Distribution area and damage zones of Common Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa) .

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist A.N. Frolov
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Maps of scale 1:8,000,000-1:10,000,000 and 1:33,000,000 as well as other published materials have been used.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 2 layers. Distribution area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the limits of the distribution area, the zone of damage includes regions in which the insect population density in the pest.s preferred habitats (banks of reservoirs, hotbeds, vegetable gardens, etc.) reaches 1-2 or more individuals per m2.

Mapping procedure:

The map of the Common Mole Cricket.s distribution was drawn based on published data (Shchegolev et al., 1934; Klechkovskii, 1962a; Kryzhanovskii, Dantsig, 1972; Vasilev, 1973) and corrected in accordance with modern knowledge of the species group taxonomy (Zhantiev, 1991). The chart of the Common Mole Cricket.s distribution by Hill (1978) does not reflect the real distribution of the insect in the former USSR, and it has been rejected. Registration and vectorization of raster images was executed using standard GIS technologies. The northern border of the Common Mole Cricket.s distribution area runs across the territories of Leningrad, Kostroma, the Kirov Regions, and Udmurtia; the western border runs along the Ural Mountains and the Volga River basin; the southern border follows the approximate line Kishinev - Astrakhan' (Shegolev et al., 1934; Kryzhanovskii & Dantsig, 1972; Vasilev, 1973; Zhantiev, 1991). Information from the following literature was used to define the boundaries of the zone of damage: Shchegolev et al., 1934; Dobrovol.skii, 1959; Kryzhanovskii, Dantsig, 1972; Vasilev, 1973; Lakhidov, 1976. The boundaries were corrected using Zhantiev (1991).

Sources of data:

Anonym. 1967. Pests and diseases of agricultural crops in the Kharkov region (Prognoz poyavleniya v 1967 godu i mery bor'by). Kharkov: Prapor, 109 p. (in Russian).
Anonym. 1973. Pests and diseases of agricultural crops in Crimea (Prognoz poyavleniya v 1973 godu i mery bor'by). Simpferopol: Tavriya, 88 p. (in Russian).
Anonym. 1980. Forecast of agricultural pests and diseases appearance in April, 1980 and brief recommendations for their control. Kishinev: Soyuzno-Respublikanskoye Gos.-Koop. Proizv.-Nauchn Ob'edineniye po agrokhim. obsluzhivaniyu selsk. khoz-va Moldavskoi SSR, 19 p. (in Russian).
Arnoldi, L.V. & Borkhsenius, N.S., eds. 1949. Harmful animals of Middle Asia (Reference book). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 404 p. (in Russian).
Dobrovol'skii, B.V. 1959. Distribution of insect pests. Foci and zones of maximum harm. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 216 p. (in Russian).
Hill D. 1978. Agricultural insect rests of temperate regions and their control. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press. 650 p.
Karaeva, V.Sh. 1959. To the study of Mole Cricket biology in Kabardino-Balkaria. In: Scientific transactions of Kabardino-Balkaria Univ., v. 6, ser. agric. and biol., Nalchik: Kabardino-Balkaria Univ. Press, p. 165-176 (in Russian).
Kazmina, G.T., ed. 1974. Reference book of the Far-Eastern agriculturist. Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Publishing House, 357 p. (in Russian).
Klechkovskii, E.R. 1962a. To the question on the population dynamics and ways to forecast the Mole Cricket numbers in the Voronezh Region. In: Problems of ecology. V. 7. (Voprosy ekologii nazemnykh bespozvonochnykh. Mater. 4th ekologich. konf.). Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, p. 75-76 (in Russian).
Klechkovskii, E.R. 1962b. Distribution and some questions of biology of Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa L.) in the Voronezh Region. In: Nature Protection in Central Chernozem Belt (Okhrana Prirody Tsentral'no-Chernozemnoi Polosy), No 4, Voronezh, p. 233-239 (in Russian).
Klechkovskii, E.R. 1967. To the knowledge of natural pestholes and temporal reservations of Common Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa L.) in afforested flood-lands of Central Chernozem area. In: Harmful and useful insects. Voronezh: VEO AN SSSR, p. 233-238 (in Russian).
Kobakhidze, D.N. 1960. Common Mole Cricket in the USSR. Tbilisi: AS Georgian SSR, 60 p. (in Russian).
Kryzhanovskii, O.L. & Dantsig, E.M., eds. 1972. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 1. Primitive insects. Leningrad: Nauka, 323 p. (in Russian).
Lakhidov, A.I., ed. 1976. The system of estimation and forecast of development of pests and diseases of field crops in Central-Chernozem Region. Voronezh: Tsentral'no-Chernozemnoe Publishing House, 274 p. (in Russian).
Shamuratov, G.Sh. 1979. Foundations for field crop protection against pests in Karakalpakstan. Nukus: Kara-Kalpakstan, 350 p. (in Russian).
Shchegolev, V.N., Znamenskii, A.V. & Bei-Bienko, G.Ya. 1934. Insect pests on field crops. Leningrad & Moscow: Sel'khozgiz, 364 p. (in Russian).
Vasil'ev, V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 496 p. (in Russian).
Vinnichenko, I.F. 1975. To the question on Common Mole Cricket fecundity. In: Plant Protection [Zashita rastenii (Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik)], Proc. Kishinev SKHI (Kishinev), v. 145, p. 57-62 (in Russian).
Zhantiev, R.D. 1991. Mole Crickets (Orthoptera, Gryllotalpidae) of the European part of the USSR and the Caucasus. Zool. Zhurn., 70(6), p. 69-76 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © A.N. Frolov & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); G.N. Kurilin (Darwin State Museum; photo).

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