Distribution and damage zones of Alfalfa Cyst Nematode (Heterodera medicaginis Kirjanova)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist L.A.Gus'kova,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map consisting of 2 layers. The area and zone of pest damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within the alfalfa growing area, the zone of the North Caucasus is singled out where the Alfalfa Cyst Nematode is widely distributed (more than 51% of permanently infested areas), having high severity (50% of yield losses). This nematode is not found in other regions of Russia. It is found in some fields in Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

Method of map production:

The zones of distribution and high severity of H.medicaginis are marked on the blank map with regions of alfalfa growing and with political divisions of the Former Soviet Union. The results of 1980s surveys (Terent'yeva, Alpat'yev, 1972; Dzhunusov, 1985; Artokhina, 1989) have served as the data sources. The summarized data (Polyakov et al., 1979) shows limited distribution of this species that might be explained by its endemism and oligophagous mode of life.

Sources of the data:

Artokhina V.G. 1989. The harmfulness of alfalfa cyst nematode in the conditions of lower reach of Don and the ways of its lowering. PhD Thesis. Leningrad-Pushkin: VIZR. 17 p. (in Russian).
Dzhunusov K.K. 1985. Alfalfa cyst nematode Heterodera medicaginis Kirjanova, 1971 in the steppe zone of the North Caucasus and the biological basis for the methods of its control. PhD Thesis. Leningrad-Pushkin: VIZR. 19 p. (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Terent'yeva T.G., Gus'kova L.A., Antonova V.V. 1979. Distribution of nematodes - parasites of agricultural crops in the USSR. Moscow: VASKhNIL. 32 p. (in Russian).
Terent'yeva T.G., Alpat'yev N.M. 1972. Alfalfa disease caused by Heterodera medicaginis in the North Caucasus. In: Sveshnikova N.M., ed. Nematode diseases of agricultural crops and their control. Proc. conf. Moscow: VASKhNIL. 55-56 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © L.A.Gus'kova & M.I.Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description).

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