Area and damage zones of Contarinia medicaginis Kieff.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map is composed of 3 thematic layers. Zones of distribution and damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The insect area is divided into zones of high and low damage using the published materials. The zone of low damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical increase of number of larvae in ground (at a depth to 10 cm) to 80 per square meter during early spring period, while the zone of high damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical increase of number of larvae above 80 per square meter (Shuster, Krisachenko, 1980).

Method of map production:

The northern border has been also marked after the published materials (Mamaev, 1964; Vasil'ev, 1973). The northern part of area is located in Baltic States. The species is marked in Siberia, Ural, Amur Basin Region. The borders of zones of different harmfulness are given, using criteria that have been published by T.P.Kolomoets & N.S.Turaev (1977), M.B.Ruban et al (1987), etc. Low harming activity is reported in steppe zone of Ukraine and Russia (European part), in southern part of Siberia, Transcaucasia, Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Highest harming activity is marked in forest, forest-steppe zone of Ukraine, forest-steppe zone of Russia (European part, Middle Ural), and in Moldova. The vector map of distribution of alfalfa within the territory of the Former USSR has been also used for the correction of damage zones (Koroleva et al., 2003). The map has been scanned; its registration and vectorization have been made by GIS-technology means.

Reference citations:

Baranov A.N. 1969. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Chief Department of Geodesy and Cartography. P. 90-91 (in Russian).
Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P. 1975. Pests and diseases of fodder cultures. Moscow: Rossel'khozizdat. p. 39 (in Russian).
Kolomoets T.P., Turaev N.S. 1977. Morphological and biological features of gall midges, inhabiting Fabaceae in Ural and neighboring regions of West Siberia and Kazakhstan. In: Turaev N.S, ed. Insect pests of Fabaceae plants in Ural. Proceedings of Sverdlovsk agricultural institute. Vol. 46. Perm': Perm' agricultural institute. 69-132 p. (in Russian).
Koroljeva I.E., Vilchevskaya E.V., Ruhovich D.I. 2003. Digital Arable land and Alfalfa distribution Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia
Kralovich Ya. 1960. Alfalfa protection against lucerne flower midge. International agricultural journal 4: 36-44 (in Russian).
Kral'ovich Ya. 1962. The influence of humidity on lucerne flower midge Contarinia medicaginis Kieff. pupation. In: Kryshtal'A.F., ed. Problems of ecology. Proceedings of Kiev university. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. p. 87 (in Russian).
Mamaev B.M. 1967. Family Cecidomyiidae - midges. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Keys to insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 5(1). Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka. P. 411 (in Russian).
Ruban M.B., Vigera S.M. & Shelikhov A.G. 1986. Basis for protection measures against lucerne flower midge at intensification of alfalfa seed production in Ukraine. In: Lisovoi M.P., ed. Plant protection. Republican thematic scientific proceedings, N 34. Kiev: Urozhai. 13-16 p. (in Russian).
Ruban M.B., Roiko N.L., Vigera S.M., Goncharenko O.I., Roik D.A. 1986. Lucerne flower midge and control measures. In: Peresypkin V.F., Kirik N.N., ed. Agricultural plants protection against pests and diseases. Proceedings of Ukrainian agricultural Academy. Kiev: Ukrainian SKhA. 34-39 p. (in Russian).
Shuster M.M., Krisachenko V.S. 1980. Forecasting lucerne flower midge. Zashchita rastenii 7: 38 (in Russian).
Sobol' G.E. 1951. Lucerne flower midge (Contarinia medicaginis Kieff.) and control measures. In: Koshik A.K., ed. Mass outbreaks of animals and their forecasting. Proceedings of second ecological conference (Kiev, 1950), vol. 3. Kiev: Ukrainian University. 220-222 p. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 513 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © M.N.Berim & M.I.Saulich (vector map, description).

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