Area of distribution and damage of Hedya nubiferana Hw.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the limits of the territory of the former USSR only a zone of low damage was allocated. Here the pest has economic significance with the following economic thresholds: 5-8% damaged buds or 3 caterpillars per running meter before flowering of fruit cultures (during the phase of green tops); 15 caterpillars per 100 rosettes during the phase of red buds (Dolzhenko, 2004). H. nubiferana is sometimes able to cause considerable damage to generative organs in some orchards according to Tyumeneva (1937), Romanova (1949) and Kuznetsov (1994), but the pest is mainly counted together with all orchard pests. Treatments against bud pests and Codling Moth also reduce the H. nubiferana population density.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. Its area in the former USSR was outlined according to the following reference data on the species distribution: Romanova (1949), Minder (1959), Galetenko (1960), Fal.kovich (1962), Arakelyan (1964), Kostyuk (1974), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Pralya (1992), Kuznetsov (1994) and others listed below. Reference data testify that H. nubiferana inhabits all of the European part of the USSR (except the North), the Urals and South Siberia. Nevertheless, literature data on its occurrence in the North are scanty. The northern border of the area in the European part passes from the Kuusamo borderland (Finland and Karelia; Kullberg et al., 2001) through coastal areas of the White Sea southward (Kuznetsov, 1994), then along the northern border of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984) toward Ural. In Middle Asia the species is known from Turkmenistan according to Krasil.nikova (1967) and Dubatolov (2000). High mountains of the Caucasus and desert lands of the Caspian Depression were excluded from the area. The south of West Siberia was included based on Kostyuk (1974), Prokof.ev (1987) and Kuznetsov (1994, 2001). The species is absent in the Far East. The zone of low damage includes steppe zone of Russia and the Ukraine, as well as Armenia according to the following sources: Arakelyan (1964), Kostyuk (1974), Kuznetsov (1994). It was corrected along borders of the steppe zone (Barysheva et al., 1992) and along areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984).

Reference citations:

Arakelyan A.O. 1964. Review of orchard pests in Debedashen district of Armenia. In: Aivazyan P.K., ed. Proc. of the Armenian research institute of viniculture, winemaking and fruit growing. N 6-7. Erevan: Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia. 428-455 p. (In Russian)
Barysheva Yu.A., Bruk S.I., Dmitriev A.V., Stroev K.V., Sutormin A.I., Shashko D.I., Yagust S.I. 1992. Zones of soil-vegetation types. Geographical Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Com. Geodesy and cartography of the USSR. 48 p. (In Russian)
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (In Russian)
Dubatolov V.V. 2000. Tortricidae - Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. Novosibirsk: Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Novosibirsk: .
Fal.kovich M.I. 1962. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of Leningrad Region. In: Stackelberg A.A., ed. Fauna of Leningrad Region and Karelia. Materials on invertebrate fauna. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR. 48-80 p. (In Russian)
Galetenko S.M. 1960. Tortricid pests of orchards in Crimea. In: Livshits I.Z., ed. Pests and diseases of fruit and decorative plants. Proc. State Bot. Garden. V. 33. Yalta: Nikitskii State Bot. Garden. 157-192 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1974. Family Tortricidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 261-320 p. (In Russian)
Krasil.nikova G.A. 1967. Review of Lepidoptera damaging fruiters in SW Turkmenistan. In: Mizgireva O.F., ed. Proc. Turkmen. Res. Station VIR. Issue 4. Ashkhabad: VIR. 223-273 p. (In Russian)
Kullberg J., Albrecht A., Kaila L., Varis V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Kuznetsov V.I. 1994. Family Tortricidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 51-234 p. (In Russian)
Minder I.F. 1959. Leafrollers damaging fruit crops in Oka bottomland. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 38(1): 98-110. (In Russian)
Ovsyannikova E.I. 2003. Optimization of phytosanitary monitoring in orchards by use of synthetic sex attractants of lepidopteran pests. PhD Thesis. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 22 p. (In Russian)
Pralya I.I. 1992. Biological basis for a modern system of actions for aple gardens protection against a complex of leafrollers. DSc Thesis. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 41 p. (In Russian)
Prokof.ev M.A. 1987. Siberian orchards protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat. 239 p. (In Russian)
Romanova V.P. 1949. Leafrollers and their parasites on forest treeas in environs of Rostov-na-Donu. In: Proc. Biol. Inst. V. 15(6). Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov Univ. 47-61 p. (In Russian)
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (In Russian)
Tyumeneva V.A. 1937. Tortricidae in orchard of Slavyansk district. In: Ivanov I.F., Rubtsov I.A., eds. Results of research works of VIZR for 1936. Part 2. Pests and diseases of technical and fruit crops. Leningrad: VIZR. 379-383 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map,); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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