Area and damage zone of Metopolophium dirhodum Walk.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map is composed of 2 thematic layers. Zones of distribution and damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Zone of low damage is only separated within the insect area, using the published materials. The zone of low damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical increase of aphids on cereals according to points 1-2 (Drakhovskaya, 1962).

Method of map production:

The area and damage zone of Metopolophium dirhodum Walk. have been marked on a blank map by results of the analysis of the published materials. The northern border has been also marked after the published materials (Shaposhnikov, 1964; Ivanovskaya, 1976), coinciding with the northern border of forest zone. This insect is cold resistant. The species is marked in West Siberia (Ivanovskaya, 1976). This aphid occurs also in Primorskii territory (Pashchenko, 1979). The borders of low damage zone are given, using the criteria that have been published by V.P.Nevskii (1929), O.I.Ivanovskaya (1976), and others. It covers steppe zone of Ukraine, Lower Volga Basin Region, North Caucasus, Transcaucasia, and South Kazakhstan. The vector map of distribution of arable lands within the territory of the Former USSR has been also used for the correction of damage zone (Koroleva et al., 2003).

Reference citations:

Baranov A.N. 1969. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Chief Department of Geodesy and Cartography. 90-91 p. (in Russian).
Cannon R.J.C. 1985. Colony development and alate production in Metopolophium dirhodum (Walker) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on winter wheat. Bulletin of Entomological Research 75(2): 353-365.
Cochrane J. 1980. Meteorological aspects of the numbers and distribution of the rose-grain aphid, Metopolophium dirhodum (Wlk.), over south-east England in July 1979. Plant Pathology 29(1): 1-8.
Drakhovskaya M. 1962. Forecasting in plant protection. Moscow: Publishing House of Agricultural literature, magazines and posters. 165 p. (in Russian).
Hill A.R. 1971. The reproductive behaviour of Metopolophium festucae (Theobald) at different temperatures and on different host plants. Annals of Applied biology 67 (3): 289-295.
Ivanovskaya O.I. 1976. Fauna of aphids on the territory of West Siberia. In: Zolotorenko G.S., ed. Fauna of helminthes and arthropods of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. P. 175-189 (in Russian).
Johnston R.L. & Bishop G.W. 1987. Economic injury levels and economic thresholds for cereal aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) on spring-planted wheat. Journal of Economic Entomology 80(2): 478-482.
Mordvilko A.K. 1921. Cereal aphids (Aphidoidea). Part 1. Petrograd: State publishing house. P. 43 (in Russian).
Koroleva I.E., Vil'chevskaya E.B. & Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Vector maps of most spreading of arable lands.
Nevskii V.P. 1929. Aphids of Middle Asia. Proceedings of Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station 16. Tashkent. 82-83 p. (in Russian).
Pashchenko N.F. 1979. Aphids (Aphidinea), damaging cereals in Primiorskii territory. In: Ivliev L.A., ed. Ecology and biology of arthropods in southern part of Primorskii territory. Vladivostok: AN USSR. P. 57 (in Russian).
Shaposhnikov G.Kh. 1964. Order Homoptera - homopterous. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural crops. V. 1. Leningrad: Nauka. P. 602 (in Russian).
Weber G. 1985. On the Ecological Genetics of Metopolophium dirhodum (Walker) (Homoptera, Aphididae). Zeitschrift fur angewandte Entomologie 100(5): 451-458.

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © M.N.Berim & M.I.Saulich (vector map, description).
M.N.Berim, S.G.Udalov (picture).

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