Area of distribution and damage of Melolontha melolontha L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists - J.M. Malysh & A.N.Frolov,
GIS-specialist - M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is based on materials of the map with scale 1:33 000 000, using the information taken from literature.


"Alber's Equal Conica for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map, which consists of three thematic layers. Area of distribution and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Threshold of harmfulness of Common Cockchafer in the grub stage estimates as 1 specimen per one square meter (Tanskii, 1985). Zones of low (1 to 10 grubs per square meter during high density period) and high (over 10 grubs per square meter during high density period) damage are distinguished within the pest area. Pest outbreaks within the area bounds have irregular frequency.

Method for map production:

Data from the publications are used for allocation of area and zones of pest damage. The area map is based on publications of Merzeewska (2001), Tsinovskii (1957), Dmitriev (1969), Vasilpev, Livshits (1984), Negrobov (2000), Gavyalis (1970), Mishnev, Gorbunov (1984). The species is found almost everywhere through the territory of Baltic States, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, the West of Russia.The zone of high damage includes Moldova, Western and Central Ukraine. The some part of Central Ukraine, Belarus, south of Latvia and Lithuania, the west part of Russia up to the line Belgorod - Kursk - Briansk is the zone of low damage. The boundaries of the damage zones are given according to the following works: Dmitriev (1969), Vasil'ev, Livshits (1984), Negrobov (2000), Gavyalis (1970), Mishnev, Gorbunov (1984). They are corrected according to the map of plow land distribution (Koroleva et al., 2003).

Reference citations:

Dmitriev, G.V. 1969. Bases for protection of green plantings from the pestiferous arthropods. Family Scarabaeidae. Kiev: Naukova dumka, p. 279, 377 (in Russian).
Gavyalis, V. 1970. Distribution of beetles of the Melolontha genus in Lithuanian SSR and its flight years // In: Ozolin'sh, V.Ya., ed. Pests of agricultural and forest plants and their control measures. Proc. 7th Baltic Conf. Plant Protection. P. 2. Elgava: Pribaltiiskii filial VIZR, p. 68-71 (in Russian).
Koroleva, I.E., Vilchevskaya, E.V., Rukhovich, D.I. 2003. Vector map of the largest arable land distribution.
Merzeewska, E. 2001. Biological control for Melolontha melolontha grubs using a preparation of Beauveria bassiana in eastern Poland. In: Soroka, S.V., ed. Plant protection at the threshold of 21st century. Proc. Sci. Practic. Conf. devoted to 30th anniversary of BelNIIZR. Minsk: Belbiznespress, p. 465-466 (in Russian).
Mishnev, A.K., Gorbunov, A.F. 1984. Harmfulness of Common Cockchafer in Sumsk Region. In: Tsygankova, E.N., ed. Proc. 9th Congr. All-Union Entomol. Soc. P. 2. Kiev: Naukova dumka, p. 49-50 (in Russian).
Negrobov, S.O. 1960. On the fauna and ecology of stag-beetles and scarabs (Coleoptera: Lucanidae, Scarabaeidae) of Voronezh Region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 79(1): 89-95 (in Russian).
Tsinovskii, Ya.P. 1957. Biological bases for the forecasting of scarabeid beetles pupation. In: Bei-Bienko, G.Ya., ed. Proc. 3rd Congr. All-Union Entomol. Soc., Tbilisi. Moscow, Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk SSSR, p. 38-39 (in Russian).
Vasil'ev, V.P., Livshits, I.Z. 1984. Fruit crop pests. Common Cockchafer (Melolontha melolontha L.). Moscow: Kolos, p. 128-129 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2006 © J.M. Malysh, A.N.Frolov & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description).

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