Area of distribution and damage of Lymantria dispar L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from state publications and maps of scale 1:20,000,000-1:40,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Distribution area and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the pest distribution area within the former USSR, 2 zones were allocated - zones of moderate and low harm. In the zone of moderate harm, the number of L. dispar usually exceeds the economic threshold under weather conditions favorable for egg-laying and caterpillar-hatching. The economic threshold is 0.5-1 egg-batches per tree before buds blossom and 10-15% damaged leaves after buds blossom. In the zone of low harm, the number occasionally (1-2 times per decade) reaches the economic threshold (Tanskii, 1985; Dolzhenko, 2004).

Mapping procedure:

The map was compiled following an analysis of state publications and maps. The map by Baranchikov (1988) was used as a prototype. The northern border of the distribution area was corrected using Utkin (1998) in the Ural region, as well as Rozhkov & Vasil'ev (1982) and Kondakov (1963) in the Baikal region; Sakhalin and S. Kurils (Kunashir, Shikotan, Iturup) were included based on Chistyakov (2003). In Central Asia, the distribution area covers mainly mountain and foothill areas (D'yakonov, Kozhanchikov, 1949; Khamdam-Zada, 1972; Kireeva, 1983; Gabrid, 1997; Koltunov et al., 1998). The zone of moderate harm was mapped using Polyakov et al. (1984) and adapted to include economically significant fruit crop cultivation areas (Tochenov et al., 1984). The zone of low harm coincides with economically significant areas of fruit crop cultivation that were not included in the zone of moderate harm (see sources of data).

Sources of data:

Baranchikov Yu.N. 1988. Ecological mechanisms of evolutionary strategy of populations of Gypsy Moth in Northern Eurasia. In: Baranchikov Yu.N., ed. Gypsy Moth: results and prospects of researches. Materials on the project of 2nd Soviet national program "Man and Biosphere" (MAB). Krasnoyarsk: Institute of forestry SO AN SSSR, 52 p. (in Russian).
Benkevich V.I. 1962. On forecast of mass appearance of Ocneria dispar (Lepidoptera, Liparidae). Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 41(1): 40-49 (in Russian).
Benkevich V.I. 1966. Essays on biology of Ocneria dispar (Lepidoptera, Liparidae). In: Derim Oglu E.N., ed. Ecology and systematics of animals. Proc. Orekhovo-Zuevo Ped. Institute: 67-80 (in Russian).
Benkevich V.I. 1966. Outbreaks of mass reproduction of Ocneria dispar (Lepidoptera, Liparidae) in the European part of the USSR in connection with fluctuations of solar activity, circulating transformations of atmosphere, climate, and weather. In: Derim Oglu E.N., ed. Ecology and systematics of animals. Proc. Orekhovo-Zuevo Ped. Institute: 3-41 (in Russian).
Benkevich V.I. 1966. To biology and ecology of larval phase of Ocneria dispar (Lepidoptera, Liparidae). In: Derim Oglu E.N., ed. Ecology and systematics of animals. Proc. Orekhovo-Zuevo Ped. Institute: 42-66 (in Russian).
Chistyakov Yu.A. 1988. Family Lymantriidae. In: Kirpichnikova, V.A. & Ler, P.A., eds. Butterflies - pests of the Far Eastern agriculture. Keys. Vladivostok: DVO AN SSSR, p. 189-209 (in Russian).
Chistyakov Yu.A. 2003. Lymantriidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects if the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka: 603-631 (in Russian).
D'yakonov A.M. & Kozhanchikov I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR: 179-198 (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Gabrid N.V. 1997 Ocneria dispar is a pest of walnut-fruit forests. Les tokoi (Bishkek) 2: 13-14 (in Russian).
Khamdam-Zada T.K. 1972. Ocneria dispar in apricot gardens of northeast districts of Central Asia and its control. PhD Thesis, Tashkent: Tashkent Univ., 24 p. (in Russian).
Kireeva I.M. 1983. Ecology and physiology of Ocneria dispar. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 128 p.
Koltunov E.V., Ponomarev V.I., Fedorenko S.I. 1998. Ecology of Ocneria dispar in conditions of anthropogenic impact. Ekaterinburg: Institute of forestry UrO RAN, 416 p. (in Russian).
Kondakov Yu.P. 1963. Ocneria dispar L. in forests of Krasnoyarsk Terrotory. In: Zhukov A.B., ed. Protection of Siberian forests against insect pests. Moscow: AN SSSR: 30-78 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.I. 1999. Lymantriidae (Liparidae, Orgyidae). In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St.Petersburg: Nauka: 279-320 (in Russian).
Kuznetsov V.N., Chistyakov YU.A. 2000. Lymantria dispar (L.) in Primorskii Territory: lessons of crisis and approaches to decision of problem. In: Chistyakov YU.A., ed. Readings in memory of Alexei Ivanovich Kurentsov. No. 9. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka: 17-32 (in Russian).
Lyamzev N., Isaev A. Insect Database Descriptions. Land Resourses of Russia. IIASA & RAS, 2002. .
Miralibekov N. 1986. Ecological and faunistic review of insects - pests of fruit crops in the Western Pamirs. In: Chikatunov V.I., ed. Fauna, ecology and zoogeography of Pamirs. Dushanbe: Donish: 50-55 (in Russian).
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1974. Lymantriidae. In: Vasil'ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai: 357-361 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-45 (in Russian).
Prokof'ev M.A. 1987. Siberian orchards protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel'khozizdat, 239 p. (in Russian).
Rozhkov A.S., ed. 1982. Ocneria dispar in Middle and Eastern Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 80 p. (in Russian).
Shakirova S.M., Shamigulova L.G., Khairetdinov S.S., Galiev N.Kh., Ramazanov R.M. 1999. Forest - Biosphere and man. Ufa: Bashkir Encyclopedia, (in Russian).
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian).
Utkin N.A., ed. 1998. Invertebrate animals of Southern Trans-Ural Region and adjacent territories. Materials of the All-Russian conference, April, 14-16, 1998. Kurgan: Kurgan Univ. 368 p. (in Russian).
Vasil'ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos, 399 pp. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description);
I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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