Area of distribution and damage of Melolontha hippocastani F.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists - J.M. Malysh & A.N.Frolov,
GIS-specialist - M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of the map with scale 1:33 000 000, on the basis of information taken from literature.


.Alber.s Equal Conica for the USSR., 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map, which consists of three thematic layers. Area of distribution and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Threshold of harmfulness of forest cockchafer in the grub phase is 1 exemplar per square meter (Vasil'ev, Livshits, 1984.). Zones of high (10 and more grubs per square meter) and low (1 to 10 grubs per square meter) damage are distinguished within the pest areal on the basis of expert estimations of injury of fruit crops.

Method of map production:

Data from the publications are used for allocation of area and zones of pest damage. The areal map is based on publications of Berezina and Stark (1936), Polozhentsev (1952), Polozhentsev and Troitskii (1963), Grishina (1966), Rozhkov (1968), Vasil.ev and Livshits (1984), Gninenko (1998), Negrobov (2000). Forest cockchafer is widely distributed in forest part of Russia from its western boundaries to Yakutia and Primorye, is also found in Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China. On the Former Soviet Union Territory, zone of high damage includes eastern Ukraine, in Russia - Voronezh region, Mari El Republic, north of Bashkortostan Republic, Tyumen region, central and western Novosibirsk region, Altay Territory. Zone of low damage includes part of areal for the exception of zones of high damage on the level of Smolensk - Kirov - Nizhniy Tagil - Tyumen - Barabinsk - Pavlodar - Kushmurun - Uralsk - Donetsk. Boundaries of the zones of damage are given according to the following works: Berezina and Stark (1936), Gninenko (1998), Grishina (1966), Polozhentsev (1952), Polozhentsev and Troitskii (1963) Rozhkov (1968). The pest damage zones are corrected according to the map of plough land distribution (Koroleva et al., 2003).

Reference citations:

Berezina, V.M., Stark, V.N. 1936. Areal of forest cockchafer in the USSR. In: Zelenukhin, I.A., ed. Res. Summ. All-Russ. Inst. Plant Protection in 1935. Leningrad: All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, p. 28-32 (in Russian).
Gninenko, Yu.I. 1998. Forest cockchafer Melolontha hippocastani F. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) on the north of Kazakhstan. In: Krivokhatskii, V.A., ed. Problems of Entomology in Russia. Proc. 11 Russ. Entomol. Soc. Saint-Petersburg: Zoological Institute, RAS. V. 1, p. 86 (in Russian).
Grishina, L.G. 1966. On ecology of cockchafers (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) of Altay. In: Cherepanov, A.I., ed. // Fauna and ecology of arthropods of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, p. 206-208 (in Russian).
Koroleva I.E., Vilchevskaya E.V. and Rukhovich D.I. AVector map of the largest arable land distribution. 2003.
Negrobov, S.O. 2000. On the fauna and ecology of stag-beetles and scarabs (Coleoptera: Lucanidae, Scarabaeidae) of Voronezhskaya region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 79(1): 89-95 (in Russian).
Polozhentsev P.A. 1952. About cockchafer in Bashkiria. In: Dement.ev, G.P., ed. Nature protection. Digest 15. Moscow: Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo okhrany prirody, p. 127-133 (in Russian).
Polozhentsev, P.A., Troitskii, B.G. 1963. Cockchafers in the forests of Mari ASSR. In: Koperin, F.I., ed. News of higher education institutions. Lesnoi zhurnal. Arkhangel.skii lesotekhnicheskii institute, p. 35-38 (in Russian).
Rozhkov, A.A. 1968. Cockchafers as the main pest of pine crops in Tyumen region. In: Kataev, O.A., ed. Forest protection. Sci. Labors. Leningrad: Leningradskaya lesotekhnicheskaya akademiya. 1(115): 97-106 (in Russian).
Vasil'ev, V.P., Livshits, I.Z. 1984. Fruit crop pests. Forest cockchafer (Melolontha hippocastani F.). Moscow: Kolos, p. 129-130 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © J.M. Malysh, A.N.Frolov & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description), picture of Bogolyubov, A.S., Kravchenko, M.V. (2002).

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