Area of distribution and damage of Hyphantria cunea Drury

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist I.Ya. Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons. Areas of distribution and damage coincide, shown by polygon. Single records from Kalmykia, Astrakhan' Region, and Uzbekistan (Urganch) are presented as points.

Accuracy of classifier:

First centers of the pest in the Ukraine (Transcarpathia) were found in 1952. Now H. cunea occupies Russia (the south of the European part), Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan (Urganch); it is also found in Lithuania (single instance). The following sources were used to determine these areas: Bulyginskaya & Shamshev (1999), Izhevskii (2002, 2003). Based on the following sources H. cunea has actually occupied its potential area in the European part of the Russian Federation: Vasyutin (2000), Izhevskii (2002, 2003). Slow expansion of the area northward is possible with further climate warming. Appearance of new island areas is possible in the Asian part of the pest potential area (Central Asia, the south of Krasnoyarsk and Primorskii Territories). Occasional detection of the species in Uzbekistan (Bulyginskaya & Shamshev, 1999) testifies to the incompleteness of formation of a H. cunea stable area in this region in contrast to the European part of the former USSR. Earlier the area and zone of high damage coincided (Polyakov et al., 1984). For example, in Transcarpathia in the first years of the invasion the damage to mulberry reached 57.0-60.1%, and damage to fruit cultures 35.2-40.5% (Bulyginskaya & Shamshev, 1999). In this zone the control of H. cunea as a quarantine pest should be carried out without fail (Izhevskii, 2002). At the same time, yield losses caused by this pest in industrial orchards have never been significant. Based on the change of the Fall Webworm quarantine status that has been offered by Izhevskii (2002, 2003) it is only possible to allocate a zone of low damage in the present area. However, the pest is significant in a complex of phyllophagous lepidopteran pests; for the latter ones the economic threshold has been established, being 8-10% damaged buds and 20-25% damaged leaves after bud blossoming (Dolzhenko, 2004).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. According to the following sources the actual (synecological) area includes Moldova, most part of the Ukraine (except Polesye), the Caucasus, and the south of the European part of Russia (southward of Belgorod, Voronezh, and Saratov): Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Kazantseva et al. (1997), Vasyutin (2000, 2003), Izhevskii (2003). The distribution area and zone of low damage coincide. They were adjusted in the south along the areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984), excluding the high mountains. A single record from Lithuania is referred to the autecological area of H. cunea. Single records from Kalmykia, Astrakhan' Region, and Uzbekistan (Urganch) are presented as points.

Reference citations:

Bulyginskaya M.A., Shamshev I.V. 1999. Family Arctiidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural crops. Lepidoptera. V. 3(2). St. Petersburg: Nauka. 320-331 p. (In Russian)
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (In Russian)
Izhevskii S.S. 2002. About opportunity of exclusion of Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) from quarantine objects. Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 12: 14-17. (In Russian)
Izhevskii S.S. 2003. Recommendations for change of the quarantine status of Hyphantria cunea Drury (analysis of phytosanitary risk of restrictedly distributed quarantine pest with Hyphantria cunea as an example). Last updated: 3 February 2003.
Kazantseva T.P., Sorokin N.S., Vasil'eva I.A., Dolgova T.M., Martynov A. Ya., Gavrilova E.A., Bakalova G.A., Logvinenko T.S., Bespalova A.P., Chichikhina T.V., Dolaberidze S.D., Artokhin K.S., Makhota V.M. 1997. Prognosis of incident and distribution of pests, diseases of crops, weeds and quarantine objects on the territory of Rostov region in 1997 year and measures of control. Rostov-na-Donu: Yug. 128 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 6-45 p. (In Russian)
Shutova N.N., Smetnik A.I. 1986. Quarantine pests, diseases and weeds. In: Shamonin A.I., Smetnik A.I., eds. Plant quarantine in the USSR. Moscow: Agropomizdat. 143-248 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (In Russian)
Vasyutin A.S., ed. 2000. Quarantine phytosanitary state of the Russian Federation for January, 1 2000. Moscow: MSKH RF. 96 p. (In Russian)
Vasyutin A.S., ed. 2003. Reference-book on quarantine phytosanitary state of the Russian Federation for January, 1 2003. Moscow: MSKH RF. 102 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map, photo), M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map).

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