of pests and their entomophages in fruit and berry cultures in various agricultural zones of the USSR (on the basis of long-term data). Keys of harmful and useful insects and mites of and berry crops in the USSR (compiled by Kopaneva L.M.). Leningrad. Kolos. p. 6-45 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya. 1963. Distribution of pests and diseases of agricultural crops in Russian Federarion in 1962 and forecast of their appearance in 1963. (Polyakov I.Ya. & Chumakov A.E., eds). Ministry of Agriculture, RSFSR. All-Union Institute of Plant Protection. 200 pp. (in Russian).
Popov V.V. 1949. Order Hymenoptera. Hymenopteran. In: Harmful animals of Middle Asia (handbook). (Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakel.berg A.A., eds.). Moscow . Leningrad. Acad. of Sci. USSR. p. 199-204. (in Russian).
Sagitov A.O.& Ismukhambetov Zh.D., eds. 2004. Handbook on plant protection. Almaaty. Publishing house Rond. 320 pp. (in Russian).
Sateev A.F. 1977. Pear Sawfly. Sadovodstvo N9. p. 27 (in Russian).
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of pests of fruit and berry crops. Kiev. Urozhai. 207 pp. (in Russian).
Skorikova O.A. 1960. Sawflies harmful to fruit and berry crops. Moscow . Leningrad. Publishing House of Agricultural Literature. 73 pp. (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., Markov V.F., Belyaeva L.I. et al., eds. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian).
Tryapitsin V.A. & Zhelokhovtsev A.N. 1981. Order Hymenoptera. I. Suborder Symphyta. In: Insects and mites as pests of agricultural crops. Hymenoptera and Diptera. (Tryapitsin V.A. & Narchuk E.P., eds.). 4. Leningrad. Publishing house .Nauka.. 1981. p 7-32 (in Russian).
Tsinovskii Y.P. 1953. Latvia SSR insects. Horntails and sawflies. Riga: Izdatel.stvo AN Latviiskoi SSR. p. 138 (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P. 1955. Pear Sawfly Caliroa limacina Retz. In: Pests of fruit plantations. Kiev: Izdatel.stvo AN USSR. p. 124-127 (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P. & Livshts I.Z. 1984. Orchard pests. In: True sawflies (Tenthredinidae). Second revised edition. Moscow: Kolos. p. 252-253 (in Russian).
Zayanchkauskas P.A. 1958. Sawflies (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinoidea) are pests fruit trees, berry bushes and roses in Lithuania SSR. PhD Thesis. Vilnyus: Kapsukas V. Vilnyus State University. 32 pp (in Russian).
Zhelokhovtsev A.N. 1988. Order Hymenoptera. Suborder Symphyta (Chalastogastra). In: Keys to insects of European part of the USSR. V. 3. Part. 6. Leningrad: Nauka. 288 p. (in Russian).
Zhelokhovtsev A.N. & Zinov.ev, A.G. 1996. A list of the sawflies and horntails (Hymenoptera, Symphyta) of the fauna of Russia and adjacent territories. Entomol. Review 75 (2): 357-359 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova, Yu.M. Malysh, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description).

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