Area of distribution and damage of Orgya antiqua L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000, 1:200 000 000


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The distribution area is presented within the territory of the former USSR. In orchards the pest causes harm in the geographic area which allows for the development of 2 generations (south of the European part of Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, southern Primorskii Territory) (Kuznetsov, 1999). Within the limits of the general distribution area a zone of low damage was outlined, where the pest has economic significance. The economic threshold was established for the pest characterized by 2 caterpillars on 100 inflorescences or fruits (Sazonov et al., 1991); however, the pest is also significant within a complex of phyllophagous lepidopteran pests; for the latter the economic threshold was established, characterized by 8-10% damaged buds and 20-25% damaged leaves after bud blossoming (Dolzhenko, 2004).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. Two maps by Kozhanchikov (1950) were taken as base maps. Northern border of the area from Karelia to Yenisei was determined according to map by Kozhanchikov (1950, fig. 119) and the data of Kutenkova (1986 a, b); in Eastern Siberia and in the Far East this border was drawn southward according to the following sources from Krasnoyarsk and Khabarovsk Territories, Yakutia and Sakhalin: Kozhanchikov (1950), Kolmakova (1962), Prozorov (1963), Shtundyuk & Ablakanova (1969), Chistyakov (1985, 2003). Southern border of the area was determined according to the data and map compiled by Kozhanchikov (1950, fig. 76); therefore the Astrakhan. Region was excluded from the area, and some regions of North Kazakhstan were included in the area. In contrast to Kozhanchikov (1950), the Crimea and the Caucasus were entirely included into the area based on the following publications: Shengeliya (1966); Nekrutenko (1974); Akhundova, Efendi (1979); Kuznetsov (1999). The zone of low damage was allocated according to the following sources: Shtundyuk & Ablakanova (1969), Nekrutenko (1974), Kuznetsov (1999) and original data within the areas of industrial cultivation of fruits (Tochenov et al., 1984).

Reference citations:

Akhundova L.M., Efendi R.E. 1979. Tussock Moths (Lepidoptera, Orgyidae), pests of ornamental-park and fruit plants. Scientific Works of Azerbaijan University. Biol. Sci. V.4. Baku: Azerb. GU. 23-26 p. (In Russian)
Chistyakov Yu.A. 1985. Tussock Moths of the genus Orgya Ochsen (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae) on soya crops and peculiarities of their biology in Primorskii Territory. In: Arefin V.S., ed. Fauna and ecology of insects in Primorskii Territory and Kamchatka Region (pests and entomophages). Vladivostok: DVNTS AN SSSR. 91-98 p. (In Russian)
Chistyakov Yu.A. 1988. Family Lymantriidae. In: Kirpichnikova V.A., Ler P.A., eds. Butterflies - pests of the Far Eastern agriculture. Keys. Vladivostok: DVO AN SSSR. 189-209 p. (In Russian)
Chistyakov Yu.A. 2003. Lymantriidae. In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to the insects of the Russian Far East. V. 5(4). Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Vladivostok: Dal.nauka. 603-631 p. (In Russian)
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (In Russian)
Kolmakova V.D. 1962. Lepidopteran pests of fruit-berry plants in Transbaikalia. In: Bolbaduev V.O., ed. Pests of forest and fruit-berry cultures in Transbaikalia. Ulan-Ude: Buryatskii kompleksnyi NII. 96-135 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kozhanchikov V.V. 1950. Orgyidae. In: Pavlovskii E.N., Shtakel.berg A.A., eds. Fauna of the USSR. Lepidoptera. V. 12. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 581 p. (In Russian)
Kutenkova N.N. 1986 a. Increase of Orgya antiqua number in nature reserve "Kivach" in 1983. In: Alekseev V.A., ed. Fauna and ecology of invertebrate animals in nature reserves of RSFSR. Collection of works of TSNIL Glavokhot RSFSR. Moscow. 98-105 p. (In Russian)
Kutenkova N.N. 1986 b. Lepidoptera of the nature reserve "Kivach". In: Yakovlev E.B., Uzenbaev S.D., eds. Fauna and ecology of Karelian invertebrates. Petrozavodsk: Karelian branch AN SSSR. 123-158 p. (In Russian)
Kuznetsov V.I. 1999. Lymantriidae (Liparidae, Orgyidae). In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(2). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 279-320 p. (In Russian)
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1974. Lymantriidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 357-361 p. (In Russian)
Prozorov S.S., Korshunova L.M., Zemkova R.I. 1963. Orgyia antiqua L. is a pest of Siberian larch. In: Zhukov A.B., ed. Forest protection in Siberia against insect pests. Moscow: AN SSSR. 5-30 p. (In Russian)
Shengeliya E.S. 1966. Lasiocampidae. In: Dzhaparidze N.I., ed. Invertebrate fauna of Trialet mountain range. Tbilisi: Metsniereba. 147-149 p. (In Russian)
Shtundyuk A.V., Ablakanova A.A. 1969. Pests and diseases of fruit-berry cultures and vines in the Far East and their control. Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Publishing House. 140 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (In Russian)
Vorontsov A.I. 1982. Forest entomology. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. 384 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

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Copyright 2004 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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