Area of distribution and damage of Hydraecia micacea Esp.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I.Ovsyannikova & I.Ya.Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1: 1: 33 000 000 . 1 : 17 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map. Area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within the limits of the H. micacea area in the USSR territory, the zone of low damage is allocated where the pest has economic significance. Economic threshold proposed for the Turnip Moth (Agrotis segetum); i.e., 5-10 caterpillars per sq.m, or 10% of damaged plants at potato young growth stage (Tanskii, 1985) are used here because of similarity of the two species in biology and ecology.

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials and maps. The H. micacea area is outlined according to reference and original data on the species distribution (Mashek, 1957; Agafonova, 1964; Merzheevskaya, 1967, 1971; Polyakov et al., 1981; Pospelov, 1969, 1989; Sedykh, 1974; Sukhareva, 1999; Kuznetsov, 1960; Kononenko, 1988, 2003; Eenlaid, 1963; etc.). In the north of the European part, the Potato Stem Borer has been recorded in Karelia (Kullberg et al., 2001; Kutenkova, 1986), Republic of Komi (Sedykh, 1974), Kirov (Charushina & Shernin, 1974) and Perm Regions (Kuznetsov, 1960). In Ural, Altai, in southern and western Siberia, the species is found after the data of Shek (1975), Kononenko (2003), Polyakov et al. (1981), Pospelov (1989); in Buryatia, after Berlov (2005). In Central Asia and Kazakhstan, it is marked after papers of Kuznetsov (1960) and Shek (1975). In the Far East, the Potato Stem Borer is distributed in Khabarovsk Territory, Kamchatka and Sakhalin Regions after Kononenko (1988; 2003). According to the reference data, this species occurs in all European part of the USSR (except for Trans-Polar region), in Transcaucasia, Siberia, and the Far East. However, original records of the species in the Far North and beyond the Urals are not numerous. Therefore, a map of potato cultivation (by Rukhovich, 2003) has been taken as a basis for the Potato Stem Borer distribution, as the potato is the most widespread host-plant for the pest with inclusion of natural lands and corrected according with actual records of the pest. High mountains are excluded from the area. The species damage has been reported from the forest-steppe and forest vegetation zones, northward and eastward to Baltic Sea, Karelia, Leningrad, Moscow, Nizhnii Novgorod Regions, and Chuvashia. The final map of the zone of low damage has been compiled by correction of the map of the Potato Stem Borer area on potato cultivation zone (with areas where these plants occupy 3 to 5% and more of the tilled land area), and taking into consideration the borders of forest-steppe and forest vegetation zones (after Chikov, 1983).

Reference citations:

Agafonova Z.Ya. & Belizin V.I. 1964. Pests of maize in Kursk Region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 42(2): 241-258 (in Russian).
Berlov O. 2004. Color atlas and key to diurnal butterflies of Baikal Lake. 2nd ed. CD-ROM and Web-site. Http://
Charushina A.N. & Shernin A.I. 1974. Order Lepidoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region, V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI: 351-477 (in Russian).
Chikov P.S., ed. 1983. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 340 p. (in Russian).
Eenlaid A. 1963. Hydraecia micacea Esp. In: Viileberg K., ed. Collection of scientific works of Estonian Agricultural Academy. Works on agronomics. V.35. Tartu: Est. s.-kh. akad., p. 102-107 (in Russian).
Klyuchko Z.F. 1974. Noctuidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 361-408 (in Russian).
Kondakov N.I. & Nogina L.A. 1968. Potato Stem Borer on hop. Zashchita rastenii 6: 47 (in Russian).
Kononenko V.S. 1988. Noctuidae. In: Belyaev E.A., ed. Butterflies . pests of the Far Eastern agriculture. Keys. Vladivostok: DVO AN SSSR, p. 217-262 (in Russian).
Kononenko V.S. 2003. Noctuidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects of the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka, 688 p. (in Russian).
Krishtal. O.P. 1959. Agricultural insect pests in Ukrainian forest-steppe and forest belts. Kyiv: Kyiv University, 360 p. (in Ukrainian).
Kullberg J., Albrecht A., Kaila L. & Varis V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Kutenkova N.N. 1986. Lepidoptera of the nature reserve Kivach. In: Yakovlev E.B. & Uzenbaev S.D., eds. Fauna and ecology of Karelian invertebrates. Petrozavodsk: Karelian branch AN SSSR, p. 123-158 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1960. Lepidoptera. In: Arnol.di L.V., ed. Insect pests of maize in the USSR: handbook. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, p. 44-106 (in Russian).
Lobkova L.E. & Lobkov E.G. 2002. Ecological relations of insects in biogeocenoses of thermal fields of Uzon Volcano and Geysers Valley. In: Anon., ed. Conservation of biodiversity of Kamchatka and adjoining seas. Reports of 3rd scientific conference, 26-27 November 2002. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii: DVO RAN. Http:// (in Russian).
Mashek A.A. 1957. Review of pests of fodder cereal grasses of Leningrad Region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 36(3): 625-631 (in Russian).
Merzheevskaya O.I. 1963. Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) lowering yield of agricultural crops in Byelorussian SSR. Zoologicheskii zhurnal 42(3): 359-367 (in Russian).
Merzheevskaya O.I. 1971. Noctuidae of Byelorussia. Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika, 447 s. (in Russian).
Polyakov I.YA., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1981. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of industrial cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of industrial cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 5-26 (in Russian).
Pospelov S.M. 1965. Potato Stem Borer . pest of rhubarb. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Plant protection against pests and diseases, collection of works, v. 95. Leningrad: LSKHI, p.61-70 (in Russian).
Pospelov S.M. 1965. Potato Stem Borer. Zashchita rastenii 7: 43 (in Russian).
Pospelov S.M. 1975. Noctuidae - Pests of agricultural crops in NW Russia. DSc Thesis. Leningrad & Pushkin, 43 p. (in Russian).
Pospelov S.M. 1989. Noctuidae - Pests of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat, 112 p. (in Russian).
Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Chilean or European potato cultivation area. Http://
Sedykh K.F. 1974. Animal world of Komi ASSR. Invertebrates. Syktyvkar: Komi Publishing House, 189 p. (in Russian).
Shek G.S. 1975. Noctuid pests of fields. Alma-Ata: Kainar, 183 s. (in Russian).
Shul.ts A.A. 1958. Lepidoptera of orchards and kitchen gardens in Latvian SSR. In: Tsinovskii Ya.P., ed. Fauna of Latvian SSR and adjacent territories. Proc. Inst. Biol. Lat. SSR, v.5. Riga: AN LatSSR, p. 45-89 (in Russian).
Sukhareva I.L. 1999. Noctuidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - agricultural pests. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka, p. 332-378 (in Russian).
Tanskii V.I. 1985. Application of economic thresholds for the main pests of the primary agricultural crops (methodical instructions). Leningrad: VIZR, 27 p. (in Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © E.I.Ovsyannikova, I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map)
Photo © V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

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