Area of distribution and damage of Mamestra brassicae (L.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from state publications and maps of scale 1:33,000,000-40,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Distribution area and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Distribution area was drawn within the former USSR. Within the distribution area, 2 zones were allocated -- zones of low and moderate pest damage. In the zone of moderate damage, the number of Cabbage Moth caterpillars during the phase of head setting is usually more than 3 individuals per plant with colonization of over 10% of plants, and the number of imagoes is more than 5 moths per pheromone trap per week. In the zone of low damage, its number occasionally (1-2 times a decade) reaches the economic threshold during the same phase of cabbage development, i.e., 1-3 caterpillars per plant with colonization of 5-10% of plants, or 5 butterflies per trap (Sazonov et al., 1991). In practice, the Cabbage Moth is counted together with the Cabbage White (Pieris brassicae L.) and the Small White (Pieris rapae L.) and other lepidopteran pests of cruciferous and vegetable cultures.

Mapping procedure:

The map was compiled following an analysis of state cartographical materials and literature. The northern border of the Cabbage Moth distribution area in Europe portrayed on the maps of Hill (1978) and Hacker (2002) coincides with the a degree days total (or the sum of active temperatures) of 500°C, which is necessary for development of one generation (Pospelov, 1989). Our extrapolation of the northern area in Siberia and the Far East along the isotherm of 500°C corresponds to available published data on species distribution in this territory (Gusev, 1959; Dzholova, 1965; Provorotova, 1977; Pospelov, 1989; Sukhareva, 1999; Kononenko, 2003). Chukotka and the Magadan Region were excluded from the area in accordance with Kononenko (2003). The deserts of Central Asia (Barysheva et al., 1992) were excluded from the distribution area (Daricheva, 1988; D.yakonov & Kozhanchikov, 1949) based on data on species hygrophilicity (Pospelov, 1989). The zone of moderate damage was drawn with the help of published data and instructions (see sources of data), allocated within the area of cabbage growth (Lizgunova, 1965) and within areas of industrial cultivation of vegetable cultures (Tochenov et al., 1984). The zone of low damage coincides with the area of cabbage growth as far south as 60°N (Chesnokov, 1936; Druzhelyubova & Zhitkevich, 1966; etc.).

Sources of data:

Barysheva, Yu.A., Bruk, S.I., Dmitriev, A.V. et al. 1992. Zones of vegetation types. In: Geographical atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Com. , Komitet Geodesy and cartography of the USSR, p.6 (in Russian).
Chesnokov, P.G. 1936. Distribution and economic significance of pests of foliage of cruciferous cultures. Leningrad: VASKHNIL, VIZR, 90 p. (in Russian).
D.yakonov, A.M. & Kozhanchikov, I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavlovskii, E.N. & Shtakelberg, A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, p. 22-43 (in Russian).
Druzhelyubova, T.S. & Zhitkevich, E.N. 1966. Cabbage Moth. In: Polyakov, I.Ya. & Chumakov, A.E., eds. Proc. VIZR, N 28. Distribution of pests and diseases of agricultural crops in 1965. Leningrad: Kolos, p. 52-57 (in Russian).
Dzholova, N.G. 1965. Insect pests of vegetable crops in Baikal region. Moscow: Nauka, 80 p. (in Russian).
Gusev, G.V. 1959. Insect pests of field and vegetable cultures in Sakhalin. Zoologicheskii zhurnal 38(5): 702-712 (in Russian).
Hacker, H., Ronkay L., & Hreblay, M. 2002. Noctuidae Europaeae. V. 4: Hadeninae I. Soro: Entomological Press, 419 p.
Hill, D. 1978. Agricultural insect pests of temperate regions and their control. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press. 650 p.
Kadamshoev, M. 1986. Species composition and distribution of pests of vegetables, melons and gourds in areas of the Western Pamir. In: Fauna, ekologiya i zoogeografiya Pamira (V.I. Chikatunov, ed.). Dushanbe: Donish, p. 36-49 (in Russian).
Kharchenko, N.N., Osipov, V.G., Kustova, A.I. et al. 1975. Pests and diseases of vegetable cultures. In: Dorozhkin N.A., ed. Plant protection against pests, diseases, and weeds in Byelorussia. Recommendations. Minsk: Urozhai, 223 p. (in Russian).
Klyuchko, Z.F. 1974. Noctuidae. In: Vasil.ev, V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 361-408 (in Russian).
Kononenko, V.S. 1988. Noctuidae. In: Belyaev, E.A. et al., eds. Butterflies - pests of the Far Eastern agriculture. Keys. Vladivostok: DVO AN SSSR, p. 217-262 (in Russian).
Kononenko, V.S. 2003. Noctuidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects if the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka, 688 p. (in Russian).
Lizgunova, T.V. 1965. Cabbage. Leningrad: Kolos, 384 p. (in Russian).
Pospelov, S.M. 1975. Noctuidae - Pests of agricultural crops in NW Russia. DSc Thesis. Leningrad - Pushkin, 43 p. (in Russian).
Pospelov, S.M. 1989. Noctuidae - Pests of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat, 112 p. (in Russian).
Provorotova, G.M. 1977. Insect pests of cabbage in Krasnoyarsk Territory. In: S.A. Kulik, ed. Fauna and ecology of Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Irkutsk: Irkutsk University: p. 172-180 (in Russian).
Sazonov, A.P., Burov, V.N., Sundukova, N.E., Mokrousova, E.P., Kolesova, D.A., Zolotov, L.A., Voinyak, V.I., Pristavko, V.P., Chernii, A.M., Petrushova, N.I., Medvedeva, G.M., Matvievskii, A.S., Maksimova, V.I., Atanov, N.M. & Gummel, R.M. 1991. Technology of practical application of biologically active compounds in the IPM on fruit and vegetable cultures against pests (recommendations). Moscow: VASKHNIL, 32 p. (in Russian).
Sukhareva, I.L. 1999. Noctuidae. In: Kuznetsov, V.I., ed. Insects and mites - agricultural pests. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka, p. 332-378 (in Russian).
Tochenov, V.V., Markov, V.F., Belyaeva, L.I. et al., eds. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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