The area and damage zones of Macrosiphum euphorbiae Thom.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map is composed of 3 thematic layers. Zones of distribution and damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The insect area is divided into zones of high and low damage using the published materials (Adashkevich, 1972; Bobryshev et al., 1972; Chechuev, 1973; Ivanovskaya, 1976; Khandybarenko, 1981; Zhukova, 2000; et al.). The zone of high damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical damage to plants according to points 3 and higher; the zone of low damage is characterized according to points 1 and 2 (Drakhovskaya, 1962).

Method of map production:

The northern border has been marked also after the published materials (Shaposhnikov, 1964, 1972; Ivanovskaya, 1976), after materials from suction traps and after results of the analysis of potato spreading (Koroleva et al., 1976). This border coincides with the northern border of main potato-growing zone. Although the insects do not perish at the temperatures 3.3-5°C, wintering only under cover in the northern regions, they need feeding on cultural hosts for successful population development. The species occurs sporadically in more northern regions, even in Magadan. Within the territory of the Former Soviet Union, the aphids are marked widely to southern borders. This species of insects is observed in Amur Region, not found in Primorskii Territory (D'yakonov et al., 1994). The borders of zones of different harmfulness are given, using criteria that have been published by F.I.Bobryshev at al. (1972), N.Chechuev (1973), T.T.Khondybarenko (1981), M.I.Zhukova (2000), et al. The northern border of low damage zone coincides with the northern border of Lithuania, Byelorussia, Smolensk and Moscow Regions, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan. This zone includes Lithuania, Byelorussia, some regions of the European part of Russia, the Northern and Central Ukraine, and also Transcaucasia. The northern border of high damage zone goes along the northern border of steppe zone and northern border of Moldova. High damage zone includes some of southern regions of Russia, the South and Southwest of Ukraine, and Moldova (Lytaeva, 1972; Bobryshev et al., 1972). Harming activity is not marked in Siberia because of low temperatures in winter-spring-autumn period, as well as in Middle Asia and Kazakhstan (temperatures above 30°C inhibit the population development). The vector map of distribution of potato within the territory of the Former Soviet Union has been also used for the correction of damage zones (Koroleva et al., 2003).

Reference citations:

Adashkevich B., Stary P., Popov N. 1972. Aphididae (Hymenoptera) - parasites of aphids on vegetables, melons and gourds, potato. In: Zhuchenko A.A., ed. Protection of vegetables (Proc. of Moldova institute of water agriculture and vegetables growing). Kishinev: Moldovenyaske. 28-35 p. (in Russian).
Baranov A.N. 1969. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Chief Department of Geodesy and Cartography. 90-91 p. (in Russian).
Bobryshev F.I., Chmulev V.M., Udovitskii A.S., Zakharov A.I. 1972. Dynamics of aphid migration to potato. In: Lisunov V.I., ed. Plant protection against pests and diseases (Proc. Stavropol' SKhI). Stavropol': Stavropol' SKhI. 102-105 p. (in Russian).
Chechuev N. 1973. Aphids on potato in Kazakhstan. Kartofel' i ovoshchi 6: 41 (in Russian)/
Drakhovskaya M. 1962. Forecasting in plant protection. Moscow: Publishing House of Agricultural literature, magazines and posters. 165 p. (in Russian).
D'yakonov K.P., Romanova S.A., Ledneva V.A. 1994. New interest to potato aphid. Zashchita rastenii 5: 40-42 (in Russian).
Ivanovskaya O.I. 1976. Fauna of aphids on the territory of West Siberia. In: Zolotorenko G.S., ed. Fauna of helminthes and arthropods of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. P. 175-189 (in Russian).
Khandybarenko T.T. 1981. Basis of agrobiological measures on seed potato protection against aphids - virus-carrying agents. PhD Thesis. Kiev: Ukrainian plant protection institute, 41 p. (in Russian).
Koroleva I.E., Vil'chevskaya E,V., Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Vector maps of maximal distribution of arable lands.
Lytaeva G.K, Nemchin F.I. 1972. Dynamics of winged aphids on potato in Moldova. In: Zhuchenko A.A., ed. Protection of vegetables (Proc. of Moldova institute of water agriculture and vegetables growing). Kishinev: Moldovenyaske. 96-98 p. (in Russian).
Nevskii V.P. 1929. Aphids of Middle Asia. Proceedings of Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station 16. Tashkent. 58-73 p. (in Russian).
Shaposhnikov G.Kh. 1964. Suborder Aphidinea . aphids. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Keys to insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 1. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka. 612 p. (in Russian).
Shaposhnikov G.Kh. 1972. Order Homoptera - homopterous. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural crops. V. 1. Leningrad: Nauka. 183 p. (in Russian).
Zhukova M.I. 2000. Aphids on potato in Byelorussia and control measures. In: Sorochinskii L.V., ed. Akhova raslin 4. Minsk: AN Byelorussia. 16-18 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © M.N.Berim & M.I.Saulich (VIZR; vector map); M.N.Berim (VIZR, description, raster map).

Web design —
Kelnik studios