Area of distribution and damage of Malacosoma neustrium Linnaeus

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from state publications and maps of scale 1:33,000,000-1:50,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Distribution area and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the limits of the pest distribution area within the former USSR, 2 zones were allocated -- zones of moderate and low damage. In the zone of moderate damage, the number of M. neustrium usually exceeds the economic threshold for egg laying and caterpillar hatching under favorable weather conditions. The economic threshold is 1-5 egg batches per tree before buds blossom and 10-15% damaged leaves after buds blossom, corresponding to 12-15 caterpillars per 100 branches (Dolzhenko, 2004). In the zone of low harm, the number occasionally (1-2 times per decade) reaches this economic threshold.

Mapping procedure:

The map was compiled following an analysis of state publications and maps. A map by Romanova and Lozinskii (1968) was used as a prototype. The northern border of the pest distribution area in the southern Ural region was corrected according to Bashmakov (1958) and Dubatolov & Zolotuhin (2000); the Omsk Region is included in the distribution area according to Prokof.ev (1987); in the Far East (Amur and Sakhalin Regions, Khabarovsk and Primorskii Territories, and S. Kurils [Kunashir]), the distribution area coincides with the border of deciduous, mixed, and inundated forests (Barysheva et al., 1992) according to Chistyakov (1988, 1992, 1999). Records of the species from southern and eastern Kazakhstan, from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were discovered to refer to other species of the genus Malacosoma (M. parallelum Staudinger, M. castrense (Linnaeus), M. prima Staudinger) according to Dubatolov & Zolotuhin (2000) and Chistyakov (1999). There is a single record of the nominotypical subspecies in Irkutsk (Dubatolov & Zolotuhin, 2000). The zone of moderate damage within the areas of industrial cultivation of fruits (Tochenov et al., 1984) was determined using published data (Nekrutenko, 1974; Polyakov et al., 1984; Kuznetsov, 1999). The zone of low damage (from the Baltic and Byelorussia to Bashkiria and the Omsk Region) coincides with areas of industrial fruit cultivation that were not included in the zone of moderate damage (see sources of data).

Sources of data:

Barysheva Yu.A., Bruk S.I., Dmitriev A.V., Stroev K.V., Sutormin A.I., Shashko D.I., Yagust S.I. 1992. Zones of vegetation types. In: Geographical Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Com. Geodesy and cartography of the USSR. 48 pp. (In Russian)
Bashmakov N.I., ed. 1958. System of agriculture in the West-Kazakhstan Region. Alma-Ata: Kazgosizdat, 199 p. (in Russian).
Batiashvili I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Ganatleba, 336 p. (in Russian).
Benkevich V.I. 1960. On the forecast of outbreaks of Malacosoma neustria L. Biologicheskie nauki. Nauchnye doklady vysshei shkoly 2: 15-19 (in Russian).
Chistyakov Yu.A. 1988. Family Lasiocampidae. In: Kirpichnikova, V.A. & Ler, P.A., eds. Butterflies - pests of the Far Eastern agriculture. Keys. Vladivostok: DVO AN SSSR, p. 153-165 (in Russian).
Chistyakov Yu.A., ed. 1992. Insects of Khingan Nature Reserve. 2. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka: 122-276 (in Russian).
Chistyakov Yu.A. 1999. Lasiocampidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects if the Russian Far East. V. 5(2). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka: 603-631 (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg:
Dubatolov V.V., Zolotuhin V.V. 2000. A list of the Lasiocampidae from the territory of the former USSR (Insecta, Lepidoptera). Novosibirsk: Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Khanislamov M.G., Stepanova R.K. 1969. Mechanism of depression and increase of number of Malacosoma neustrium in Bashkortostan. In: Girfanov V.K., ed. Scientific conference devoted to 50-anniversary of Bashkir SSR (abstracts of reports). Ufa: Bashk. branch AN SSSR: 96-99 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1999. Lasiocampidae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka: 185-200 (in Russian).
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1974. Lasiocampidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai: 354-357 (in Russian).
Pantyukhov G.A. 1956. Geographical variability of cold resistance in some insects. Zool. zh., 35(9): 1312-1324. (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-45 (in Russian).
Radkevich V.A., Romenko T.M. 1970. Malacosoma neustrium. Some questions on biology and relation to host plants. Minsk: Vysheishaya shkola, 144 p. (in Russian).
Radkevich V.A., Romenko T.M. 1972. Survival rate and fertility of Antheraea pernyi, Malacosoma neustrium and Ocneria dispar on different fodder plants considering their physiological condition. In: Fauna of Byelorussian Poozer.e. Minsk: BGU: 59-76 (in Russian).
Romanova Yu.S., Lozinskii V.A. 1968. Malacosoma neustrium and its control. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost., 80 p. (in Russian).
Shengeliya E.S. 1966. Lasiocampidae. In: Dzhaparidze N.I., ed. Invertebrate fauna of Trialet mountain range. Tbilisi: Metsniereba: 147-149 (in Russian).
Sokolov A.M. 1955. Monitoring of Malacosoma neustrium in central band of the European part of the USSR. Zoologicheskii zhurnal 34(2): 329-333 (in Russian).
Stepanova R.K. 1977. Analysis of death rate of Malacosoma neustrium during depression of numbers. In: Insects - pests of forests in Bashkortostan. In: Garifullin F.Sh., ed. Insect pests in forests of Bashkortostan. Ufa: BFAN SSSR: 86-92 (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 p. (in Russian).
VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Zei-Nechaeva A.N. 1962. Monitoring of Malacosoma neustria L. in environments of Ufa. In: Khanislamov M.G., ed. Scientific conference on questions of mass reproduction of forest pests. Ufa: Bashkir branch of AN SSSR: 31-33 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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