Area of distribution and damage of Calliteara pudibunda L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I.Ovsyannikova & I.Ya.Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000 . 1: 17 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map. Area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within the limits of the C. pudibunda area in the USSR territory, the zone of low damage is allocated where the pest has economic significance. Economic thresholds proposed for the complex of bud-eating and phyllophagous Lepidoptera; i.e., 8-10% of damaged buds and 20-25% of damaged leaves after bud blossoming by caterpillars (Dolzhenko, 2004), are used here.

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials and maps. The map compiled by V.V.Kozhanchikov (1950) is taken as a prototype. The northern border of the area follows the above-mentioned map from the Finnish-Karelian borderto Omsk region (Kozhanchikov, 1950, fig.76; Kullberg et al., 2001; Charushinoi & Shernin, 1974). The species also inhabitsthe Primorskii Territory (Zolotarenko & Dubatolov, 2003; Chistyakov, 2003); older records of the species from the otherregions of the Russian Far East are excluded from the area, as they belong to Calliteara modesta Kirby (Chistyakov, 2003).The southern border of the area follows map and data of Kozhanchikov (1950); therefore, Astrakhan. Region is excluded and some regions of Northern Kazakhstan are included in the area. In addition to Kozhanchikov, the whole Crimea and Caucasus are included after the subsequent publications of Nekrutenko YU.P. (1974); Akhundova L.M. & Efendi R.E. (1979); Kuznetsov V.I. (1999). The species is also known from mountain localities of the Middle Asia, but precise collection points are not listed in references. The pest is dangerous for orchard cultures in the south of the European part of Russia, in Ukraine, Moldova, and Transcaucasia. The zone of low damage is outlined after reference books (Nekrutenko, 1974; Kuznetsov, 1999) and other references cited below, being corrected after the map of industrial cultivation of fruit plants (Tochenov et al., 1984).

Reference citations:

Akhundova L.M., Efendi R.E. 1979. Tussock Moths (Lepidoptera, Orgyidae), pests of ornamental park and fruit plants. In: Ismailov A.S., ed. Scientific Works of Azerbaijan University. Biol. Sci. V.4. Baku: Azerb. GU, p. 23-26 (in Russian).
Babenko Z.S. 1982. Phytophagous insects of fruit and berry plants in forest zone of Ob River Region. Tomsk: Tomsk University, 268 p. (in Russian).
Charushina A.N. & Shernin A.I. 1974. Order Lepidoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region, V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI: 351-477 (in Russian).
Chistyakov Yu.A. 2003. Lymantriidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects of the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka: 603-631 (in Russian).
Danilevskii A.S. 1961. Photoperiodic response and seasonal development of insects. Leningrad: LGU, 243 p. (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Geispits K.F. 1953. Reaction of monovoltine Lepidoptera to daytime longevity. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 33: 17-34 (in Russian).
Geispits K.F. & Zarankina A.I. 1957. Features of photoperiodic reaction of Dasychira pudibunda L. (Lepidoptera, Orgyidae). Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 42(1): 29-39 (in Russian).
Kobakhidze D.N. 1957. Harmful entomofauna in agricultural crops of Georgia. Tbilisi: AN Gruz. SSR, 274 p. (in Russian).
Krishtal. O.P. 1959. Agricultural insect pests in Ukrainian forest-steppe and forest belts. Kyiv: Kyiv University, 360 p. (in Ukrainian).
Kullberg J., Albrecht A., Kaila L. &Varis V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Kuznetsov V.I. 1999. Lymantriidae (Liparidae, Orgyidae). In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka: 279-320 (in Russian).
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1974. Lymantriidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai: 357-361 (in Russian).
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (in Russian).
Shtakel.berg A.A., ed. 1955. Forest pests. Reference book. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, V. 1, 1097 p. (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P. & Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 p. (in Russian).
Vorontsov A.I. 1982. Forest entomology. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 384 p. (in Russian).
Zolotarenko G.S. & Dubatolov V.V. 2003. Lymantriidae - Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. Novosibirsk: Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences,

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © E.I.Ovsyannikova, I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map); I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR, picture).

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