Area of distribution and pest damage of Mayetiola destructor Say.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Created using information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1:35 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map. Area and zone of pest damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Zone of damage of M. destructor is located within the area of commercial production of grain crops (winter and spring wheat, rye). Within the area, a zone of low damage is outlined, where the population density every year or periodically reaches economic threshold. The latter is 10-15 viable puparia per sq.m during seedling growth and tillering; 30-50 flies per 100 net sweeps, infestation of 20% of shoots by eggs, or 5-10% of shoots by larvae at the beginning of tillering. (Tanskii et al., 1988).

Method of map production:

The map was compiled by analyzing open published cartographical materials and literature. Hill`s map (Hill, 1978) is used as a base map. The northern border of the pest area is corrected according to published data concerning preference of M. destructor to air temperature. The analysis of Hill`s map of distribution of the Hessian Fly has shown, that in Russia the area of the pest coincides with the isoline of air temperatures total 1500° for the period with average daily temperature above 10°C; therefore the map has been corrected after Rubinshtein (1972). Deserts of Central Asia (territories with the annual precipitation amount less than 100 mm) are excluded from the area after Kuznetsova & Sharov (1972). The zone of low damage in the European part is determined according to Aleksandrov (1969); Kamyshnyi (1935); Kryshtal' (1974); Pavlov (1983); Shtakel'berg (1949); and Chesnokov (1947). The border of the zone of low damage within the limits of Ukraine is drawn taking into account pest reaction to humidification according to Kamyshnyi (1935) and Kryshtal (1974); it is specified in Central Black Earth Region after Pavlov (1983).

Reference citations:

Aleksandrov Yu.P. 1969. Materials on Mayetiola destructor Say in the Altai Territory. In: Proceedings of Novosibirsk Station of Institute of Grain Crops. Novosibirsk. 71-76 pp.
Belyaev I.M. 1974. Pests of grain crops. Moscow: Kolos. 284 pp. (In Russian)
Chesnokov P.G. 1947. Flies-pests of grain crops in SW part of Middle Cis-Urals. In: Scientific report of plant production (VIR-1943). Moscow: Sel'khozgiz. 19-30 pp.
Hill D. 1978. Agricultural insect pests of temperate regions and their control. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press. 650 pp.
Kamyshnyi N.S. 1935. On zones of mass reproduction of the Hessian Fly. In: Proceedings of Eucrania Institute of grain crops. Laboratory of Entomology. Kiev & Khar'kov: State publishing house of Kolkhoz & Sovkhoz literature UkrSSR. 5-66 pp.
Krishtal' O.P. 1959. Agricultural insect pests in Ukrainian forest-steppe and forest belts. Kyiv: Kyiv: Kyiv University. 360 pp. (In Ukrainian)
Kryshtal' A.F. 1974. Cecidomyiidae. In: Vasil'ev V.P., ed. Pests of Agricultural crops and Forest Plantations. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. V.2: 499-519. (In Russian)
Kuznetsova L.P., Sharova V.YA. 1972. Amount of precipitations. In: Gol'tsberg I.YA, editor. Agroclimate Atlas of the World. Moscow & Leningrad: Gidrometizdat. 15-16 pp. (In Russian)
Mamaeva Kh.P., Mamaev B.M. 1981. Cecidomyiidae. In: Narchuk E.P. & Tryapitsyn V.A., editors. Insects and mites-pests of agricultural plants. Hymenoptera and Diptera. Leningrad: Nauka. V.4: 68-98. (In Russian)
Pavlov I.F. 1983. Field crops protection from pests. Moscow: Rossel'khozizdat. 224 pp. (In Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., ed. 1973. Methods of survey and forecasting of the development of plant pests and diseases in Central Black Earth Strip. Voronezh: Kommuna. 100 pp. (In Russian)
Rubinshtein E.S. 1972. Air temperatures total for the period above 10 degrees. In: Gol'tsberg I.Ya, editor. Agroclimate Atlas of the World. Moscow & Leningrad: Gidrometizdat, pp. 27.
Shtakel'berg A.A. 1949. Diptera. Cecidomyiidae. In: Pest animals of middle Asia (Handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR. 48-57 pp.
Skuhrava M. 1986. Cecidomyiidae. In: Soos A., Papp L. & Oosterbroeck P., editors. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera 4. Budapest: Akademiai Kiado. 72-296 pp.
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated grain pest management (Methodical instructions). In: Collection of methodic recommendations on plant protection. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 pp. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 (c) I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); photo is borrowed from the web-site
Photo Dr. John A. Jackman.

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