Area of distribution and damage of Laspeyresia pyrivora Danil.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Areas of distribution and damage coincide. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons. Single record from Uzbekistan (Tashkent) is shown by a point on the map.

Accuracy of classifier:

The species was first described in 1947. Reports on the species that were published in the 1940.s and 1970.s contained both new records and data on the harmful activity of the pest. The records were located inside the area of wild pears, on the one hand, and within the limits of industrial cultivation of fruit crops, on the other hand. Within the general area in the territory of the former USSR the zone of moderate damage was allocated according to Shel.deshova (1958) and Polyakov et al. (1984). The number of C. pyrivora during the development of unripe pear fruits exceeded the economic threshold for fruit-damaging Lepidopteran pests of pome cultures, i.e., 2-5% of damaged fruits (Kalinkin et al., 2003). According to the following sources sometimes damage to pomes reached 70-90%: Kovalenko (1957), Shel.deshova (1958), Savkovskii (1976). After 1976 we have not found original publications on the harmful activity of the species. Therefore, only a zone of low damage was allocated, coinciding with the area of the species distribution.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. Maps compiled by Shel.dyshova (1958) and Danilevskii & Kuznetsov (1968) were used as prototypes, as they include all published records on the pest detection and harmful activity in the Central-Chernozem Region, Moldova, Ukraine, Ciscaucasia, Transcaucasia, mountains of Uzbekistan as follows: Danilevskii (1947), Kovalenko (1957), Shel.deshova (1958), Markelova (1960), Olifer (1960) Polyakov & Chumakov (1963), Batiashvili (1965), Kudryavtsev (1971), Kostyuk (1974), Savkovskii (1976), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Kuznetsov (1994). The areas of distribution and damage coincide. They were adjusted in the south along the areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984), except for the high mountains.

Reference citations:

Batiashvili I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Ganatleba. 336 p. (In Russian)
Danilevskii A.S. 1947. New tortricid species harming to pear in the European part of the USSR. Doklady AN SSSR, 58(7): 1555-1556. (In Russian)
Danilevskii A.S., Kuznetsov V.I. 1968. Tortricidae, tribe Laspeyresiini. In: Bykhovskii B.E., ed. Fauna of the USSR, New Ser., N. 98. Lepidoptera. V. 5(1). Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 636 p. (In Russian)
Danilevskii A.S., Shel.deshova G.G. 1950. Biology and morphological features of Carpocapsa pyrivora Dan. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 29(1): 69-81. (In Russian)
Kalinkin V.M., Maslak A.A., Grichanov I.Ya. 2003. A planning and analysis of experiment with an estimation of efficiency of isecticides against lepidopteran pests of orchards. Moscow: Sovremennye tetradi. 467-476 p. (In Russian)
Korchagin V.N. 1988. Pests of fruiters. Zashchita rastenii, 3: 48-53. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kostyuk Yu.A. 1974. Family Tortricidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 261-320 p. (In Russian)
Kovalenko O.V. 1957. Carpocapsa pyrivora Dan. in conditions of Kabardian Republic. In: Belokhonov I.V., ed. Results of works on plant protection against pests and diseases. Michurinsk: NII Horticulture I.V. Michurina. 57-72 p. (In Russian)
Kudryavtsev V.S. 1971. Pear Moth. Zashchita rastenii, 5: 14-15. (In Russian)
Kuznetsov V.I. 1994. Family Tortricidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 51-234 p. (In Russian)
Markelova V.P. 1960. Pear Moth. Sadovodstvo, 3: 62. (In Russian)
Olifer A.V. 1960. Distribution and harming activity of Pear Moth in conditions of Ukraine. In: Duka S.Kh., ed. Zakhist plodovikh nasazhden. vid shkidnikiv i khvorob. Naukovi pratsi. V. 37. Kiev: UkrASKHN. 44-47 p. (In Ukrainian)
Polyakov I.Ya., Chumakov A.E., eds. 1963. Distribution of pests and diseases in agricultural crops in the RSFSR in 1962 and the forecast of their appearance in 1963. Leningrad: VIZR. 199 p. (In Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 6-45 p. (In Russian)
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (In Russian)
Shel.deshova G.G. 1958. Biology of Carpocapsa pyrivora Danil. In: Danilevskii A.S., ed. Insect ecology. Uchenye zap. LGU, N. 240, Ser. Biol., 46. Leningrad: LGU. 88-121 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map,); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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