Area of distribution and damage of the Cotton Bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hbn.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object biologists - M.A. Chumakov, T.L. Kuznetsova, GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:12 000 000, 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber.s Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of pest damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Three damage zones were defined within the moth area, i.e., high (more than 10 larvae/100 plants), moderate (5-10 larvae/100 plants) and low (less then 5 larvae/100 plants) damage zones. The division into zones is made due to the rise phase of the Cotton Bollworm population dynamics; during depression periods it may not reveal its highest harming activity.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. The damage and distribution zones were determined according to the following sources: Shchegolev et al. (1934), Volkov et al. (1955), Goryshin (1958), Onisimova (1959), Ismailov (1975), Poloskina & Kuznetsova (1975), Shamuratov (1979), Sukhareva (1999), Kononenko (2003). The map from VIZR (Polyakov, 1975) was used to determine the borders of the damage zones. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized.

Reference citations:

Goryshin N.I. 1958. Ecological analysis of seasonal developmental cycle of the Cotton bollworm (Chloridea obsoleta F.) in its northern areas of distribution. In: Danilevskii A.S., ed. Insect ecology. Leningrad: LGU. 3-20 p. (In Russian)
Ismailov M.G. 1975. On the history of the Cotton Bollworm (Chloridea obsoleta F.) distribution. In: Mamedova S.R., ed. Thematic collection of papers of Azerbaijan research plant protection institute. Kirovabad: AzAgrI. 84-91 p. (In Russian)
Kononenko V.S. 2003. Noctuidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects if the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka. 688 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kuznetsova T.L. 1986. Some characteristics of the cotton resistance to the Cotton Bollworm under conditions of Uzbekistan. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Bulletin VIZR. Leningrad: VIZR. N. 63: 64-68. (In Russian)
Onisimova Z.G. 1959. The Cotton bollworm - Chloridea obsoleta F. - new species for harmful entomofauna of the soviet Far East. Reports of Far Eastern branch of Siberian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Issue 11. Vladivostok: Far Eastern branch of Siberian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 144-145 p. (In Russian)
Poloskina F.M., Kuznetsova M.S. 1975. Cotton Bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hbn.). In: Polyakov I.Ya., ed. Distribution of the main pests of agricultural crops in the USSR and efficiency of their control (Methodical instructions). Leningrad: VASKHNIL, VIZR. 58-62 p. (In Russian)
Shamuratov Sh.G. 1979. Fundamentals of field crop protection against pests in Karakalpakia. Nukus: Karakalpakstan. 352 p. (In Russian)
Shchegolev V.N., Znamenskii A.V., Bei-Bienko G.Ya. 1934. Insect pests on field crops. Leningrad-Moscow: Sel.khozgiz. 364 p. (In Russian)
Sukhareva I.L. 1999. Noctuidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - agricultural pests. V. 3, part 2. Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 332-378 p. (In Russian)
Volkov A.N., Gerasimov B.A., Zaring P.V., Mushinkova K.S., Nikiforov A.M., Popov S.D., Chuvakhin V.S. 1955. Textbook on control of pests and diseases of agricultural cultivars. Moscow: Sel'khozgiz. 687 p. (In Russian)

Rights and copyrights:

All rights reserved.
Copyright 2004 © M.A. Chumakov, T.L. Kuznetsova, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description).
Photo © V.V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

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