Area of distribution and damage of Hoplocampa testudinea Klug.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist - G.E. David'yan,
GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:

11.5. 2005


1:20 000 000

Accuracy of the map:

Map was created based on a map with scale 1:33 000 000 and on information taken from literature.


.Alber.s Equal Conic for the USSR., 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the area of distribution only a zone of low damage was established according to the extent of damage to fruit crops. The threshold of harmfulness of Hoplocampa testudinea on apple is 10 females per 1 tree (pests counted by method of shaking down) before bud blossoming or 3-5 eggs per 100 flowers. In the zone of low damage the density of H. testidinea only sometimes exceeds the threshold of harmfulness (Kopaneva et al., 1984).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The map of the area was based on the following publications: Batiashvili (1959), Mirzoyan (1970), Gainanova (1972), Vasil'ev (1973), Zhelokhovtsev (1988), Zhelokhovtsev & Zinovjev (1995). In the former USSR the area includes the Baltic States, Byelorussia, Ukraine, Moldova, the European part of Russia northward to Leningrad Region, eastward to the Ural and Caucasus. The borders of the damage zone were determined according to: Gusev et al. (1962), Mirzoyan (1970), Gainanova (1972), Vasil'ev (1973), Tryapitsyn & Zhelokhovtsev (1981), Kopaneva et al. (1984). In the former USSR the zone of low damage is comprised of the territory of apple within the area of H. testudinea, also corrected according to the areas of industrial cultivation of apple and fruit crops according to Terekhina (2005), Koroleva et al. (2003).

Reference citations:

Batiashvili I.D. 1959. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Institut sel'skogo khozyaistva. 455 p. (In Russian)
Ermolenko V.M. 1984. Family Tenthredinidae. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Keys to harmful and useful insects and mites on the fruiters and berry crops in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 288 p. (In Russian)
Gainanova S.Yu. 1972. Biological peculiarities of Hoplocampa testudinea Klug. and other pests of apple orchards in Saratov Region situated on the right bank and control measures. Candidate thesis biol. sci. Saratov: Saratov SkhI. 26 p. (In Russian)
Gusev V.G., Ermolenko V.M., Svishchuk V.V., Shmigovskii K.A. 1962. The atlas of insect pests of Ukraine. Kiev: Radyans'ka Shkola. 224 p. (In Ukrainian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Mirzoyan S.A. 1970. Sawflies and horntails - the pests of bush and forest plantations of Armenia. In: Mardzhanyan G.M., ed. Collection of works of Armenian Institute of Plant Protection. V. 1. Erevan: Armenian Institute of Plant Protection. 95-118 p. (In Russian)
Sazonov A.P., Burov V.N., Sundukova N.E., Mokrousova E.P., Kolesova D.A., Zolotov L.A., Voinyak V.I., Pristavko V.P., Chernii A.M., Petrushova N.I., Medvedeva G.M., Matvievskii A.S., Maksimova V.I., Atanov N.M., Gummel R.M. 1991. Technology of practical application of biologically active compounds in the IPM on fruit and vegetable cultures against pests (recommendations). Moscow: VASKHNIL. 32 p. (In Russian)
Tryapitsyn V.A., Zhelokhovtsev A.N. 1981. Order Hymenoptera, Suborder Symphyta. In: Narchuk E.P., Tryapitsyn V.A., eds. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 4. Hymenoptera and Diptera. Leningrad: Nauka. 221 p. (In Russian)
Vasil'ev V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 496 p. (In Russian)
Zhelokhovtsev A.N. 1988. Order Hymenoptera. Suborder Symphyta (Chalastogastra).  Keys to insects of European part of the USSR. V. 3. Part. 6. Leningrad: Nauka. 288 p. (In Russian)
Zhelokhovtsev A.N., Zinov.ev A.G. A list of the sawflies and horntails (Hymenoptera, Symphyta) of the fauna of Russia and adjacent territories. I. Entomol. Review 74 (2): 395-415. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © G.E. David'yan & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description)
Photo © V.V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

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