Area of distribution and damage of Leucoptera malifoliella (Costa)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information taken from state publications and maps of scale 1:17,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 2 layers. Distribution area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Only a zone of low damage was allocated within the limits of the general distribution area. Here the pest has economic significance. The following economic threshold is suggested for the species: 1.5 tunnels per leaf (Petrova, 1978). The Pear Leaf Blister Moth is sometimes able to reproduce en masse within the zone of low damage (Petrova, 1978; Kuznetsov & Seksyaeva, 1994).

Mapping procedure:

The map was compiled following an analysis of state publications. The northern border of the distribution area in Fennoscandia reaches the northern border of deciduous tree distribution (Kullberg et al., 2001). It is supposed that in the European part of the former USSR, the Pear Leaf Blister Moth is distributed everywhere except for in the North (Seksyaeva, 1981; Kuznetsov & Seksyaeva, 1994; Baryshnikova, 1999). However, actual records of species occurrence are mainly limited to forest-steppe, steppe zones and the Caucasus (Sinel.nikova, 1936; Kholchenkov, 1974, Seksyaeva, 1981; Kuznetsov & Seksyaeva, 1994; Vasil.ev & Livshits, 1984; Savkovskii, 1976; collection ZIN RAS; etc.). The species has also been recorded in Baltic States, Byelorussia, the Kaliningrad Region (Mey, 2005), steppe and forest-steppe zones of Northern Kazakhstan, and Western Siberia (including Altai) (Matesova et al., 1962; Tibatina, 1970; Babenko, 1982; Kuznetsov & Seksyaeva, 1994). Therefore, the northern border of the distribution area was drawn along the northern border of the forest-steppe zone (Chikov, 1983). Northeast of this border, the Pear Leaf Blister Moth has been found in both the Irkutsk Region and Yakutia (Gerasimov, 1932; Ammosov, 1972; Kuznetsov & Seksyaeva, 1994; Kullberg, et al., 2001; collection ZIN RAS). In Transcaucasia, the species is known in Armenia (Seksyaeva, 1981); within Central Asia, it has been found in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and southern and southwestern Kazakhstan (Sinel.nikova, 1936; D.yakonov & Kozhanchikov, 1949; Matesova et al., 1962; Petrov, 1969; Seksyaeva, 1981; Udot & Isin, 1987; Baryshnikova, 1999). Deserted lands of the Northern Caspian Depression and Central Asia were excluded from the distribution area. The species is not found in the Far East. The zone of low damage includes steppe and forest-steppe zones of Ukraine and Russia (eastward to Middle Volga Basin), as well as foothill areas and oases of Central Asia (Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan) (Sinel.nikova, 1936; Petrov, 1969, 1978; Kholchenkov, 1974; Savkovskii, 1976; Vasil.ev & Livshits, 1984; Udot & Isin, 1987; Kuznetsov & Seksyaeva, 1994).

Sources of data:

Ammosov Yu.N. 1972. Lepidoptera feeding on leaves of trees, bushes and shrubs in the central and southern Yakutia. In: Ammosov Yu.N., ed. Fauna and ecology of insects of Yakutia. Yakutsk: Institute of biology, Yakut. fil. AN SSSR, p. 5-51 (in Russian).
Babenko Z.S. 1982. Phytophagous insects of fruit and berry plants in forest zone of Ob River Region. Tomsk: Tomsk University, 268 p. (in Russian).
Baryshnikova S.V. 1999. Review of Lyonetiidae (Lepidoptera) of Russian fauna. I. Subf. Cemiostominae. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 78(2): 442-452 (in Russian).
Chikov P.S., ed. 1983. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 340 p. (in Russian).
Collection of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Science, St.Petersburg.
D.yakonov A.M. & Kozhanchikov I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR: 179-198 (in Russian).
Gerasimov A.M. 1932. Mining moths. I. Middle-Asian Lithocolletis. In: Anon., ed. News of Leningrad Institute of Agricultiral and Forest Pests Control. V. 3, p. 197-223 (in Russian).
Kholchenkov V.A. 1974. Family Cemiostomidae. In: Vasil.ev, V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 234-235 (in Russian).
Kullberg J., Albrecht A., Kaila L.,Varis V. 2001. Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo. Sahlbergia (Helsinki) 6(2): 1-190.
Kuznetsov V.I., Seksyaeva S.V. 1994. Family Lyonetiidae (Leucopteridae, Leucopterigidae, Cemiostomidae). In: Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka, p. 247-254 (in Russian).
Matesova G.Ya., Mityaev I.D. Yukhnevich L.A. 1962. Review of insects damaging fruit and berry cultures and grape-vine in Southwest Kazakhstan. In: Marikovskii P.I., ed. Materials on study of insects of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR, p. 3-46 (in Russian).
Mey W. 2005. Leucoptera malifoliella (O. Costa 1836). In: Karsholt, O. & Nieukerken, E.J. van, eds. Lepidoptera, Moths. Fauna Europaea, version 1.1, .
Petrova V.K. 1969. Mining moths - pests of fruit crops in the southeast of Kazakhstan. In: Elemanov A.E., ed. Bulletin of agricultural sciences (Alma-Ata: Kainar) 11: 98-104 (in Russian).
Petrova V.K. 1978. Harmfulness of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth. Zashchita rastenii, 9: 37 (in Russian).
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (in Russian).
Seksyaeva S.V. 1981. Lyonetiidae (Leucopteridae). In: Medvedev G.S., ed. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 4(2). Leningrad: Nauka, p. 420-430 (in Russian).
Sinel.nikova Z. 1936. Study of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth and its control. In: Zelenukhin I.A., ed. Results of research works of VIZR for 1935. Leningrad: VASKHNIL, VIZR: 282-284. (In Russian).
Tibatina I.A. 1970. Materials on some Microlepidoptera fauna damaging birch in West Siberia. In: Cherepanov A.I., ed. Fauna of Siberia (Proc. Biol. Inst. of AN SSSR). Novosibirsk: Biol. Inst. AN SSSR, p. 202-222 (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian)
Udot S.Ya., Isin M.M. 1987. Distribution of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth in the south of Kazakhstan. In: Kentaev M.M., ed. Acceleration of scientific and technical progress in fruit growing and viniculture and tasks for young scientists. Materials of scientific conference of young scientists and experts of Kazakhstan, devoted to a 70-anniversary of Great October Socialist Revolution. Alma-ata: Kaz. Sci. research institute of fruit growing and viniculture, p. 98-99 (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map)
Photo © V.V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

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