Area of distribution and damage of Wheat Midge Contarinia tritici (Kirby)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist - A.N. Frolov
GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using a map of scale 1:33,000,000 and information taken from published literature.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map, which consists of 2 thematic layers. Area of distribution and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the area of distribution, there was only one zone established, in which damage to grain crops was ever recorded.

Mapping procedure:

Area of distribution and damage by the species in the former USSR were determined using published literature, especially V.N. Shchegolev, et al. (1934), L. Lashuk, I. Mareev (1966), I.M. Belyaev (1974), V.M. Pospelova (1974), E.P. Narchuk & V.A. Tryapitsyn (1984), V.M. Ermolenko (1984), V.G. Nikitenko, T.S. Zakharchenko (1997), and Z.A. Fedotova (1999). In the former USSR, the species occupies the European region (except for the north), the Caucasus and Siberia. Zone of damage includes Ukraine, accumbent regions of the Russian Federation, and the Boreal Caucasus (the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories). Zones of damage were also established using published literature, including V.N. Shchegolev et al. (1934), L. Lashuk, I. Mareev (1966), I.M. Belyaev (1974), V.M. Pospelova (1974), E.P. Narchuk & V.A. Tryapitsyn (1984), V.M.Ermolenko (1984), and Anonym (1997). Distribution range was specified according to the vector map of areas containing the greatest distribution of grain wheat and rye.

Sources of data:

Anonym. 1993. Norgic guideline No 14. Biological evaluation of pesticides. 1. Wheat blossom midges. - Nordic guidelines for biological evaluation of pesticides. Norwegian J. Agric. Sci. Suppl. N 10. p. 11-14.
Anonym. 1997. Distribution of main pests and diseases of agricultural crops in Krasnodar Territory in 1996 and forecast of their appearance in 1997. Krasnodar: Regional Station on plant protection, 32 p. (In Russian).
Barnes, H. F. 1941. Studies of fluctuations in insect populations VIII. The wheat blossom midges on Broadbalk, 1932-1940. - J. anim. Ecol. v. 10, p. 94-120.
Barnes, H. F. 1952. Studies of fluctuations in insect populations XIII. An improved method of ascertaining the correct date to sample when assessing larval infestations of the wheat blossom midges. - Ann. appl. Biol. v. 39, p. 374-378.
Basedow, Th. 1977. The influence of temperature and precipitation on diapause and phenology of wheat blossom midges Contarinia tritici (Kirby) and Sitodipsosis mosellana (Gehin) (Diptera, Cecidomyidae). - Zool. Jb. Syst., v. 104, p. 302-326 (In German)
Basedow, Th. 1977. About flight of wheat blossom midges Contarinia tritici (Kirby) and Sitodipsosis mosellana (Gehin) (Diptera, Cecidomyidae) in relation with direction of wind and wheat fields. - Z. ang. Entmol. Bd. 83. S. 173-183. (In German)
Basedow, Th. 1980. Studies on forecasting the attack by wheat blossom midges, Contarinia tritici (Kirby) and Sitodipsosis mosellana (Gehin) (Diptera, Cecidomyidae). I. The critical numbers of larvae in the soil. - Z. ang. Entmol. v. 90. p. 292-299. (In German).
Basedow, Th., Schutte, F., 1973. New data on oviposition, economic threshold, and control of wheat blossom midges (Diptera; Cecidomyidae). - Z. ang. Entmol. v. 73. p. 251-255. (In German)
Belyaev, I.M. 1974. Pests of grain. Moscow: Kolos. 284 p. (In Russian)
Ermolenko, V.M. 1984. Atlas of insect pests of field crops. Kiev: Urozhai. 128 p. (In Ukrainian)
Fedotova, Z.A. 1999. To a gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) fauna of Middle Volga. Bulletin "Samara Luka". Is. 9/10. Saksonov, S.V., ed. Samara. p. 51-82. (In Russian)
Lashuk, L., Mareev, I. 1966. Wheat blossom midge. - Plant Protection and Quarantine. n. 5, p. 55. (In Russian)
Lubke, M., Wetzel, Th. 1985. Research for monitoring of yellow wheat blossom midge (Contarinia tritici (Kirby)). - Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR. v. 39, n 9. p. 182-185. (In German)
Mamaev, B.M. 1962. Gall midges, their biology and economic value. Moscow: AN Sci. USSR, 71 p. (In Russian)
McMahon, E. 1962. Wheat blossom midge investigations. - Sci. Proc. B, Royal Dublin Soc. v. 1. p. 47-57.
Mullin, J., Fox, D., Brady, J.J. 1952. Wheat midge. - Nature. v. 169. n 4302. p.629-630.
Narchuk, E.P. & Tryapitsyn, V.A., eds. 1984. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 4. Hymenoptera and Diptera. Leningrad: Nauka, 221 p. (in Russian).
Nikitenko, V.G. & Zakharchenko, T.S. 1997. Stavropol Area: wheat midge. - Agro XXI. N 1. p. 9. (In Russian)
Pospelova, V.M. 1974. Insect pests of agricultural crops in forest Ob' Region. Tomsk: Publ. House Tomsk Univ. 148 p. (In Russian)
Shchegolev, V.N., Znamenskii, A.V. & Bei-Bienko, G.Ya. 1934. Insect pests of field crops. Leningrad - Moscow: Sel'khosgiz. 464 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 by A.N. Frolov & M.I. Saulich (vector map, description), Stanislav Kalt (picture of larva) ( The picture of the adult is taken from Norgic guideline No 14. (1994).

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