Area of distribution and damage of the European vine moth Lobesia botrana (Den. et Schiff.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist on object - A.N. Frolov,
the GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from published literature.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 4 layers reflecting distribution and 3 zones of damage shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Regions of distribution in the territory of the former USSR are distinguished based on information found in published literature (Dobrodeyev, 1915; Shchegolev, 1960; Plugaru, 1971; Vasiliev, 1974; Medvedev, 1978; Kuznetsov, 1994; Ler, 2001, etc.). Ranges of harm are also specified according to published literature (Aliev et al., 1959; Seryi, 1971; Vasiliev, 1974; Kuznetsov, 1994, etc.). South Crimea, part of the Krasnodar Area (Anapa, Temryuk, Primorsko-Akhtarsk, Eisk regions), as well as territories of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Dagestan and Azerbaijan were partly included into zone of strong harm, where number of vine moth, as a rule, exceeds the threshold of harm (1 overwintered pupa per grape bush or 4-6 eggs and larvae of the 1st generation per 100 inflorescences of grapes). The south part of Moldova, the south parts of Odessa, Kherson, Nikolaev regions and the most part of Crimea, and the rest of the territory of the Krasnodar Area as well as wine growing territories of Rostov Region, Stavropol Area, Chechen Republic, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, south-east Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenia were included into zone of moderate harm. North Moldova and Ukraine and the lower Volga were classified as zone of weak harm, where numbers of vine moth usually do not exceed the threshold of injury (Aliev et al., 1959; Kuznetsov, 1994; Seryi, 1971; Shchegolev, 1960; Vasiliev, 1974; Anonym, 1966, 1970, 1973, 1989, 1989a, 1997, 1997a, etc.).

Procedure of map drawing:

The European vine moth is a pest of Mediterranean origin; it seems to penetrate into Russia at the beginning of the 19th century. An original host plant of the pest is believed to be Daphne gnidium, very common plant in the Mediterranean, particular in the south of France. Now the European vine moth is widely distributed in the territories of the former USSR; geographic range of the pest includes Moldova, Ukraine, North Caucasus, Lower Volga; Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Middle Asia (Schegolev, 1960; Vasiliev, 1974; Kuznetsov, 1994). North border of its geographic range was substantially determined according to conditions of overwintering (for wintering pupae even short downturn of temperature below -20°C becomes very hazardous), so it is limited by absolute winter minimum -15°C. The south border of its geographic range is essentially limited by heat (32°C), low relative humidity of air (30%) during flight of summer adults and development of eggs, and also with the absence of appropriate conditions for diapausing during winter (long lasting high temperatures of 5-15°C).

Sources of the data:

Aliev, A.G., Bashirov, F.B., Blagonravov, P.P., Gukasov, A.I., Zakharova, E.I., Kolesnik, L.V., Komarova, E.S., Korneichuk, V.D., Krupennikov, A.M., Kuzmin, A.J., Lazarjan, V.M., Lukyanov, A.D., Makarov-Kozhuhov, L.N., Makarov, I.F., Makarov S.N., Malhasyan, M.A., Mesyatseva, L.V., Mishurenko, A.G., Natsvin, A.V., Negrul, A.M., Oleinik, L.F., Palamarchuk, G.D., Panamarchuk, V.I., Pirusskii, V.V., Ruzaev, K.S., Saburov, N.V., Skuin, K.P., Soloviev, A.K., Sosina, E.I., Tabidze, D.I., Turyanskii, G.F., Tsetlin, M.G. 1959. Textbook of enologist. Moscow: State Publishing House Agric. lit., 626 p.(in Russian).
Anonim. 1966. Distribution of pests and diseases of agricultural crops in 1965. Proc. All-Union Inst. Plant Protection.issue 28. Leningrad: Publ. House "Kolos", 248 p. (In Russian).
Anonim. 1989. The review on development and distribution of main pests and diseases of agricultural crops in Tadjik SSR in 1988 and their forecast in 1989. Dushanbe, State Agroindustrial Committee Tadjik SSR, 44 p. (In Russian).
Anonim. 1997. Forecast of appearance and distribution of pests, diseases of agricultural crops, weeds, and quarantine objects in Rostov Region in 1997 and recommended control measures. Rostov-na-Don: Ministry Agric. and Food, Russian Federation, 1997. 128 p. (In Russian).
Anonim. 2000. Canadian Food Inspection Agency Science Branch. Lobesia botrana Mediterranean Vine Moth.
Anonim. 2003. Lobesia botrana (Denis and Schiffermueller).
Anonym. 1970. Distribution of pests and diseases of agricultural crops in Russian Federation in 1969 and forecast of their appearance in 1970. Moscow: Ministry Agric. Russian Federation, 295 p. (In Russian).
Anonym. 1973. Pests and diseases of agricultural plants in Crimea (forecast of their appearance in 1973 and control measures). Simferopol: Publishing house "Tavriya", 88 p. (In Russian).
Anonym. 1989. Forecast of distribution of main pests, diseases, and weeds of agricultural crops and recommendations on their contol in farms of Ukrainian SSR in 1989. Kiev: State Agroindustrial Committee Ukrainian SSR, 157 p. (In Russian).
Anonym. 1997. Distribution of main pests and diseases of agricultural crops in Krasnodar Territory in 1996 and forecast of their appearance in 1997. Krasnodar: Regional Station on plant protection, 32 p. (In Russian).
Belyaev, E.A., ed. 1988. Butterflies - pests of agriculture in the Far East. Keys. Vladivostok: Biology and Soil Institute, Far East Branch Acad. sci. USSR, 285 p. (in Russian).
Dobrodeyev, A.I. 1915. Grape leaf rollers, the European grape berry moth (Clysia [Cochylis] ambiguella Huebn.) and grape moth (Polychrosis botrana Schiff.) and measures of their control according the newest researches. Proc. Bureau on entomology of Scientific Committee Agric. V. 11. No 5. p. 37. (In Russian).
Dubatolov, V.V. 2003. Tortricoidea. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum.
Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. 1994. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Publishing House "Nauka", 316 p. (in Russian).
Ler, P.A., ed. 2001. Key to the insects of Russian Far East. Vol. 5. Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Pt 3. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. 621 p. (In Russian)
Medvedev, G.S., ed. 1978. Keys to the insects on the European part of the USSR. V. 4 Lepidoptera, part 1. Leningrad: Nauka, 712 p. (in Russian).
Plugaru, S.G. 1971. To a fauna and ecology of leafrollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in Moldova. In: Harmful insects of Moldova. Inst. zool. Acad. Sci. Mold. SSR. p. 3-31 (In Russian).
Repyakhov, V. 1902. Grape moths: the European grape berry moth and grape moth. J. Winemaking News. of Ukraine. Odessa. no 11. p. 657-667. (in Russian).
Schmidt, K., Hoppmann, D., Holst, H., Berkelmann-Lohnertz, B. 2003. Identifying weather-related covariates controlling grape berry moth dynamics. Bull. OEPP. V. 33. P. 517-524.
Seryi, N.I. 1971. Entomofauna of a grapevine in Moldova. In book: Harmful insects of Moldova. Kishinev: Institute of zoology Acad. Sci. Mold. SSR, p. 87-107. (In Russian).
Shchegolev, V.N. 1960. Agricultural entomology. Moscow-Leningrad: State Publishing House Agric. lit., 448 p. (In Russian)
Silant.ev, A.A. 1911. Grape leaf rollers. Odessa, Library of J. Winemaking News. no 12. p. 44. (In Russian).
Vasil'ev, V.P., ed., 1973. The pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Kiev: Urozhai. 606 p. (in Russian).

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All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © A.N.Frolov & M.I.Saulich (vector map, description), Andrea Lucchi (Italy, Pisa University) (picture).

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