Area of distribution and damage of Limabean Pod Borer (Etiella zinckenella Tr.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist on object - A.N. Frolov, GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from published literature and map of scale 1:33 000 000 and 1:35 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers reflecting distribution and 2 zones of damage shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within the area of distribution we selected a zone of moderate pest damage (south of Ukraine, North Caucasus, lower Volga, south of Moldavia), where average crop losses of grain legumes can reach 5-6% (Shchegolev et al., 1934; Dobrovol'skii, 1959; Rafal'skii, 1965; and others). Zone of low harm (where crop losses are less than 5%, as a rule) covers the European territories with grain legume growing, and the Asian territories with soybean growing, where average July temperature does decrease below 20°C (Viktorov, 1956).

Procedure of map drawing:

The distribution area of the Limabean Pod Borer was compiled on the basis of published material (Shchegolev et al., 1934; Arnol'di et al., 1949; Belyaev et al., 1988; Kuznetsov, 1999). Zones of damage were determined according to materials listed below (Shchegolev et al., 1934; Dobrovol.skii, 1959; Rafal'skii, 1965, etc.). Zone of distribution was specified, using map of vegetation (Barysheva et al., 1992), and the zone of damage was specified according to use of arable lands vector layer according to I.E. Koroleva et al. (2003). The blank maps with images of distribution area and pest damage zones were scanned. Its registration and vectoring were fulfilled using standard tools of GIS-technologies.

Sources of data:

Anonym, 1997. The forecast of appearance and distribution of pests, diseases of agricultural crops, weeds, quarantine objects on the territory of Rostov Region in 1997 and recommended measures of their control. Rostov-na-Donu: MSKh i prod. Rossii, 128 p. (In Russian)
Anonym. 1973. Pests and diseases of agricultural plants in Crimea (forecast of their appearance in 1973 and their control). Simferopol: Tavriya. 88 p. (In Russian).
Anonym. 1989. The forecast of distribution of main pests, diseases, and weeds of agricultural crops and recommendations on their control in farms of Ukrainian SSR in 1989. Kiev: Gos. agroprom. komitet Ukrainskoi SSR, 157 p. (In Russian)
Arnol'di L.V., Borkhsenius N.S., eds. 1949. Harmful animals of Middle Asia (reference book). Moscow - Leningrad: AN SSSR. 404 p. (In Russian).
Babich, A.A. 1988. Damage of seeds of soybean by limabean pod borer and its control in Ukraine. In: Biologia i vozdelyvaniye soi. Vladivistok. P. 199-202 (In Russian).
Barysheva Yu.A., Bruk S.I., Dmitriev A.V., Stroev K.V., Sutormin A.I., Shashko D.I., Yagust S.I. 1992. Zones of vegetation types. In: Geographical Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Com. Geodesy and cartography of the USSR. 48 pp. (In Russian)
Belyaev, E.A. et al., eds. 1988. Butterflies - pests of agriculture in the Far East. Keys. Vladivostok: Biology and Soil Institute, DO AN SSSR, 285 p. (in Russian).
Dobrovol.skii, B.V. 1959. Distribution of insect pests. Foci and zones of maximum harm. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 215 p. (in Russian).
Belyaev, I.M. 1974. Pests of grain crops. Moscow: Kolos. 284 p. (in Russian).
Ermolenko, V.M. 1984. Atlas of insect pests of agricultural crops. Kiev: Urozhai. 128 p. (In Ukrainian)
Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. 1999. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants, V. 3. Lepidoptera, part 2. St.Petersburg: Nauka. 407 p. (In Russian)
Meshalova, A.D. 1953. Limabean pod borer and its control. In: Voprosy selektsii i agrotekhniki soi v SSSR. Sbornik nauchno-issl. rabot Vses. In-ta soi i kleshcheviny. Moscow: Gos. Izd-vo sel'skokhoz. lit., P. 137-145 (In Russian)
Pakkanen P. Butterfly and moth observations from Finland. ). 2003.
Paruta, T.P. 1963. Biological peculiarities of limabean pod borer in Moldavia. In: Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh, posvyashchennoi voprosam uvelicheniya proizvodstva zernovykh, zernobobovykh i tekhnicheskikh kul.tur. Kishinev: Moldavian Institute of Breeding, Seed Production, and Agrotechnics of Field Crops. P. 120-121 (In Russian)
Pavlov, I.F. 1983. Field crops protection from pests. Moscow: Rossel'khozizdat, 224 p. (in Russian)
Pilyugina, O.A. 1951. Limabean pod borer and its control. In: Kratkie itogi nauchnoi raboty za 3 goda (1947-1949). Krasnodar: Nauchno-issled. In-t soi i kleshcheviny. P. 171-179 (In Russian)
Rafal'skii, A.K. 1965. Limabean pod borer on the south of Ukraine and its control. Abstract of Candidate Thesis Agric. Sci. Kiev: Ukrainian Agric. Academy, 21 p. (In Russian)
Rodova, R.A. 1950. Lima pod borer and its control. Trudy po agromelioratsii. Nauchnyi otchet za 1948 god. Kiev - Kharkov: Ukrainian Institute of Agrosilviculture and Forestry. P. 242-246 (In Russian)
Sakharov, N.L. 1947. Harmful insects of lower Volga area. Saratov: OGIZ, 423 p. (In Russian)
Shchegolev, V.N., Znamenskii, A.V. & Bei-Bienko, G.Ya. 1934. Insects harming to field crops. Leningrad - Moscow: OGIZ - Sel'khozgiz, 464 p. (In Russian)
Sichkar., V.I., Grikun, O.A. & Lobko V.N. 1984. Genotypic differences of soybean cultivars for host plant resistance to limapod borer. In: Voprosy integrirovannoi zashchity soii to vreditelei I boleznei. Scientific Technical Bull. All-Russian Inst. of Soybean. Novosibirsk. N 21. P. 16-20 (In Russian)
Viktorov, G.A. 1956. Role of parasitic insects in mass reproduction of limabean pod borer (Etiella zinckenella Tr.). Zool. zhurn. 35(1): 59-73 (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © A.N.Frolov & M.I.Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description);
Photo © V.V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

Web design —
Kelnik studios