Area of distribution and damage of Euproctis chrysorrhoea L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from state publications and maps of scale 1:33,000,000-1:200,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Distribution area and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the boundaries of the pest distribution area within the former USSR, 2 zones were allocated -- zones of moderate and low damage. In the zone of moderate damage, the number of E. chrysorrhoea usually exceeds the economic threshold under favorable weather conditions for egg laying and caterpillar hatching. The economic threshold is 1 nest per 2-3 m3 of tree crown before bud blossoming and 8-12% damaged leaves after bud blossoming, which corresponds to 12-15 caterpillars per 100 branches (Dolzhenko, 2004). In the zone of low damage, the number occasionally (1-2 times in one decade) reaches this economic threshold.

Mapping procedure:

The map was compiled following an analysis of published materials and maps. The map by Kozhanchikov (1950) was used as a prototype. The Uralsk (Oral) Region of Kazakhstan was included in the distribution area based on Bashmakov (1958) and Kuznetsov (1999); the border of the moderate damage zone in the North Caucasus and Ukraine was corrected according to Dobrovol.skii (1959) and Vasil.ev (1955). Records of the species in southern and northern Kazakhstan and in Middle Asia (D.yakonov & Kozhanchikov; Polyakov, 1984; Miralibekov, 1986) actually refer to other species of the genus Euproctis (E. karghalica Moore and E. similis Fuessly) according to Zolotarenko & Dubatolov (2002) and Kuznetsov (1999). The species is nocuous in the forest soil-vegetation zone and is even more dangerous in forest-steppe and steppe zones (Kozhanchikov, 1950; Dobrovol.skii, 1949, 1959; Vasil.ev, 1955; Nekrutenko, 1974; Vasil.ev & Livshits, 1984). The zone of moderate damage within areas of industrial fruit cultivation (Tochenov, 1984) was determined according to published data (Polyakov et al., 1984; etc.). The zone of low damage coincides with areas of industrial fruit cultivation that were not included in the zone of moderate damage (see sources of the data).

Sources of data:

Barsov V.A. 1973. Bioecology and feeding of Euproctis chrysorrhoea L. in conditions of SE Ukraine. PhD Thesis. Dnepropetrovsk: DneprGU, 16 p. (in Russian).
Bashmakov N.I., ed. 1958. System of agriculture in the West-Kazakhstan Region. Alma-Ata: Kazgosizdat, 199 p. (in Russian).
Batiashvili I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Ganatleba, 336 p. (in Russian).
Charushina A.N., Shernin A.I. 1974. Lepidoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Animal world of Kirov Region. V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI: 351-477 (in Russian).
D.yakonov A.M. & Kozhanchikov I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR: 179-198 (in Russian).
Dmitriev P.P. 1972. Peculiarities of formation of the Browntail foci in the Orenburg Region. Zashchita rastenii 9: 42 (in Russian).
Dobrovol.skii B.V. 1949. Browntail in Don and Northern Caucasus. In: Scientific notes of Rostov University. V. 15 (Works of Biol. Dep., N 6): 35-45 (in Russian).
Dobrovol.skii B.V. 1959. Distribution of insect pests. Foci and zones of maximum harm. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 216 p. (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Kozhanchikov V.V. 1950. Orgyidae. In: Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakel.berg A.A., eds. Fauna of the USSR. Lepidoptera. V.12. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 581 p. (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1999. Lymantriidae (Liparidae, Orgyidae). In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka: 279-320 (in Russian).
Lozovoi D.I. 1955. Browntail in parks and forests of Georgia. Vestnik Tbilisskogo Bot. sada (Tbilisi: AN Gruz. SSR) 62: 135-193 (in Russian).
Miralibekov N. 1986. Ecological and faunistic review of insects - pests of fruit crops in the Western Pamirs. In: Chikatunov V.I., ed. Fauna, ecology and zoogeography of Pamirs. Dushanbe: Donish: 50-55 (in Russian).
Mirzoyan S.A. 1954. To question on reproduction of Operophthera brumata, Erannis defoliaria, Lymantria dispar, Euproctis chrysorrhoea in forests of Armenia. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk ArmSSR. Biol. i s/kh nauki, 7(1): 83-88 (in Russian).
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1974. Lymantriidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai: 357-361 (in Russian).
Pokozii I.T. 1962. Browntail and its harmfulness in forest belts. In: Grinchenko A.M., ed. Problens of Agricultural Entomology and Zoology. Proc. Kharkov Agr. Inst. V. 36 (73). Kharkov: Kharkov Agr. Inst.: 116-148 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-45 (in Russian).
Shengeliya E.S. 1966. Lasiocampidae. In: Dzhaparidze N.I., ed. Invertebrate fauna of Trialet mountain range. Tbilisi: Metsniereba: 147-149 (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 p. (in Russian).
Vasil'ev V.P. 1955. Pests of fruit crops. Kiev: AN Ukr.SSR. 265 p. (in Russian).
Vorontsov A.I. 1982. Forest entomology. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 384 p. (in Russian).
Zolotarenko G.S. & Dubatolov V.V. 2002. Lymantriidae. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum.

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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