The area and damage zones of Oscinella pusilla Meigen and Oscinella frit Linnaeus

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic of USSR", 9, 1001, 1, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The insect area was divided into zones of high, moderate and low damage using the following materials: Zhukovskii (1932), Shapiro (1963), Kuznetsova (1964). The zone of high damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical damage up to 35% or more plants; the zone of moderate damage, corresponding to 15 to 35% of plants; and the zone of low damage, corresponding to 15% plants and less.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The borders of zones of different harmfulness were prepared using criteria that were published according to the following sources: Selivanova (1946), Pavlov (1959), Shapiro (1963), Kuznetsova (1964), Ryabchenko et al. (1986). The northern border was determined based on the following published materials: Chukanova (1976), Agafonova et al. (1977), on the data of expeditions and also on the data taken from suction traps, yellow sticky traps and caps of Moerike. The distribution of plant hosts was according to the Atlas of the USSR vegetation (cereal cultures), taking into account the temperature preference of the insect (the insects are cold resistant). The vector map of the distribution of arable lands within the territory of the Former Soviet Union was also used for the correction of damage zones (Koroleva et al., 2003).

Reference citations:

Agafonova Z.Ya., Rodionova N.A., Ivanova N.S. 1977. Harmfullness of frit fly on oats in Non-Chernozem zone of Russia. In: Brezhnev D.D., ed. Bulletin of VIR. Leningrad: VIR. N. 71. 77-82 p. (In Russian)
Chukanova L.N. 1976. Biological features of frit fly in Middle Ob' River region conditions. In: Ivanov O.A., ed. Research-technical Bulletin of Siberian Department of VASKhNIL. N. 18. Novosibirsk: VASKhNIL. 17-27 p. (In Russian).
Imanbakiev K.Yu. 1970. On biology of frit fly in steppe regions of North Kazakhstan. In: Kosolapova G.Ya., ed. Proceedings of Kazakhstan NIIZR. Alma-Ata: NIIZR. 20-3 p. (In Russian)
Ivatsik G.A., Koval'chuk L.A. 1975. Natural predators of frit fly in Gor'kii Region. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Bulletin VIZR. N. 32. Leningrad: VIZR. 13-8 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kuznetsova E.D. 1964. Cereal flies. In: Polyakov I.Ya., Chumakov A.E., ed. Proceedings of VIZR. N. 22. Leningrad: VIZR. 147-62 p. (In Russian)
Pavlov I.F. 1959. Ecology of main species living in hiding in stems on cereals and basis for control measures. DSc Thesis. Khar'kov: State university. 32 p. (In Russian)
Ryabchenko N.A., Lokhonya R.Kh., Romeiko L.I. 1986. Economical threshold for frit fly. Zashchita rastenii 5: 17. (In Russian)
Samersov V.F., Loban' N.A., Mormyleva V.F. 1981. Harmfulness of frit fly on cereals in Byelorussia and ways of its regulation. In: Samersov V.F., ed. Proceedings of BelNIIZR. N. 6. Minsk: BelNIIZR. 37-44 p. (In Russian)
Selivanova S.N. 1946. On racial composition of frit fly and its role in damaging of spring corn. In: Zhukovskii A.V., ed. Proceedings of Voronezh station of plant protection. N. 13. Voronezh. 39-44 p. (In Russian)
Shapiro I.D. 1963. Frit fly on maize. In: Polyakov I.Ya., Chumakov A.E., ed. Distribution of pests and diseases on agricultural cultures in USSR in 1962 and their forecasting in 1963. Leningrad: VIZR. 132-40 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Zhukovskii A.V. 1932. Reasons for population of spring crops by frit fly (Oscinella frit L.). In: Bek M.M., ed. Proceedings of VIZR. V. 8(5-6). Leningrad: VIZR. 514-529 . (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © M.N. Berim & M.I. Saulich (vector map, description), M.N. Berim (VIZR, picture).

Web design —
Kelnik studios